What Is The Average Sugar Level

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A1c Test

Print Overview The A1C test is a common blood test used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes and then to gauge how well you're managing your diabetes. The A1C test goes by many other names, including glycated hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin, hemoglobin A1C and HbA1c. The A1C test result reflects your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Specifically, the A1C test measures what percentage of your hemoglobin — a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen — is coated with sugar (glycated). The higher your A1C level, the poorer your blood sugar control and the higher your risk of diabetes complications. Why it's done An international committee of experts from the American Diabetes Association, the European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation, recommend that the A1C test be the primary test used to diagnose prediabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. After a diabetes diagnosis, the A1C test is used to monitor your diabetes treatment plan. Since the A1C test measures your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months instead of your blood sugar level at a specific point in time, it is a be Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. JV

    I'm confused. At my yearly appt, my fasting glucose was 130. Last year it was 125. So my Dr has prescribed med, given me a blood tester and set me up with a dietitian. I've checked my blood for 3 mornings and the highest it's been is 109. After meals it's 135. From what I read, those are pretty normal levels. Do I really have a pre diabetes?

  2. mollythed

    Yes, the fasting glucose numbers do show diabetes. As a matter of fact, if last year's number had been just one point higher, at 126, your doctor would be saying you had full-blown diabetes. It really doesn't take too much thought, or too much careful watching of what we eat when we first begin to show signs of diabetes to bring our numbers back down to the normal range.
    If you didn't have prediabetes, your numbers would be down below 100 first thing in the morning, and down much closer to 100 a couple hours after a meal.
    There is a gradual increase in the damage we are doing to ourselves when blood glucose levels begin to rise.The kind of damage to blood vessel, and the damage that is done to nerves when blood vessels are starting to fail, begins to show up before we are diagnosed with diabetes. It even gradually begins before prediabetes. Our goal shouldn't be just to keep blood glucose low enough to scrape by some arbitrary point that describes diabetes or prediabetes, but to keep blood glucose levels consistently down in the normal range, or as close as we can, no matter where we start out,. That gives us the best results in the long run.

  3. JV

    Thank you so much for the explanation. There's so much to learn but I'm going to do my best to be healthy.

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