You Asked: Do Sugar Substitutes Cause Type 2 Diabetes?
TIME Health For more, visit TIME Health. By now you’ve heard that sugary foods drive insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes. The more of the sweet stuff you swallow—whether it’s table sugar or organic honey—the more insulin your pancreas has to produce and release into your bloodstream in order to control your blood’s glucose levels. At some point, an overworked pancreas can become incapable of producing enough insulin to manage sugar loads in the blood, resulting in type-2 diabetes But what happens if you replace sugar with artificial sweeteners? The American Diabetes Association says on its website that sugar substitutes are safe by FDA standards, and “may help curb your cravings for something sweet.” But other experts are dubious. “The short answer is we don’t know what happens when you replace sugar with artificial sweeteners,” says Dr. Robert Lustig, an endocrinologist and sugar researcher at the University of California, San Francisco. “We have data nibbling around the edges, but we don’t have enough to make a hard determination for any specific sweetener.” People who consume diet soda on a daily basis are 36% more likely to develop metabolic syndrome and 67% more likely to develop type-2 diabetes than people who don’t drink diet or regular soda, found a 2009 study. That may seem damning until you consider that overweight or obese people—the groups most at risk for type-2 diabetes—may be more likely to drink diet soda in an attempt to lose weight than their slimmer pals. Newer evidence, though still far from conclusive, is more telling. A 2014 study from Israel found that artificial sweeteners changed the microbiotic makeup of rodents’ guts in ways linked to metabolic disease. For another recent study, researchers at Washington Un Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Increase Diabetes Risk
Artificial sweeteners increase diabetes risk by Dr. Mark Stengler's Health Revelations Its the start of the season of indulgence full of candy, pie, and pumpkin spice-flavored everything. Some folks think theres a short cut to limit the damage to the waistline: Just switch to diet soda to make up for the extra calories! But new research shows how making that switch even just briefly to make room for some candy, cookies, and pie can leave lasting damage. And that damage could set you on the path toward diabetes! In the new study, 27 otherwise healthy people were given capsules to swallow three times a day. But others got capsules filled with an artificial no-calorie sweetener such as the sucralose often used in diet colas, coffees, and teas, as well as low-calorie desserts and snacks. Each capsule contained roughly what youd find in a 16-ounce soft drink so, overall, it was like having a diet drink three times a day. Most folks wouldnt think twice about that. A fter all, its a no-calorie sweetener. How much harm could it do? The folks who got the fake sugar had real changes inside the body and not in a good way. After meals, they had wild jumps in their blood sugar levels, a sign that the sugar substitute damaged the bodys glucose response even if the sweetener itself didnt cause the spike. Those extreme jumps in blood sugar are exactly what set the stage for insulin sensitivity, insulin resistance, and diabetes. Ready for the truly frightening part of this? This study didnt last years. It didnt even last months. If these fake sugars can do that much damage in that short of a time, imagine what consuming them regularly would do to you. Actually, you dont have to imagine: Long-term studies have linked no-cal sweeteners to weight gain, diabetes, and more. The new study on Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Could Increase Risk Of Diabetes In Just Two Weeks
Artificial sweeteners could increase risk of diabetes in just two weeks Millions of people turn to artificial sweeteners instead of sugarCredit:PA Usingartificial sweeteners instead of sugar could increase the risk of diabetes in just two weeks, new research suggests. The study shows that the supplements can change the bodys response to glucose, heightening the risk of the condition which is suffered by almost 4 million Britons. Previous studies have linked high intake of sweeteners to a greater risk of diabetes, The new research, presented at a conference in Lisbon, investigated the mechanisms behind the association. This study, led by the Adelaide Medical School in Australia, involved 27 healthy people who were either given sweeteners - the equivalent of 1.5 litres of diet drink, or an inactive placebo. At the end of two weeks, tests were carried out examining levels of glucose absorption, blood glucose, insulin and gut peptides. The team found that those given supplements such as sucralose - which is commonly marketed as Splenda - saw a heightened response across all fronts. None of these measures were altered in the volunteers who were given a placebo. The study determined that just two weeks of sweeteners was enough to make a difference. Lead author Prof Richard Young said: "This study supports the concept that artificial sweeteners could reduce the body's control of blood sugar levels and highlights the potential for exaggerated post-meal glucose levels in high habitual NAS [non-caloric artificial sweeteners] users, which could predispose them to developing type 2 diabetes." The findings were presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Lisbon, Portugal. Sweeteners are employed by many in the battle of the bulgeCredit:P Continue reading >>
Do Artificial Sweeteners Raise Diabetes Risk?
"Artificial sweeteners may promote diabetes, claim scientists," reports The Guardian. But before you go clearing your fridge of diet colas, the research in question – extensive as it was – was mainly in mice. The researchers' experiments suggest artificial sweeteners, particularly saccharin, change the bacteria that normally live in the gut and help to digest nutrients. These changes could reduce the body's ability to deal with sugar, leading to glucose intolerance, which can be an early warning sign of type 2 diabetes. Assessments in human volunteers suggested the findings might also apply to people. But human studies so far are limited. The researchers only directly tested the effect of saccharin in an uncontrolled study on just seven healthy adults over the course of a week. It is far too early to claim with any confidence that artificial sweeteners could be contributing to the diabetes "epidemic". In the interim, if you are trying to reduce your sugar intake to control your weight or diabetes, you can always try to do so without using artificial sweeteners. For example, drinking tap water is a far cheaper alternative to diet drinks. Where did the study come from? This study was carried out by researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science and other research centres in Israel. It was funded by the Weizmann Institute and the Nancy and Stephen Grand Israel National Center for Personalized Medicine, as well as grants from various research funders globally. The study was published in the peer-reviewed medical journal Nature. The Guardian covered this study well, avoiding sensationalising the results. The paper and other media outlets, including the Daily Mail, included balanced quotes from various experts that highlight the study's limitations. However, The Guardia Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Could Raise Risk Of Diabetes | Daily Mail Online
At the end of the two weeks, subjects underwent tests of their glucose response, blood sugar levels, and levels of insulin and gut peptides. How tea and coffee 'help women with diabetes live longer' Women with diabetes who drink a cup of tea or coffee a day can expect to live a longer life, research suggests. Experts found that regular caffeine consumption was linked to women living longer compared to those who drank no caffeine at all. The research, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting in Lisbon, found no such association between caffeine and men with diabetes. Experts from the University of Porto looked at caffeine and death rates in more than 3,000 men and women with diabetes. The people in the study reported their caffeine intake from coffee, tea, and soft drinks over 24 hours at the point they enrolled in the research. They were the tracked for the following 11 years. The researchers found that women who consumed the equivalent of one cup coffee a day were 51 per cent less likely to die during the 11 years, increasing to 57 per cent for those two cups, and 66 per cent for more. Analysis showed that coffee-drinking was linked to a lower risk of death from any cause, particularly cardiovascular disease, while women who consumed more caffeine from tea appeared to be less likely to die from cancer. The authors said: 'Our study showed a dose-dependent protective effect of caffeine consumption on all-cause mortality among women. 'The effect on mortality appears to depend on the source of caffeine, with a protective effect of coffee consumption on all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality, and a protective effect of caffeine from tea on cancer mortality among women with diabetes. 'However, our observational study cannot pr Continue reading >>
Could Artificial Sweeteners Raise Diabetes Risk?
Could Artificial Sweeteners Raise Diabetes Risk? Small study suggests these products might somehow inhibit blood sugar control THURSDAY, Sept. 14, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- A small Australian study suggests that consuming high amounts of artificial sweeteners might affect how the body responds to sugar -- and might raise a person's risk of diabetes . "This study supports the concept that artificial sweeteners could reduce the body's control of blood sugar levels ," said lead author Richard Young, an associate professor at the University of Adelaide's medical school. High sweetener intake might lead to "exaggerated" spikes in people's blood sugar levels after a meal, he explained, which over time "could predispose them to developing type 2 diabetes ." He spoke in a news release from the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Lisbon, Portugal, where the findings were to be presented on Wednesday. The study was small -- just 27 people -- and lasted just two weeks, so more research would be needed. However, the findings bring up interesting questions, said one U.S. diabetes specialist. Dr. Roubert Courgi is an endocrinologist at Southside Hospital in Bay Shore, N.Y. Reading over the Australian research, he noted that it "proved glucose [blood sugar] response is hampered" in heavy users of artificial sweeteners. "This study reaffirms that artificial sweeteners can still affect your body's response to glucose," he said. In the study, 27 healthy people were randomly picked to consume capsules containing either artificial sweeteners -- either sucralose or acesulfame-K -- or a "dummy" placebo. The capsules were taken three times a day before meals for two weeks. The total dose included in a day's worth of sweetener capsules was equal to drinking Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners May Increase Risk Of Type Two Diabetes, Finds Study
Artificial sweeteners may increase risk of type two diabetes, finds study Consuming artificial sweeteners might raise the risk of developing type two diabetes, new research suggests. The study was conducted by professors at the University of Adelaide in Australia and looked at whether ingesting significant amounts of artificial sweeteners would affect the bodys ability to control glucose levels in the blood. They recruited 27 healthy participants and gave some of them capsules containing artificial sweeteners, an amount equivalent to five cans of diet drinks. Sharing the full story, not just the headlines The capsules contained sucralose and acesulfame K and had to be taken three times a day for two weeks. Once the study was over, tests were taken which showed that those who were consuming artificial sweeteners had damaged their bodys ability to manage glucose, which could subsequently lead to developing type two diabetes in the long run. Participants blood sugar levels were obviously higher after consuming the sweeteners, whereas their gut peptides, which prevent the surge of blood glucose levels after eating and drinking, were impaired. This study supports the concept that artificial sweeteners could reduce the bodys control of blood sugar levels and highlights the potential for exaggerated post-meal glucose levels in high habitual NAS [non-caloric artificial sweeteners] users, which could predispose them to develop type 2 diabetes, the studys authors said, whose findings were presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Lisbon, Portugal. Sugar is good for your brain, says doctor More than 4 million Britons are thought to have type two diabetes, Diabetes UK reports. Though experts have cited the results as "interesting", some have said that the Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Are Tied To Long-term Weight Gain, Diabetes Risk, Canadian Docs Say
You may be reaching for artificial sweeteners thinking they’re better for you because they have zero calories in drinks, candies and other processed goods. But new Canadian research published Monday suggests that artificial sweeteners, such as aspartame, sucralose and stevia, may be doing more harm than good. Scientists out of the University of Manitoba are warning that they may be tied to long-term weight gain, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease. “There might be adverse effects of these sweeteners and there certainly isn’t strong evidence they’re beneficial. It might be a good idea to avoid [artificial sweeteners],” Dr. Meghan Azad, a University of Manitoba professor and the study’s lead author, told Global News. “Caution is warranted until the long-term health effects of artificial sweeteners are fully characterized,” Azad said. READ MORE: Is diet soda adding to your belly fat? For her research, Azad and her team conducted a systematic review — they zeroed in on 37 studies that followed over 400,000 people for an average of 10 years. (Keep in mind, only seven of these studies were randomized control trials — the gold standard in clinical research.) Turns out, Azad picked up on patterns. Across the board in the studies, those who consumed more artificial sweeteners faced a “slight” increased risk of metabolic syndrome, which is a cluster of conditions from excess body fat around the waist, increased blood pressure to abnormal cholesterol. They had “relatively higher” risks of weight gain, obesity, high blood pressure, and heart disease from heart attacks to strokes. READ MORE: Could sugar substitutes cause diabetes? Diabetes cropped up in most of the studies, too. Azad suggests there is a 14 per cent increased risk of t Continue reading >>
The Relationship Between Diabetes And Sweeteners
Artificial sweeteners are always a “hot topic” and many people tend to have strong feelings about them, one way or another. It seems like every other month we get a report on the latest study on what artificial sweeteners do or don’t do to us. The data alternates between saying artificial sweeteners are good for us or they are going to kill us – so which is it? It can be hard to know what to believe and what to do, especially if you have diabetes and see artificial sweeteners as a healthy alternative. They seem like a great option for lowering calories and carbohydrates, but are they too good to be true? Let’s look at some of the claims, myths and facts related to artificial sweeteners. We’ll start with the basics. The Background and the Basics Artificial sweeteners, also called sugar substitutes, were originally created to help people lose weight and manage diabetes. They were thought to be a great alternative. Saccharin was the first artificial sweetener, accidentally discovered by scientists at John’s Hopkins. Eventually there were concerns over the safety of saccharin based on studies done in rodents. Even though the FDA was leaning toward banning it, but they didn’t, and it was partially because of consumer uproar over that possibility. The final ruling was that saccharin was only required to have a warning label about cancer, but could remain on the market. In 2000, the warning label was removed because they could only prove its carcinogenic affect in rodents and not in humans. You will still find saccharin “the pink packet” on the market today. Now, we have a total of 8 sugar substitutes. There are two different kinds, nutritive and non-nutritive. Nutritive means it adds to the caloric value of food and it contains more than 2% of the amount o Continue reading >>
Can Artificial Sweeteners Affect Your Diabetes Risk?
Can Artificial Sweeteners Affect Your Diabetes Risk? A new review finds some association between artificial sweeteners and your risk of certain diseases, including type 2 diabetes. Sign Up for Our Living with Diabetes Newsletter Thanks for signing up! You might also like these other newsletters: Sign up for more FREE Everyday Health newsletters . Those stevia and sucralose packets may help sweeten your coffee without adding to your carb count, but could they be sneakily hurting your health as well? A newreview, published in July 2017 in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, suggests they might be. Researchers at the University of Manitoba looked at 37 studies on artificial sweeteners published between 1979 and 2016, which included more than 400,000 participants combined. The results? Artificial sweeteners did not appear to have a major effect on body mass index (BMI), and were associated with a modest increase in risk for diseases like obesity , hypertension , and type 2 diabetes . The study builds on previous reviews, such as a review published in April 2016 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine and a review published in September 2014 in the British Journal of Nutrition , which found conflicting evidence that artificially sweetened beverages might be linked to a risk of type 2 diabetes. More research is needed to confirm these findings. I would acknowledge right away that the evidence currently available is conflicting, and we need to do more research before we draw more conclusions, says Meghan Azad, the lead author of the new study and an assistant professor at the Rady Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg. In the future, researchers still need to tease out: 1. Differences between sweeteners Many studies did not specify which Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Associated With Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity
Artificial sweeteners could be linked with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, obesity and heart disease, according to a new review. The evidence has been published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, which revealed that sweeteners, while designed to aid weight loss, could actually have negative effects on metabolism, appetite and gut bacteria. However, the authors from the University of Manitoba stressed that there aren't enough long-term studies on this data and, consequently, more research is needed to prove whether this association is valid. To better understand how artificial or non-nutritive sweeteners affected health markers, scientists compared studies among adults and adolescents, studying BMI, weight and obesity, among other end points. No consistent effect was observed regarding weight loss, and in some studies sweeteners were actually associated with weight gain, increased waist circumference and higher rates of obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes and heart events. "Evidence […] does not clearly support the intended benefits of nonnutritive sweeteners for weight management, and observational data suggest that routine intake of non-nutritive sweeteners may be associated with increased BMI and cardiometabolic risk," said the researchers. The study team believes the findings call into question the benefits of artificial sweeteners for weight management, especially as so few long-term studies exist regarding their effects. "Caution is warranted until the long-term health effects of artificial sweeteners are fully characterised," said lead author Dr. Meghan Azad. "Given the widespread and increasing use of artificial sweeteners, and the current epidemic of obesity and related diseases, more research is needed to determine the long-term risks and b Continue reading >>
September 2017 | 2017 | Artificial Sweeteners Increasing Diabetes Risk In Just 14 Days | September | 2017 | News | What Doctors Don't Tell You
Artificial sweeteners increasing diabetes risk in just 14 days People pop an artificial sweetener in their drink to help prevent diabetesbut the products could instead be increasing the risk in just two weeks. Sweeteners such as sucralose seem to affect the way the body handles sugar, or glucose, in the blood. They also appear to raise glucose levels after a meal, which means the body must produce more insulin to break it down, and that's the start of a cycle that can lead to type 2 diabetes , say researchers from the Adelaide Medical School. This process can begin within 14 days of using sweeteners, the researchers discovered when they gave 27 healthy volunteers high doses of sucralose, often marketed as Splendathe equivalent of drinking 1.5 litres of diet drinkor a placebo. At the end of the two-week test, those given sweeteners saw a change in their glucose absorption, as well as their blood glucose and insulin levels. The discovery is in line with earlier research that had found that sweeteners change the bacteria in the gut which lessens the body's ability to break down glucose. Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Could Increase Type 2 Diabetes Risk In 'just Two Weeks'
14/09/2017 09:52 BST | Updated 15/09/2017 15:13 BST Artificial Sweeteners Could Increase Type 2 Diabetes Risk In 'Just Two Weeks' Switching to artificial sweeteners may seem like a great way to cut sugar from your diet, but a new study suggests it could actually increase your risk of Type 2 diabetes. The study , led by researchers at the University of Adelaide, Australia, found that consuming artificial sweeteners for just two weeks was enough to change the bodys reaction to glucose. However, its worth noting that participants in the study consumed artificial sweeteners in high volumes and more research may be needed into more moderate consumption. The researchers highlighted that previous studies have indicated that habitual consumption of large amounts of non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NAS) is associated with an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, however the underlying mechanisms for how this occurs are unknown. The latest study aimed to investigate the effects of consuming large amounts of the artificial sweeteners on the bodys response to glucose. According to the NHS , Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesnt produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level, or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced (insulin resistance). The researchers recruited 27 healthy people who were given a quantity of two different artificial sweeteners equivalent to drinking 1.5L of diet beverage per day, or an inactive placebo. These were consumed in the form of capsules taken three times a day before meals over the two-week period of the study. At the end of the two weeks, subjects had their response to glucose tested, examining glucose absorption,blood glucose, and levels of insulin and gut peptides, which limit the rise in blood glu Continue reading >>
Artificial sweeteners do not raise blood sugar levels. When used instead of sugar, artificial sweeteners help you keep within your carbohydrate goals when planning meals. Artificial sweeteners, or non-nutritive sweeteners offer the sweet taste of sugar, but have no carbohydrates or calories. Artificial sweeteners do not raise blood sugar levels. So when used instead of sugar, artificial sweeteners can help you keep within your carbohydrate goals when planning meals. And because artificial sweeteners have no calories, choosing foods made with artificial sweeteners may lower your calorie intake. Look for manufactured foods and sweeteners for the table that contain one of these 5 sugar substitutes approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration: Saccharin (Brand Name: Sweet and Low, Sugar Twin) Aspartame loses sweetness when cooked. Sucralose, acesulfame-K and saccharin can be used for baking. Look for special baking recipes for artificial sweeteners, as direct substitution for sugar might not give you the result you want. Or, try a combination of artificial sweetener and sugar in recipes to get your desired result while lowering the overall carbohydrate amount. Keep in mind that some artificial sweeteners can be sweeter than equal amounts of natural sugar. A little bit goes a long way. This naturally sweet herb has been used in other countries for centuries. It is not FDA approved for use as a sweetener, but it can be purchased as a dietary supplement in many health food stores. Stevia comes in powder, liquid and tablet form. It doesnt provide calories or impact blood glucose. The FDA has completed careful testing of all the artificial sweeteners. Artificial sweeteners have been shown to be safe to eat. Despite rumors of cancer causing effects of artificial sw Continue reading >>
Artificial Sweeteners Increase Diabetes Risk In Just Two Weeks
Artificial sweeteners increase diabetes risk in just two weeks Artificial sweeteners can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to new research by the University of Adelaide in Australia. The researchers aimed to investigate the effects of consuming large amounts of non-caloric artificial sweeteners (NAS) on the bodys response to glucose. Previous studies have indicated that habitual consumption of large amounts of NAS is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, however the underlying mechanisms for how this occurs are unknown. They recruited 27 healthy subjects who were given a quantity of two different NAS (sucralose and acesulfame-K) equivalent to drinking 1.5 litres of a diet soft drink per day, or an inactive placebo. At the end of the two week study period, subjects had their response to glucose tested, examining glucose absorption, plasma glucose, and levels of insulin and gut peptides. The researchers found that NAS supplementation caused an increase in measures of the bodys response to glucose, measured using a technique known as the incremental area under the curve (iAUC). This was greater for both glucose absorption and blood glucose. None of these measures were altered in those subjects who were given a placebo. The study determined that just 2 weeks of NAS supplementation was enough to enhance glucose absorption and increase the magnitude of the response of blood glucose as a result. The studys lead author,Professor Richard Young, said: This study supports the concept that artificial sweeteners could reduce the bodys control of blood sugar levels and highlights the potential for exaggerated post-meal glucose levels in high habitual NAS users, which could predispose them to developing type 2 diabetes. Continue reading >>