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Can Kidney Stones Raise Blood Sugar

Urology Care Foundation - What Are Kidney Stones?

Urology Care Foundation - What Are Kidney Stones?

Medical Illustration Copyright 2015 Nucleus Medical Media, All rights reserved Urine contains many dissolved minerals and salts. When your urine has high levels of these minerals and salts, you can form stones. Kidney stones can start small but can grow larger in size, even filling the inner hollow structures of the kidney. Some stones stay in the kidney, and do not cause any problems. Sometimes, the kidney stone can travel down the ureter, the tube between the kidney and the bladder. If the stone reaches the bladder, it can be passed out of the body in urine. If the stone becomes lodged in the ureter, it blocks the urine flow from that kidney and causes pain. The kidneys are fist-size organs that handle the body's fluid and chemical levels. Most people have two kidneys, one on each side of the spine behind the liver, stomach, pancreas and intestines. Healthy kidneys clean waste from the blood and remove it in the urine. They control the levels of sodium, potassium and calcium in the blood. The kidneys, ureters and bladder are part of your urinary tract. The urinary tract makes, transports, and stores urine in the body. The kidneys make urine from water and your body's waste. The urine then travels down the ureters into the bladder, where it is stored. Urine leaves your body through the urethra. Kidney stones form in the kidney. Some stones move from the kidney into the ureter. The ureters are tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder. If a stone leaves the kidney and gets stuck in the ureter, it is called a ureteral stone. Kidney stones come in many different types and colors. How you treat them and stop new stones from forming depends on what type of stone you have. Calcium stones are the most common type of kidney stone. There are two types of calcium stones: ca Continue reading >>

Kidney Stones Tied To Higher Diabetes Risk

Kidney Stones Tied To Higher Diabetes Risk

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - People who've suffered bouts of kidney stones may have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on, new research suggests. A number of studies have observed that people with diabetes are more likely to form kidney stones than diabetes-free people are. But it hasn't been clear whether the reverse is true. In the new study, researchers found that among more than 94,000 Taiwanese adults, those with a history of kidney stones were about 30 percent more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes over five years than people without stones. Of over 23,000 people who'd been treated for kidney stones, 12.4 percent developed diabetes, based on medical records. That compared with 9.6 percent of the 70,700 stone-free adults studied for comparison. Diabetes and kidney stones do share some of the same risk factors -- including obesity and older age. But even when the researchers accounted for age, obesity and certain other health factors, kidney stones were linked to a one-third higher risk of developing diabetes. The exact reason is uncertain, according to the researchers, led by Dr. Herng-Ching Lin of Taipei Medical University. But they suspect that certain processes in the body may contribute to both kidney stones and diabetes. Kidney stones develop when the urine contains more crystal-forming substances -- including calcium, uric acid and a compound called oxalate -- than can be diluted by the available fluid. The stones usually cause no lingering damage, but can be painful to pass. There's some evidence to suggest that the blood-sugar-regulating hormone insulin may contribute to kidney stones, according to Lin's team. Research in animals and humans has hinted that high insulin levels can change the composition of the urine in a way that makes k Continue reading >>

8 Sneaky Things That Raise Your Blood Sugar Levels

8 Sneaky Things That Raise Your Blood Sugar Levels

Skipping breakfast iStock/Thinkstock Overweight women who didn’t eat breakfast had higher insulin and blood sugar levels after they ate lunch a few hours later than they did on another day when they ate breakfast, a 2013 study found. Another study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that men who regularly skipped breakfast had a 21 percent higher chance of developing diabetes than those who didn’t. A morning meal—especially one that is rich in protein and healthy fat—seems to stabilize blood sugar levels throughout the day. Your breakfast is not one of the many foods that raise blood sugar. Here are some other things that happen to your body when you skip breakfast. Artificial sweeteners iStock/Thinkstock They have to be better for your blood sugar than, well, sugar, right? An interesting new Israeli study suggests that artificial sweeteners can still take a negative toll and are one of the foods that raise blood sugar. When researchers gave mice artificial sweeteners, they had higher blood sugar levels than mice who drank plain water—or even water with sugar! The researchers were able to bring the animals’ blood sugar levels down by treating them with antibiotics, which indicates that these fake sweeteners may alter gut bacteria, which in turn seems to affect how the body processes glucose. In a follow-up study of 400 people, the research team found that long-term users of artificial sweeteners were more likely to have higher fasting blood sugar levels, reported HealthDay. While study authors are by no means saying that sugary beverages are healthier, these findings do suggest that people who drink artificially sweetened beverages should do so in moderation as part of a healthy diet. Here's what else happens when you cut artificial sweetener Continue reading >>

Kidney Stones | Smart Nutrition

Kidney Stones | Smart Nutrition

Most people have two kidneys, which clean the blood. They filter out water and waste products, making urine. Kidney stones are fairly common, occurring in about 12 in every 100 men and 4 in every 100 women in the UK at some point in their life. Kidney stones are small, solid masses that form when salts or minerals normally found in urine become solid crystals (crystallise) inside the kidney. In most cases, the crystals are too tiny to be noticed, and pass harmlessly out of your body. However, they can build up inside your kidney and form much larger stones. Kidney stones are usually painless when in the kidney but can cause severe pain as they travel from the kidneys to the bladder. An attack of this pain is called renal or uteric colic. If a stone gets stuck in the ureter, this can cause an infection which can lead to permanent kidney damage. Many kidney stones dont move and are too small to cause any symptoms. However, if a kidney stone causes a blockage, or moves into the ureter, it may cause some of the following symptoms Severe pain or aching in the back on one or both sides Sudden spasms of excruciating pain, usually starting in the back below the ribs and radiating around the abdomen, sometimes to the groin and genitalia A frequent urge to urinate, or a burning sensation during urination These can also be symptoms of a urinary tract infection, or cystitis, which is much more common than kidney stones in young women. If you have one or more of these symptoms you should seek medical advice. Dehydration Not consuming enough water leads to more concentrated urine. The more concentrated the urine the greater the chance of forming kidney stones. Gradually increasing your water consumption can help to dilute the urine and reduce the prevalence of stone formation Poor d Continue reading >>

Does Diabetes Increase My Risk Of Developing Kidney Stones?

Does Diabetes Increase My Risk Of Developing Kidney Stones?

Does Diabetes Increase My Risk of Developing Kidney... Does Diabetes Increase My Risk of Developing Kidney Stones? Kidney stones are ball-like structures that form in the kidney and other organs in the urinary system of a person. Kidney stones form as a result of accumulation of very toxic and acidic materials filtered from the blood by the kidney. Kidney stones also result from different infections in the body, especially urinary tract infections . Diabetes is a condition where the body is not able to produce enough insulin, which is used by the body to obtain energy. The body may also be unable to utilize available insulin well. Insulin is a substance responsible in regulating the level of blood sugars in the body. Once there is insufficient insulin in the body, that means there is an increased level of insulin, which causes problems to the body's organs, such as the kidneys. Type 2 diabetes poses a higher risk of developing kidney stones than type 1 diabetes . Have a question about Diabetes ? Ask a doctor now Relationship between Diabetes and Kidney Stones Kidney stones and diabetes share several risk factors that can make kidney stones a common condition to develop alongside diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes. Here are some factors that may affect the formation of kidney stones: Insulin quantity: Diabetes equates to a low production of insulin in the body. As a result of this, there is a high accumulation of blood sugars in the body because insulin is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels. Subsequently, high levels of sugars in the blood is one of the main causes of kidney stones . When there are high amounts of sugars in the body, they are filtered from the kidney and accumulate in the urinary system because there is lack of fluids to dissolve these subs Continue reading >>

How Common Are Kidney Stones?

How Common Are Kidney Stones?

Each year, more than half a million people go to emergency rooms for kidney stone problems. It is estimated that one in ten people will have a kidney stone at some time in their lives. The prevalence of kidney stones in the United States increased from 3.8% in the late 1970s to 8.8% in the late 2000s. This increase was seen in both men and women, and both whites and blacks. The lifetime risk of kidney stones is about 19% in men and 9% in women. In men, the first episode is most likely to occur after age 30, but it can occur earlier. Other diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity may increase the risk for kidney stones. What is a kidney stone? A kidney stone is a hard object that is made from chemicals in the urine. Urine has various wastes dissolved in it. When there is too much waste in too little liquid, crystals begin to form. The crystals attract other elements and join together to form a solid that will get larger unless it is passed out of the body with the urine. Usually, these chemicals are eliminated in the urine by the body's master chemist: the kidney. In most people, having enough liquid washes them out or other chemicals in urine stop a stone from forming. The stone-forming chemicals are calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate. After it is formed, the stone may stay in the kidney or travel down the urinary tract into the ureter. Sometimes, tiny stones move out of the body in the urine without causing too much pain. But stones that don't move may cause a back-up of urine in the kidney, ureter, the bladder, or the urethra. This is what causes the pain. Possible causes include drinking too little water, exercise (too much or too little), obesity, weight loss surgery, or eating food with too much salt or sugar. Infections an Continue reading >>

Kidney Stones And Diabetes

Kidney Stones And Diabetes

Kidney stone formation seems to be more prevalent during the summer season due to the weather being hot and dry. Many people suffer from dehydration during the summer months and dehydration can increase the risk of minerals to crystallize in the kidneys of certain individuals. According to a report in the Journal of European Urology, “kidney stones affect about 9% of the US population which has doubled in the last 15 years”. Although the reason is not completely clear, there seems to be a connection to the increased obesity rates along with the typical American diet. Asians and Caucasians are at higher risk than African Americans and Native Americans. People that live in the South or Southwest (hot and dry) produce more kidney stones. Those with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance which causes higher amounts of acid in the urine and may be a reason for uric acid stones. People that have gout also produce high levels of uric acid which can lead to more kidney stones. Those who suffer from hypertension, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), hyperparathyroidism, or excess blood calcium all have higher incidences of kidney stones. Men tend to suffer from more kidney stones but the gap is recently narrowing with women. Stone formation is most prevalent in men between 20-70 and peaks in women in their 50’s. Immobilization or lack of movement is a risk factor for stones. Calcium oxalate makes up the majority of stones, along with calcium phosphate, uric acid and struvite (magnesium, ammonia and phosphate). A family history or personal past history of kidney stones make you more susceptible. The more animal protein and sodium in the diet, the higher the risk of kidney stone production. Even certain medications can increase the possibility of stones including diuretics, anta Continue reading >>

Sugar: The End Of Our Love Affair

Sugar: The End Of Our Love Affair

We love it. As a people Americans eat 66 pounds of added sugar a year per person . Each one of us eat that much added sugar. Yes, that much table sugar, sucrose, the bad stuff. It may be bad but I love it, passionately, and with the fondness only time can add to a relationship. Frankly, only the writing of this site put me on to the dangers of excess added sugar. A physician all of my adult years yet blithe enough about added sugar I knew its main drawback as mere obesity. Now I know better and plan to leave it be and live my life without its company. The pretty graph at the right comes from the US governments five year report on the diet of the American people. Men and women eat far more sugar than ideal, especially during childhood and early midlife. Although you might think otherwise, women are no better or worse than men in this one special behavior. Still life with sweetmeats by Georg Flegel, German, Olomouc (Olmtz) 15661638 hangs in the Stdelsches Kunstinstitut und Stdtische Galerie . The image is available for public educational use. Need I say why it fits this article? Added has a special meaning. It means not natural to the food. Manufacturers have to add it into the food. You will know they did it when you see sugar on the ingredient list. They name sugar so many ways you may miss it altogether. Lets start with the proper common names. Glucose and dextrose are two names for one sugar. It is the main sugar in our blood and the main sugar in starch. Fructose comes in fruits and is altogether different in chemistry and in the way our bodies metabolize it. Sugar, what we buy in sacks, is the two molecules, glucose and fructose, linked together to make one bigger molecule containing both. So when you eat table sugar you are eating glucose and fructose. The proper Continue reading >>

9 Signs Of Kidney Stones You Shouldn't Ignore

9 Signs Of Kidney Stones You Shouldn't Ignore

9 Signs of Kidney Stones You Shouldn't Ignore This health condition can land you in a world of pain. Let's discuss signs of kidney stones with the hope that you'll never have to put this knowledge into practice for yourself. Kidney stones have a deservedly terrible reputation. These small, hard deposits can form on the insides of your kidneys when high levels of different minerals and salts are in your urine, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). Kidney stones can be smooth or jagged, as tiny as a grain of sand or, more rarely, as large as a golf ball. Your body will typically try to pass them through your urethra with your urine , meaning that on their way out, kidney stones can also be unbelievably painful . Here's what you need to know about what causes kidney stones, signs you've got one, and how to prevent this painful health condition . There are four types of kidney stones, and they're generally a sign that something's up with your pee. Kidney stones are small, hard deposits of mineral and acid salts that form on the inner surface of the kidneys, Roger Sur , M.D., director of the Comprehensive Kidney Stone Center at UC San Diego Health, tells SELF. They can happen when your urine becomes too concentrated, allowing these minerals and salts to accumulate, according to the Mayo Clinic . These are the four types of kidney stones, per the NIDDK : These are the most common kinds of kidney stones, and they include calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate varieties. When concentrations of calcium and oxalate (produced by your liver and also often found in nuts and nut products, peanuts, spinach, rhubarb, and wheat bran) and phosphorus ( found in foods like beans, meat, and milk and compounds like disodium phosphate) buil Continue reading >>

Kidney Stone, Pain, And Bg

Kidney Stone, Pain, And Bg

I woke up yesterday to a very decent FBG of 109, had my normal breakfast and lunch, and went to my monthly diabetes support group meeting. Ironically, the meeting was about stress and diabetes. When I got home at 4PM, I was feeling a bit off and ate a very light dinner. By 5:30, I started experiencing left flank and LLQ abdominal pain that got increasingly worse. I took 2 Advil at 7:30. By 11:30, the pain had gotten unbearable, so we went to the ER. I took my Lantus before leaving for the hospital, and my BG was 120. A few hours later at the hospital, it had risen to 174! They did a CAT scan. Apparently, I got me a shiny new 4 mm kidney stone stuck in my left ureter. Holy crap, this is the second most painful thing I've ever experienced - second only to acute pancreatitis! Got home at 5AM and BG had dropped to 157. Relatively pain free with the hospital happy pills still on board, I managed to get some sleep. At 7:30 AM, my FBG was 132. I had a yogurt and scrambled eggs with some Advil. At noon today, my BG was back to 106. I'm still in pain, nothing like yesterday, and on Advil. Got an appointment with the urologist tomorrow. In the meantime, I'm trying to catch the stone in case I pass it. OUCH! Dx: Type 2 in 04/2016; Diet induced oxalate kidney stones in 12/2016 A1c: 6.9 in 2/2018; 6.1 in 7/2017; 6.0 in 2/2017; 6.1 in 11/2016; 6.2 in 08/2016; 11.5 in 04/2016 Ouch for sure! Sorry about the misery, hope the urologist appt. is productive. D.D. Family diabetic since 1997, on insulin 2000 I have enjoyed this twice in my life now I drink a lot more water than is recommended and it has not re-occured touch wood. Moderator T2 insulin resistant Using Basal/Bolus Therapy I rank the pain second to child birth but with no happy results. It does prove that pain can drive up your Continue reading >>

Does Diabetes Increase My Risk For Developing Kidney Stones?

Does Diabetes Increase My Risk For Developing Kidney Stones?

What’s the connection between diabetes and kidney stones? Diabetes is a condition in which your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use it properly. Insulin is crucial to regulating blood sugar levels. High blood sugar can cause problems in any part of your body, including your kidneys. If you have type 2 diabetes, you may have very acidic urine. That increases your risk for developing kidney stones. Kidney stones form when you have high concentrations of certain substances in your urine. Some kidney stones form from excess calcium oxalate. Others form from struvite, uric acid, or cysteine. The stones can travel from your kidney through your urinary tract. Small stones may pass through your body and out in your urine with little or no pain. Larger stones may cause a great deal of pain. They can even get lodged in your urinary tract. That can block urine flow and cause infection or bleeding. Other symptoms of kidney stones include: back or abdominal pain nausea vomiting If you experience severe symptoms of kidney stones, see your doctor. Your doctor may suspect kidney stones based on your symptoms. Urinalysis, blood tests, and imaging tests may be needed to confirm the diagnosis. Anyone can form a kidney stone. In the United States, almost 9 percent of people have had at least one kidney stone, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. In addition to diabetes, other risk factors for kidney stones include: obesity diet high in animal protein family history of kidney stones diseases and conditions that affect the kidneys diseases and conditions that affect the amount of calcium and certain acids in your body urinary tract disorders or chronic inflammation of the bowel Certain medications can also put you at higher ris Continue reading >>

Diseases Of The Urinary System

Diseases Of The Urinary System

In the last two newsletters, we explored both the anatomy of the urinary system and the physiology of the urinary system. In this issue, we'll examine what can go wrong. My intent here is not to explore the details of diseases of the urinary system, but rather, to explore their actual impact on the system. Why? Quite simply, if we understand what degrades the tissue and functions of the different parts of the urinary system, we have a chance to do something about it -- to either prevent those things from happening in the first place, or reverse them after the fact -- rather than merely managing symptoms. In other words, I intend to explore the diseases of the urinary system from the alternative health perspective that disease is the final manifestation of a series of events and choices rather than the medical perspective that disease is an isolated event unto itself. (Note: although kidney and bladder cancer kill some 28,000 people a year in the US,1,2 we will not discuss them at this time but save them for a future discussion when we explore the anatomy and physiology of cancer itself.) With the above perspective in mind, we're now going to examine the relationship of the following disease states to the urinary system: Diabetes High blood pressure Low blood pressure Infection (bacterial and yeast) Interstitial cystitis Kidney stones Kidney Sludge Diabetes Diabetes is not a disease of the kidneys; but as we discussed in our exploration of the endocrine system, it is a disease of the pancreas. But that said, diabetes nevertheless has a huge impact on the health of your kidneys. The basics in terms of diabetes and the kidneys are simple. As we explained last newsletter, any excretion of glucose in the urine is abnormal. As a result of a simple filtration process, 100% of Continue reading >>

Glucose Metabolism In Renal Stone Patients.

Glucose Metabolism In Renal Stone Patients.

Glucose metabolism in renal stone patients. Department of Urology, Kaizuka Municipal Hospital, Osaka, Japan. The calciuric response and the changes of plasma glucose and insulin produced by a 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test were determined in 27 male patients with idiopathic calcium renal stones (6 with dietary hypercalciuria, 5 with nondietary hypercalciuria and 16 with normocalciuria) and 22 healthy male subjects. The subjects were classified as obese (> or = 120% ideal weight) and nonobese. The incidence of an abnormal response to glucose loading was similar in the stone patients and the healthy subjects. In addition, the plasma glucose and insulin levels after oral glucose load did not differ between the stone patients and control subjects and were affected by the individual degree of obesity. Urinary calcium excretion increased significantly after glucose ingestion in both the stone patients and the control subjects. Urinary calcium excretion was greater in the stone patients than in the control subjects due to the presence of patients with nondietary hypercalciuria, and the increment in urinary calcium excretion in the dietary hypercalciuric and normocalciuric stone patients was indistinguishable from that in the control subjects. The degree of obesity did not affect the increment in urinary calcium excretion. These results suggest that overconsumption of refined carbohydrates such as sugar-sweetened soft drinks, soda and cakes may be a risk factor for stone formation, especially in the patients with nondietary hypercalciuria. Continue reading >>

Diabetes - A Major Risk Factor For Kidney Disease

Diabetes - A Major Risk Factor For Kidney Disease

Diabetes mellitus, usually called diabetes, is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. A high blood sugar level can cause problems in many parts of your body. The most common ones are Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in children. It is also called juvenile onset diabetes mellitus or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In this type, your pancreas does not make enough insulin and you have to take insulin injections for the rest of your life. Type 2 diabetes, which is more common, usually occurs in people over 40 and is called adult onset diabetes mellitus. It is also called non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. In Type 2, your pancreas makes insulin, but your body does not use it properly. The high blood sugar level often can be controlled by following a diet and/or taking medication, although some patients must take insulin. Type 2 diabetes is particularly prevalent among African Americans, American Indians, Latin Americans and Asian Americans. With diabetes, the small blood vessels in the body are injured. When the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, your kidneys cannot clean your blood properly. Your body will retain more water and salt than it should, which can result in weight gain and ankle swelling. You may have protein in your urine. Also, waste materials will build up in your blood. Diabetes also may cause damage to nerves in your body. This can cause difficulty in emptying your bladder. The pressure resulting from your full bladder can back up and injure the kidneys. Also, if urine remains in your bladder for a long time, you can develop an infection from the rapid growth of bacteria in urine that h Continue reading >>

Diabetes From Kidney Stone Blaster?

Diabetes From Kidney Stone Blaster?

In the early 1980s, getting a kidney stonekidney stone often meant painful open surgery. Then came shock wave lithotripsyshock wave lithotripsy. This revolutionary technology uses sonic waves to blast kidney stones into tiny grains of sand. No surgery is needed. It's always seemed to be safe. But now there's disturbing new data from a Mayo Clinic study. The study appears in the May issue of the Journal of Urology. The study compared kidney stone patients treated in 1985 with shock wave lithotripsy to patients given other nonsurgical kidney stone treatments that same year. Nineteen years later, the shock wave patients were nearly four times more likely to get diabetes. And, if both kidneys were treated, they were 47% more likely to have high blood pressure. It's not yet clear how shock wave treatment might cause these problems, says researcher Amy E. Krambeck, MD. What seems to be happening is collateral damage from the shock waves. "The theory is that the shear forces related to shock wave lithotripsy can cause tissue damage," Krambeck tells WebMD. "Damage to the pancreas could put patients at risk for diabetes." Patients who got the most shock wave treatments -- at the highest intensity - had the highest risk of diabetes. The shock wave machine used in 1985 is an older model. It's still in use at the Mayo Clinic, Krambeck says. Newer shock wave machines give a more focused shock -- but also provide stronger shock waves. Because the Mayo study is the first to link diabetes to shock wave treatment, it's not at all clear whether newer machines provide less risk, the same risk, or more risk. Krambeck says much more study is needed. In the meantime, she says, there's no reason to stop using the machines for patients with large kidney stones. There's no immediate danger for Continue reading >>

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