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1000 Mg Metformin Er

A Ci= Confidence Interval B Extended-release Metformin Was Clinically Similar To Immediate-release Metformin Based On The Pre-defined

A Ci= Confidence Interval B Extended-release Metformin Was Clinically Similar To Immediate-release Metformin Based On The Pre-defined

Page 1 of 22 Metformin Hydrochloride Extended-Release Tablets 500 mg and 1000 mg Rx only DESCRIPTION Metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablets contain an oral antihyperglycemic drug used in the management of type 2 diabetes. Metformin hydrochloride (N, N- dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride) is a member of the biguanide class of oral antihyperglycemics and is not chemically or pharmacologically related to any other class of oral antihyperglycemic agents. The empirical formula of metformin hydrochloride is C4H11N5•HCl and its molecular weight is 165.63. Its structural formula is: Metformin hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline powder that is freely soluble in water and is practically insoluble in acetone, ether, and chloroform. The pKa of metformin is 12.4. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution of metformin hydrochloride is 6.68. Metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablets are designed for once-a-day oral administration and deliver 500 mg or 1000 mg of metformin hydrochloride. In addition to the active ingredient metformin hydrochloride, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: ammonio methacrylate copolymer type A, ammonio methacrylate copolymer type B, colloidal silicone dioxide, crospovidone, dibutyl sebacate, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and povidone. USP dissolution test for metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablet is pending. SYSTEM COMPONENTS AND PERFORMANCE Metformin hydrochloride extended-release tablet is designed for once-a-day oral administration using the swellable matrix coated with a permeable membrane technology. The tablet is similar in appearance to other film-coated oral administered tablets but it consists of a swellable active core formulation that is coated Continue reading >>

Metformin Extended Release Tablets

Metformin Extended Release Tablets

Generic Name: metformin hydrochloride Dosage Form: tablet, extended release Metformin Extended Release Tablets Description Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP are an oral antihyperglycemic drug used in the management of type 2 diabetes. Metformin hydrochloride (N,N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride) is not chemically or pharmacologically related to any other classes of oral antihyperglycemic agents. The structural formula is as shown: Metformin hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline compound with a molecular formula of C4H11N5· HCl and a molecular weight of 165.63. Metformin hydrochloride is freely soluble in water and is practically insoluble in acetone, ether, and chloroform. The pKa of metformin is 12.4. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution of metformin hydrochloride is 6.68. Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP contain 500 mg of metformin hydrochloride USP as the active ingredient. Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP 500 mg contain the inactive ingredients sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, hypromellose and magnesium stearate. Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP 500 mg meets USP dissolution Test 3. System Components and Performance- Metformin hydrochloride extended release tablets USP comprises a swellable matrix system. In the aqueous gastrointestinal (GI) environment, the dosage form swells remarkably thereby increasing in size and geometry from where drug is released slowly by a process of diffusion through the gel matrix that is essentially independent of pH. The hydrated polymer system is not rigid and is expected to be broken up by normal peristalsis in the GI tract. The biologically inert components of the tablet may occasionally remain intact during GI transit and will be Continue reading >>

Glucophage

Glucophage

GLUCOPHAGE® (metformin hydrochloride) Tablets GLUCOPHAGE® XR (metformin hydrochloride) Extended-Release Tablets DESCRIPTION GLUCOPHAGE® (metformin hydrochloride) Tablets and GLUCOPHAGE® XR (metformin hydrochloride) Extended-Release Tablets are oral antihyperglycemic drugs used in the management of type 2 diabetes. Metformin hydrochloride (N,N-dimethylimidodicarbonimidic diamide hydrochloride) is not chemically or pharmacologically related to any other classes of oral antihyperglycemic agents. The structural formula is as shown: Metformin hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline compound with a molecular formula of C4H11N5 HCl and a molecular weight of 165.63. Metformin hydrochloride is freely soluble in water and is practically insoluble in acetone, ether, and chloroform. The pK of metformin is 12.4. The pH of a 1% aqueous solution of metformin hydrochloride is 6.68. GLUCOPHAGE tablets contain 500 mg, 850 mg, or 1000 mg of metformin hydrochloride. Each tablet contains the inactive ingredients povidone and magnesium stearate. In addition, the coating for the 500 mg and 850 mg tablets contains hypromellose and the coating for the 1000 mg tablet contains hypromellose and polyethylene glycol. GLUCOPHAGE XR contains 500 mg or 750 mg of metformin hydrochloride as the active ingredient. GLUCOPHAGE XR 500 mg tablets contain the inactive ingredients sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, and magnesium stearate. GLUCOPHAGE XR 750 mg tablets contain the inactive ingredients sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, hypromellose, and magnesium stearate. System Components And Performance GLUCOPHAGE XR comprises a dual hydrophilic polymer matrix system. Metformin hydrochloride is combined with a drug release controlling polymer to form an “inne Continue reading >>

Pay Attention To Your Metformin Hcl Er Diabetes Costs

Pay Attention To Your Metformin Hcl Er Diabetes Costs

If you examine your claims data, you’ll likely discover that among your “Top 50 Most Expensive Drugs” is a line item for generic “metformin HCL ER”. Metformin HCL is a longstanding, very inexpensive diabetes treatment. And ER stands for “extended release”. There are metformin HCL ER treatments that are very inexpensive. So the question is: Why would this line item be among your “Top 50” most expensive drugs? The answer: There are certain generic forms of metformin HCL ER that are absurdly expensive, while others bear the low-costs that you’d expect. But it’s reasonably likely that many (if not most) of your beneficiaries are unknowingly using the high-cost forms of this drug. To help you understand what is taking place, we provide you with the following Chart, reflecting, first, the “immediate release” version of metformin, and then the 3 “extended release” generic versions of this drug. Our 3 columns for each drug identify each of the dosage strengths, the GSN identifiers, and the per ‘unit’ cost based on current retail Average Acquisition Costs (AACs). Focus in particular on the far right column, reflecting the per unit AACs (reported average retail acquisition costs): Metformin (immediate release): The reference drug is Glucophage: · 500 mg 13318 $0.0141 · 850 mg 16441 $0.023 · 1,000 mg 40974 $0.0234 (i) Metformin ER: The reference drug is Glucophage XR: · 500 mg 46754 $0.0395 · 750 mg 52080 $0.0526 (ii) Metformin OSM: The reference drug is Fortamet: · 500 mg 54019 $5.2278 · 1,000 mg 54018 $10.9621 (iii) Metformin ER: The reference drug is Glumetza: · 500 mg 61267 $36.2147 · 1,000 mg 61273 $83.3821 As you can see, there are big differences in cost – per unit – for the generic versions of Fortamet and Glumetza! Thus, it Continue reading >>

Glucophage Sr 500mg, 750mg And 1000mg Prolonged Release Tablets

Glucophage Sr 500mg, 750mg And 1000mg Prolonged Release Tablets

Glucophage SR 500mg, 750mg and 1000mg prolonged release tablets This information is intended for use by health professionals Glucophage SR 500 mg prolonged release tablets Glucophage SR 750 mg prolonged release tablets Glucophage SR 1000 mg prolonged release tablets 2. Qualitative and quantitative composition 500 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 500mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 390 mg metformin base. 750 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 750 mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 585 mg metformin base. 1000 mg: One prolonged release tablet contains 1000 mg metformin hydrochloride corresponding to 780 mg metformin base. For the full list of excipients, see section 6.1. 500 mg: White to off-white, round, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '500'. 750 mg: White capsule-shaped, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '750' and on the other side with 'Merck'. 1000 mg: White to off-white capsule-shaped, biconvex tablet, debossed on one side with '1000' and on the other side with 'MERCK'. Reduction in the risk or delay of the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adult, overweight patients with IGT* and/or IFG*, and/or increased HbA1C who are: - at high risk for developing overt type 2 diabetes mellitus (see section 5.1) and - still progressing towards type 2 diabetes mellitus despite implementation of intensive lifestyle change for 3 to 6 months Treatment with Glucophage SR must be based on a risk score incorporating appropriate measures of glycaemic control and including evidence of high cardiovascular risk (see section 5.1). Lifestyle modifications should be continued when metformin is initiated, unless the patient is unable to do so because of medical reasons. *IGT: Impaired Glucose Tolerance; IFG: Impaired Fasting Glucose Trea Continue reading >>

The Hugely Inflated Prices Of Glumetza And Metformin Er

The Hugely Inflated Prices Of Glumetza And Metformin Er

I have been taking metformin (Glucophage) for about three years. My doctor recommended it since my A1c reading had been climbing from about 5.5 to 6.3% over a two-year period. There is also a history of Type 2 diabetes on the paternal side of my family. Metformin caused me some stomach upset so I switched to Glumetza, a coated form of the same drug, Glucophage, a standard treatment for diabetes that has been available in the United States since 1995. I have excellent insurance coverage and receive all my medications in the most economical form, three month prescriptions delivered by mail. On February 6th, Caremark mail service called to tell me there was a prescription coming for which I would have to sign. I told the caller that it was fine to leave it at the door. The Caremark representative said that was not possible since it was a high-value prescription. The prescription came the next day, I signed for it, and I checked the invoice only because the person on the phone had told me it was a “high-value prescription” and I knew it was only metformin. When I looked at the bottom of the invoice I noticed that the listed price was $14,020.87. My co-pay was $40.00 I called Caremark to tell them about the computer error. I didn’t think it was possible that metformin cost $14,020.87. I was even more certain that this was a computer error because the prescription was not Glumetza, but a generic, metformin ER. It was no error. And it was a generic prescription. The brand name Glumetza, sold for over $16,000 for a three-month supply. I was even more stunned than angry and I began to check around. I was about seven months late to the Glumetza story. Probably many of you followed the sale of Glumetza in 2015 to the now notorious Valeant Pharmaceuticals. By the time I reach Continue reading >>

Metformin Er 1,000 Mg Tablet,extended Release 24hr

Metformin Er 1,000 Mg Tablet,extended Release 24hr

Rarely, too much metformin can build up in the body and cause a serious (sometimes fatal) condition called lactic acidosis. Lactic acidosis is more likely if you are an older adult, if you have kidney or liver disease, dehydration, heart failure, heavy alcohol use, if you have surgery, if you have X-ray or scanning procedures that use iodinated contrast, or if you are using certain drugs. For some conditions, your doctor may tell you to stop taking this medication for a short time. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for more details.Stop taking this medication and get medical help right away if you have any symptoms of lactic acidosis, such as unusual tiredness, dizziness, severe drowsiness, chills, blue/cold skin, muscle pain, fast/difficult breathing, slow/irregular heartbeat, or stomach pain with nausea/vomiting/diarrhea. Metformin is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other medications to control high blood sugar. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by helping to restore your body's proper response to the insulin you naturally produce. It also decreases the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that your stomach/intestines absorb. This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to prevent d Continue reading >>

Diabetes Drugs: Metformin

Diabetes Drugs: Metformin

Editor’s Note: This is the second post in our miniseries about diabetes drugs. Tune in on August 21 for the next installment. Metformin (brand names Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Riomet, Fortamet, Glumetza) is a member of a class of medicines known as biguanides. This type of medicine was first introduced into clinical practice in the 1950’s with a drug called phenformin. Unfortunately, phenformin was found to be associated with lactic acidosis, a serious and often fatal condition, and was removed from the U.S. market in 1977. This situation most likely slowed the approval of metformin, which was not used in the U.S. until 1995. (By comparison, metformin has been used in Europe since the 1960’s.) The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) required large safety studies of metformin, the results of which demonstrated that the development of lactic acidosis as a result of metformin therapy is very rare. (A finding that has been confirmed in many other clinical trials to date.) Of note, the FDA officer involved in removing phenformin from the market recently wrote an article highlighting the safety of metformin. Metformin works primarily by decreasing the amount of glucose made by the liver. It does this by activating a protein known as AMP-activated protein kinase, or AMPK. This protein acts much like an “energy sensor,” setting off cellular activities that result in glucose storage, enhanced entry of glucose into cells, and decreased creation of fatty acids and cholesterol. A secondary effect of the enhanced entry of glucose into cells is improved glucose uptake and increased storage of glycogen (a form of glucose) by the muscles. Additionally, the decrease in fatty acid levels brought about by metformin may indirectly improve insulin resistance and beta cell func Continue reading >>

Metformin Hcl 1000mg Er For $7,000+ / Month?!?

Metformin Hcl 1000mg Er For $7,000+ / Month?!?

There is something terribly wrong with Pharmaceutical pricing in our country. Pharmaceutical costs continue to spiral out of control. I have a client ("Susie") who is starting on Medicare for 10/1/2017. A few weeks ago when we reviewed her Prescription costs, she was taking Metformin HCL 1000mg, which is only about $6.50/month retail cost. This is a very reasonable price for a generic drug used to treat a chronic condition like Type 2 diabetes. ​ Recently, Susie had been having some stomach discomfort with the Metformin 1000 HCL so her doctor prescribed her same medication in an Extended Release (ER) form (Metformin HCL 1000mg ER) to minimize the impact on her stomach. On Susie's current group health insurance plan, her copay for the new medication (Metformin HCL 1000mg ER) went up from about $5/month to $30 per month. This was manageable and well worth it since the ER pills reduced/eliminated her stomach discomfort. Last week, Susie notified me of her medication change (from Metformin HCL 1000 mg to Metformin HCL ER 1000mg), so we could re-run her Part D analysis before she goes on Medicare for 10/1/2017. I was absolutely shocked when I updated her medication list on Medicare.gov and saw: (a) the Metformin HCL ER 1000mg was not covered on her Part D formulary (b) the monthly retail cost for the Metformin HCL ER 1000mg was $7,000+ per month!! I figured this had to be a mistake. I called Humana (her Part D Plan) to see what the cost would be for this Metformin ER 1000mg if Susie applied for an Exception to the formulary. The Humana representative said she could probably get an exception to the formulary due to the side effects with the regular Metformin HCL 1000mg. However, Humana is unable to tell us what the cost of the Metformin ER 1000mg will be since it is not lis Continue reading >>

Metformin, Oral Tablet

Metformin, Oral Tablet

Metformin oral tablet is available as both a generic and brand-name drug. Brand names: Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and Glumetza. Metformin is also available as an oral solution but only in the brand-name drug Riomet. Metformin is used to treat high blood sugar levels caused by type 2 diabetes. FDA warning: Lactic acidosis warning This drug has a Black Box Warning. This is the most serious warning from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). A black box warning alerts doctors and patients to potentially dangerous effects. Lactic acidosis is a rare but serious side effect of this drug. In this condition, lactic acid builds up in your blood. This is a medical emergency that requires treatment in the hospital. Lactic acidosis is fatal in about half of people who develop it. You should stop taking this drug and call your doctor right away or go to the emergency room if you have signs of lactic acidosis. Symptoms include tiredness, weakness, unusual muscle pain, trouble breathing, unusual sleepiness, stomach pains, nausea (or vomiting), dizziness (or lightheadedness), and slow or irregular heart rate. Alcohol use warning: You shouldn’t drink alcohol while taking this drug. Alcohol can affect your blood sugar levels unpredictably and increase your risk of lactic acidosis. Kidney problems warning: If you have moderate to severe kidney problems, you have a higher risk of lactic acidosis. You shouldn’t take this drug. Liver problems warning: Liver disease is a risk factor for lactic acidosis. You shouldn’t take this drug if you have liver problems. Metformin oral tablet is a prescription drug that’s available as the brand name drugs Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Fortamet, and Glumetza. Glucophage is an immediate-release tablet. All of the other brands are extended-r Continue reading >>

The Slower The Better

The Slower The Better

Endocrine Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy Department of Biomedical Experimental and Clinical Sciences, University of Florence, Obesity Agency, Careggi University Hospital, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50134 Florence, Italy C. M. Rotella, Email: [email protected] . Received 2014 Jan 20; Accepted 2014 Feb 27. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A new formulation of metformin: metformin extended-release (ER) is now available, with different formulations in each country and it appears relevant to discuss the management of this drug in clinical practice. Metformin, an oral biguanide hypoglycemic agent, is an efficacious tool in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metformin’s efficacy, security profile, benefic cardiovascular and metabolic effects make this drug as the first agent of choice in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, together with lifestyle modifications [ 1 ]. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by impaired insulin secretion and insulin resistance. Insulin resistance in the fasting state induces an increase in hepatic gluconeogenesis and induces hyperglycemia in the early morning. Metformin, as its major effect, decreases hepatic glucose output lowering fasting glycaemia and, secondarily, it increases glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. It is generally well tolerated, despite the fact that the most common adverse effects are gastrointestinal ones, which may be tampered by dose titration. In monotherapy metformin decreases HbA1c levels by 0.6–1.0 % and this is not accompanied by hypoglycemia in the large majority of patients. Metformin is neutral with respect to weight or, possibly, induces a modest weight loss. The UKPDS has demonstrated a beneficial effect of metformin therapy on CVD outcomes [ 2 ]. Severe renal dysfunc Continue reading >>

Metformin Hydrochloride: Oral Tablet, Extended Release (1000mg)

Metformin Hydrochloride: Oral Tablet, Extended Release (1000mg)

What is this Medicine? METFORMIN (met FOR min) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar. Treatment is combined with diet and exercise. This medicine can be used alone or with other medicines for diabetes. Generic 94.28%Brand 5.72% *Brand contains same active ingredient but may not represent FDA-approved generic equivalent 750mg1000mg500mg Ingredients Close All Sections Reported Side Effects for Metformin Hydrochloride 1000mg Extended-Release Tablet Close Elements of your daily lifestyle may have an effect on the medications you are taking. Drug interactions can result in unwanted side effects, reduce the effectiveness of your medicine or possibly increase the action of a particular medicine. Close All Interactions Close If you use tobacco or are trying to quit tobacco use, you may need to monitor your blood sugar more frequently. Nicotine, a component of tobacco, can increase the blood sugar. Also, if you are trying to quit smoking, as your body adjusts to not smoking, your blood sugar levels may change; the actions of Antidiabetic Agents (medicines used to treat diabetes) may be increased and this could lead to low blood sugar. Know the symptoms of low or high blood sugar and report them if they occur. Monitor your blood sugar regularly. Close Class B - Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester. Class B - Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. OR Animal studies have shown an adve Continue reading >>

Metformin Vs Metformin (mod Vs Osm): What’s The Difference?

Metformin Vs Metformin (mod Vs Osm): What’s The Difference?

Metformin and extended release metformin are used in type 2 diabetes to improve glycemic control in combination with diet and exercise. What are the advantages of extended release metformin? The extended release tablets are taken ONCE DAILY due to their slow release of the medication throughout the day. Extended release tablets are also easier on the stomach which is important for compliance when first starting a new medication. Fortamet and Glumetza are both extended release metformin options, but because the way they release metformin over time is different, they aren’t equivalent to each other. Glumetza is the MOD metformin product. So what does MOD stand for? MOD stands for modified release. Glumetza utilizes advanced polymer delivery technology known as AcuForm® (for the 500 mg tablet) and Smartcoat® (for the 1000 mg tablet). It delivers the metformin to the site of absorption, the duodenum, over a time span of 8 – 9 hours. The tablet then remains in the stomach for an extended period until all of the active drug is released. Does Glumetza have a generic? No. Glumetza does not currently have a substitutable generic equivalent. What is the MAX dose and available strengths of Glumetza? Glumetza comes in 500 mg and 1000 mg extended release tablets, with a max dose of 2000 mg per day. Fortamet is the OSM metformin product. So what does OSM stand for? OSM stands for osmotic release. Fortamet (and its generic equivalents) use single-composition osmotic technology. When you swallow the tablet, water is taken up through the membrane of the pill, which in turn dissolves the drug in the core so it can exit through the laser drilled ports in the membrane. The rate of drug delivery is constant, and will continue as long as there is undissolved drug present in the core ta Continue reading >>

Proper Use

Proper Use

Drug information provided by: Micromedex This medicine usually comes with a patient information insert. Read the information carefully and make sure you understand it before taking this medicine. If you have any questions, ask your doctor. Carefully follow the special meal plan your doctor gave you. This is a very important part of controlling your condition, and is necessary if the medicine is to work properly. Also, exercise regularly and test for sugar in your blood or urine as directed. Metformin should be taken with meals to help reduce stomach or bowel side effects that may occur during the first few weeks of treatment. Swallow the extended-release tablet whole with a full glass of water. Do not crush, break, or chew it. While taking the extended-release tablet, part of the tablet may pass into your stool after your body has absorbed the medicine. This is normal and nothing to worry about. Measure the oral liquid with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup. The average household teaspoon may not hold the right amount of liquid. Use only the brand of this medicine that your doctor prescribed. Different brands may not work the same way. You may notice improvement in your blood glucose control in 1 to 2 weeks, but the full effect of blood glucose control may take up to 2 to 3 months. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about this. Dosing The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the Continue reading >>

Metformin Vs Metformin Er

Metformin Vs Metformin Er

I'm seeing quite a few posts on BBSes from people who are having problems with metformin because of side effects that could be eliminated if they were taking the extended release form of this drug. For some reason, many family doctors don't seem to be aware that there is a ER version of this drug that has such benefits. This is probably because metformin is a cheap generic and isn't promoted by herds of beautiful ex-cheerleaders turned drug company salespushers who "educate" doctors about far more expensive--and less effective--newer drugs. Here are the facts: Metformin (also sold under the brand name Glucophage) comes in a regular version which is taken at meal time, three times a day, and an extended release form (marketed as ER or XR) which is taken once a day. Almost always, when people report diarrhea or intense heartburn with metformin, they are taking regular version. I experienced the heartburn on the regular drug. It was very disturbing because the pain was localized over my heart and felt just like the description of a heart attack you read in articles. My doctor assured me it was coming from the metformin, but that didn't make it any easier to live with because I kept wondering how, if I were having a real heart attack, I'd know it wasn't a pain from the drug? The ER version releases the drug more slowly and this usually eliminates the gastrointestinal problems. The trade off with taking the ER form is that the amount of blood sugar lowering you see might be a bit less than with the regular form as the drug acts in a slower smoother fashion rather than hitting all at once. But if you can't take the regular at all drug because of the side effects, the slight weakening in effect is a reasonable trade off. Plus, you only have to remember to take one dose rather Continue reading >>

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