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What Happens To Your Body When You Have Diabetes?

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What Happens When Diabetic Eats Sugar?

Whether eating sugary food or just plain bread, the body breaks them down and converts them into glucose, or simple sugar, because the body primarily uses this form of energy. In diabetics, the body lacks enough insulin to help absorb glucose in the bloodstream, or doesn't respond to insulin at all. Glucose levels in diabetics can build up and cause health complications. Video of the Day Insulin in People without Diabetes Insulin, a hormone produced and secreted by the beta cells in the pancreas, has a special role in the regulation of glucose levels in the blood. When blood glucose levels rise above the normal concentration, the body responds by secreting insulin, which plays a significant role in relocating the glucose transporter Glut4 next to the cells for absorption of glucose, so the body can use it for energy. According to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, or NDIC, the normal glucose level in the blood of people without diabetes is between 70 to 120 mg/ dl before a meal. After a meal, the blood glucose level should rise, but should drop back to the normal range one to two hours later. Insulin in People with Type 1 Diabetes A person with type 1 diabetes has dys Continue reading >>

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  1. Kids

    What happens when you have diabetes?

    What happens when you have diabetes?
    This page will tell you about what happens when you have diabetes. Diabetes can even happen to animals like dogs and cats.
    Food powers our bodies. When we eat food it turns into glucose. This happens in our liver and gut. We use this glucose for energy.
    To make this happen, we use enzymes that come from our pancreas.
    Cells in the pancreas like little islands are called ‘islets’ and these make something called insulin.
    Our body uses insulin to move glucose from the cell walls, into our cells.
    Diabetes happens when there is not enough insulin to help the glucose turn into energy. This makes people feel sick.
    Diabetes can happen to small people, big people, and even dogs and cats!
    New words to remember:
    Enzymes, Pancreas, Islets, Insulin

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