[disorders Of Lipid Metabolism In Diabetes Mellitus].
[Disorders of lipid metabolism in diabetes mellitus]. II. Medizinischen Abteilung, Allgemeinen Krankenhauses der Stadt Linz. Diabetes mellitus is the most frequent endogenous cause of fat metabolism-disorder. In diabetics the risk for arteriosclerosis is significantly higher and the clinical significance of hyperlipidemia should be estimated more serious as in non-diabetics. The predominant abnormality of fat metabolism in diabetes is hypertriglyceridemia due to an increase of triglyceride-carrying lipoproteins, the chylomicrons and the very-low-density lipoproteins. In type I-diabetics the decisive pathogenetic factor for hypertriglyceridemia is the impaired degradation of VLDL and the reduced chylomicron-clearance, caused by decreased activity of the lipoproteinlipase. In ketoacidosis there is an additional increase in hepatic VLDL-triglyceride-production due to increased lipolysis with elevated free-fatty-acid flux. Total cholesterol in type I-diabetics is only significantly elevated when metabolic control is poor, low-density lipoprotein (LDL-)-cholesterol-levels can be increased and high-density lipoprotein (HDL-)cholesterol decreased in dependence on the metabolic control. I Continue reading >>