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Urine Glucose Test Strips Colour Chart

Urine Dipstick Analysis

Urine Dipstick Analysis

Patient professional reference Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Kidney Infection (Pyelonephritis) article more useful, or one of our other health articles. Instructions All samples should be midstream and collected in a clean sterile container. Suprapubic aspiration or fresh catheter samples are ideal, but not always practical. The gold standard method of testing is to remove a small volume of urine from the sterile container with a fresh sterile syringe, and then apply the removed urine to the dipstick. In this way, the remainder of the collected sample contents remains untouched by a potentially unsterile dipstick and so can be sent for laboratory analysis if required. Hold the dipstick horizontally before reading. Available tests include the likes of Multistix® (suitable for screening for glycosuria only), Micral-Test II® or Microalbustix® (detect microalbuminuria) and the more commonly used multiple combination strips - eg, five tests on each strip (detects blood, ketones, glucose, pH and protein), or seven tests on each strip (tests for blood, ketones, glucose, pH, bilirubin, urobilinogen and protein). Costs vary depending on how many substances can be detected and on the supplier. Physical examination Colour The colour of the urine can vary greatly. Normal urine varies from colourless to dark yellow. Various factors can affect urine colour.[1] Common Causes of Urine Discolouration Colour Pathological causes Food and drug causes Brown Bile pigments, myoglobin Levodopa, metronidazole, nitrofurantoin, some antimalarial agents, fava beans Brownish-black Bile pigments, melanin, methaemoglobin Cascara, levodopa, Continue reading >>

Urine Testing

Urine Testing

You need to monitor your diabetic pet in order to keep the blood glucose regulated. The ideal way is home blood glucose testing but I have never been able to do this. I tried ear sticks, etc., But Queenie resists and my Vet said she is not afraid of insulin injections so let's keep it that way. If you are able to take blood DO IT. These are alternative methods to monitor your pet's diabetes. Watch your pet's water consumption. I feel the cup to the top so I know how much water she is drinking. Count the amount of times she urinates a day. Easy to do if it is a dog. When she is peeing I always count 1001, 1002, etc. so I know how long she pees. Check the urine for glucose and ketones. There are two kind of test strips being used by Members. Clinistix They have four readings on the bottle for glucose as follows: Negative which is pink. Light which is light purple. Medium which is medium purple. Dark which is heavy dark purple. Keto-Diastix by Bayer Closeup of the bottle chart These are reliable for four months after opening not until expiry date. They have six readings on the bottle for glucose as follows.: Blue which is negative. Pale Green which is trace or 1/10. Dark Green which is 1/4 (means positive) Light Brown which is 1/2 (means positive) Medium Brown which is 1 (means positve) Dark Brown which is 2 or more (means very positive) comparing dipped urine strip to the bottle The top is the glucose present in urine and bottom of strip is ketones present. Both are negative in this example. Timing is important I catch the urine in a cup and test when I come in the house. They have six readings on the bottle for ketones as follows: Brown which is negative. Pale Pink which is trace (5 mg/dl) Dark Pink which is small (15 mg/dl) Pale Purple which is moderate (40 mg/dl) Mediu Continue reading >>

Urine Test Strips Colours?.

Urine Test Strips Colours?.

Diabetes Forum The Global Diabetes Community Find support, ask questions and share your experiences. Join the community Hi , I am a 75 year old male with type 2 for around 10 years. I control by diet--no carbs.-- and metformin and glicklaside and my Hb1c tests are in the 6.8 area. I usually blood test twice a day before going driving in the morning and last thing at night before bed time. I have just bought a pack of Bayer Keto- Diastix urine test strips. I do not fully follow as to what colour on the glucose chart I should be aiming for---the very light green end or the mid-range or above. Help needed please ASAP. Zero carbohydrates? Wow, that's impressive. If you are on a no-carb diet then you may find that you have ketones in your blood due to your body being in a state called nutritional ketosis. However, that said - if you BGL runs high then this will only increase your ketone level, and then you run the risk of becoming seriously unwell. If it were me, I'd certinaly be aiming to be closer to the negative side of the chart. But I eat carbohydrates and therefore I expect to have a low ketone count. Zero carbohydrates? Wow, that's impressive. If you are on a no-carb diet then you may find that you have ketones in your blood due to your body being in a state called nutritional ketosis. However, that said - if you BGL runs high then this will only increase your ketone level, and then you run the risk of becoming seriously unwell. If it were me, I'd certinaly be aiming to be closer to the negative side of the chart. But I eat carbohydrates and therefore I expect to have a low ketone count. I probably mislead you by saying ''no carbs diet'' I should have said a low carb diet or putting it realistically only potatoes once a week---still love me roast on Sunday, never min Continue reading >>

Urine Glucose Testing

Urine Glucose Testing

General concept Accuracy Limitations of urine test strips Barney's example (potentially fatal mistake) A little humor How urine glucose testing works Many vets recommend urine glucose testing as a method of monitoring your pet's diabetes at home. It is simple and inexpensive. But it has some serious limitations that must be understood and taken into consideration. Urine glucose testing is based on the fact that excessive amounts of glucose in the blood will be filtered by the kidneys into the urine. Once the amount of glucose in the blood exceeds the renal threshold (180 mg/dL) , glucose is spilled into the urine. The renal threshold is the level at the kidneys can not "process" any more blood glucose and it spills into the urine. If the blood glucose is high for an extended period of time, glucose is usually present in the urine. The amount of glucose present in the urine depends on how high the blood glucose was, and how long the blood glucose was high. Urine glucose test strips like the pictures shown below are used. The test strip has a little test area at the end that is dipped into urine or held in the urine stream. After a certain amount of time, the color of the test area is compared to a reference color chart. Bayer makes several types of urine tests strips. Diastix and Clinistix test only for urine glucose. Keto-Diastix test for both glucose and ketones. The Diastix have more "levels" of glucose measurement than the Clinistix. Follow the instructions that come with your test strips, and use the reference color chart on the bottle or box. The picture shown below is just an example - the colors are NOT to be used to compare your urine test strip. The color chart tells you approximately how much glucose has spilled into your pet's urine. Note: Different test stri Continue reading >>

About Mission® Urine Reagent Strips

About Mission® Urine Reagent Strips

The Mission® Urinalysis Strips are a great tool to get insight into the patient’s overall health and their metabolic, liver and kidney functions. It is a very cost effective screening tool. The Mission® Urinalysis Strips are very reliable and have comparable performance to the market leaders. Leukocytes: The detection of white blood cells in the urine suggests a possible UTI. Expected result : Negative Nitrite: Screening for possible asymptomatic infections caused by nitrate-reducing bacteria – Suggesting a possible UTI. Note: These two parameters (Leukocytes and Nitrite) are commonly used to screen for possible Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Expected result : Negative Urobilinogen: the presence of excreted urobilinogen suggests a possible deterioration of liver functions. Urobilinogen is the breakdown product of bilirubin Expected result: less than 17 µmol/l (< 1mg/dl) Protein: This test is usually run to screen for kidney disease. Protein in the urine is called Proteinuria. Expected result: Negative pH: Measures the acidity in your urine which may be a sign of kidney stones. Your pH varies during the day going from more acid in the am to more alkaline in the pm. Expected result : Low Blood: Blood in the urine is called hematuria. A number of things can cause hematuria including UTI, Kidney infection, medication, menstruation, strenuous exercise Expected result: Negative Specific Gravity: Evaluates the body’s water balance (hydration) and urine concentration and helps evaluate kidney functions and possible kidney diseases Expected Results: low at 1,000 but normal ranges from 1.020 to 1.030 Ketone: The control of urinary ketone is useful in managing and monitoring type 1diabetes. Expected Results: Negative Bilirubin: The detection of Bilirubin in the urine is an Continue reading >>

Urine Test Strips Colour Chart

Urine Test Strips Colour Chart

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Measuring Ketosis With Ketone Strips: Are They Accurate?

Measuring Ketosis With Ketone Strips: Are They Accurate?

Many people followingketo diets want to be in ketosis , a natural state in which the body burns fat for fuel. For this reason, people are curious about whether they are doing enough (via carb restriction) to achieve this state. As a result, ketone strips are a popular tool that numerous people use as a way of measuring ketosis. And how do they compare to alternate methods of measuring ketones? Anyone following a standard high-carbohydrate diet will be burning glucose for energy. However, the body can use both carbohydrate and fat for fuel ( 1 ). When carbohydrate intake is very low, the body switches to burning fat for energy. As this happens, our body enters a state of ketosis. Ketosis is a natural biological state during which our body burns fat for fuel.While we are in ketosis, our blood levels of ketonesa by-product from the breakdown of fatsrise. Measuring these ketones (also known as ketone bodies) can, therefore, provide a hint as to how deeply our body is (or isnt) in ketosis. For this reason, ketone stripswhich measure the level of ketoneshave become increasingly popular in recent times. Key Point: Ketosis is a biological state where the human body burns fat rather than carbs. For people who want to know if theyre in ketosis, ketone test strips are a cheap and simple way of detecting ketone levels. They are otherwise known as ketone sticks and work by urinalysis to tell us the volume of acetoacetate in our urine. If you dont know what acetoacetate is, then lets start at the beginning. First of all, there are three types of ketone body; Acetoacetate is one of the two main ketone bodies, and it is present in urine. We can test for it by using ketone strips. Beta-hydroxybutyrate is created from acetoacetate, and it is the second of the main ketone bodies. This ke Continue reading >>

Urine Test Strip

Urine Test Strip

A urine test strip or dipstick test is a basic diagnostic tool used to determine pathological changes in a patient’s urine in standard urinalysis.[1] A standard urine test strip may comprise up to 10 different chemical pads or reagents which react (change color) when immersed in, and then removed from, a urine sample. The test can often be read in as little as 60 to 120 seconds after dipping, although certain tests require longer. Routine testing of the urine with multiparameter strips is the first step in the diagnosis of a wide range of diseases. The analysis includes testing for the presence of proteins, glucose, ketones, haemoglobin, bilirubin, urobilinogen, acetone, nitrite and leucocytes as well as testing of pH and specific gravity or to test for infection by different pathogens.[2] Urine test strip Leukocytes Nitrite Urobilinogen Protein pH Haemoglobin Specific gravity Ketone Bilirubin Glucose The test strips consist of a ribbon made of plastic or paper of about 5 millimetre wide, plastic strips have pads impregnated with chemicals that react with the compounds present in urine producing a characteristic colour. For the paper strips the reactants are absorbed directly onto the paper. Paper strips are often specific to a single reaction (e.g. pH measurement), while the strips with pads allow several determinations simultaneously.[2] There are strips which serve different purposes, such as qualitative strips that only determine if the sample is positive or negative, or there are semi-quantitative ones that in addition to providing a positive or negative reaction also provide an estimation of a quantitative result, in the latter the colour reactions are approximately proportional to the concentration of the substance being tested for in the sample.[2] The reading Continue reading >>

Testing

Testing

There are a range of tests which will need to be done to monitor your health and your diabetes. Some of these, such as your blood glucose levels, you will be able to do yourself. Others will be done by healthcare professionals. Self-monitoring of blood glucose can be a beneficial part of diabetes management. As part of the day-to-day routine it can help with necessary lifestyle and treatment choices as well as help to monitor for symptoms of hypo- or hyperglycaemia. Monitoring can also help you and your healthcare team to alter treatment which in turn can help prevent any long-term complications from developing. Some people with diabetes (but not all) will test their blood glucose levels at home. Home blood glucose testing gives an accurate picture of your blood glucose level at the time of the test. It involves pricking the side of your finger (as opposed to the pad) with a finger-pricking device and putting a drop of blood on a testing strip. Some people can't see the point of testing as they think they know by the way they feel, but the way you feel is not always a good or accurate guide to what is happening. Blood glucose targets It is important that the blood glucose levels being aimed for are as near normal as possible (that is in the range of those of a person who does not have diabetes). These are: 3.5–5.5mmol/l* before meals less than 8mmol/l, two hours after meals. There are many different opinions about the ideal range to aim for. As this is so individual to each person, the target levels must be agreed between the person and their diabetes team. The target blood glucose ranges below are indicated as a guide. Children with Type 1 diabetes (NICE 2015) on waking and before meals: 4–7mmol/l after meals: 5–9mmol/l.after meals: 5–9mmol/l. Adults with Type Continue reading >>

Checking Urine Glucose And Ketones

Checking Urine Glucose And Ketones

-UNIQUE1-Urine_glucose_test_EQUIP_ANI_EN-UNIQUE2- Urinary ketones are checked by dipping a chemically treated strip in a fresh sample of urine. The colour change is then compared to a chart. A purple colour means ketones are in the urine. Ketones are a sign that too much fat has broken down in the body. There may be a number of causes, such as too little insulin or the stress of an illness.Ketones are a cause for concern if they are present when the blood glucose is high (greater than 14 mmol/L or 250 mg/dL). the blood sugar level is over 14 mmol/L (250 mg/dL) for 3 readings in a row your child is feeling ill, has a fever, or has vomited your child has symptoms of high blood sugar, such as increased thirst and urination the diabetes team asks you to check for ketones, perhaps when the insulin dose is being adjusted Have strips at home for ketone checking at all times. Make sure that the strips have not expired by checking the expiration date on the bottle. The bottle should be kept closed. Once the bottle is open, the strips must be used within 6 months. Note that strips are available to check for glucose as well as ketones in the urine. Follow the instructions on the package carefully, and ask your health care team for help if the instructions are not clear. Sugar in the urine is usually checked only as a back-up to checking blood sugar, or to screen other family members. A chemically treated strip is dipped briefly into a fresh urine sample. The strip will change colour. After a certain period of time the strip will be compared with a colour chart on the box. A urine check showing no sugar means that when the urine was made the blood sugar level was below the renal (kidney) threshold (about 8.0 to 12.0 mmol/L, or 145 to 220 mg/dL).A urine check showing sugar means th Continue reading >>

Urine Test For Diabetes: What You Need To Know

Urine Test For Diabetes: What You Need To Know

Urine tests can check for a range of things, including blood in the urine, infection, and other systemic conditions. They are frequently used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes. In this article, we look at types of urine tests for diabetes and how to understand the results. Contents of this article: What is a urine test for diabetes? Urine tests are important for both the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. Urine testing is less accurate than blood testing but is useful as a screening test for people who already know they have diabetes. Urine tests can also be used to check for glucose in the urine of people who are undiagnosed. A urine test will be looking for three things: glucose, ketones, and protein. Glucose Having glucose in the urine may indicate diabetes, although it can also be caused by other conditions. For example, pregnant women who do not have diabetes may have glucose in their urine. Glucose is not normally found in urine, but it can pass from the kidneys into the urine in people who have diabetes. Ketones Ketone is a chemical that the body produces when there is a shortage of insulin in the blood. It is a by-product produced when the body starts to break down body fat for energy. The presence of ketones in a person with diabetes may indicate a high blood glucose level, usually because a person with diabetes cannot use glucose as energy and has to use fat instead. Ketones in the blood can then spill into the urine. Ketones in the urine are more common in people who have type 1 diabetes but can occur in those with type 2 diabetes as well. Protein A doctor will check for the presence of protein in the urine of people with diabetes, as this can indicate kidney problems or a urinary tract infection. Types of tests If someone is concerned that they may h Continue reading >>

Diabetes: Urine Test For Sugar

Diabetes: Urine Test For Sugar

Topic Overview Sugar (glucose) normally is not found in urine. But when blood sugar levels rise well above a target range-which can occur in type 1 and type 2 diabetes-the kidneys often release some of the excess sugar from the blood into the urine. In pregnant women, the kidneys sometimes release sugar into the urine even when blood sugar levels are within a safe range. You can test urine for sugar by using plastic strips you can buy at a pharmacy. You dip a strip into a urine sample. The strip changes colour to show how much sugar is in the sample. You compare the resulting colour to a chart of colours. Each colour indicates a level of glucose. Urine testing for sugar is not an accurate way to measure how much sugar is in your blood. So most doctors no longer recommend it for people who have diabetes. A sample of urine often is stored in your bladder for several hours before you test it. Also, because sugar does not show up in urine until it is much higher than normal in the bloodstream (10 mmol/L), urine cannot be used to check for slightly high or low blood sugar levels. Continue reading >>

The Principle Of The Urinalysis Test

The Principle Of The Urinalysis Test

URS-K • URS-3 • URS-10SG • URS-UTIProfessional Urinalysis Reagent Test Strips Professional urine reagent test strips for the rapid determination of Ketones (URS-K), Glucose, Protein and pH (URI-3) plus Leukocytes, Nitrites, Ketones, Bilirubin, Blood, Urobilinogen, and Specific Gravity (URI-10) levels in urine. The URS-UTI is a single use test specific for detection of urinary tract infections. These are the diagnostic reagent strips used by physicians, clinics and hospitals to initially screen for suspected and/or existing health conditions. Simple to use, urine diagnostic reagent strips can provide early indications of developing health problems and identify potential abnormal functions requiring more extensive testing. Additionally, routine use is frequently recommended by physicians for monitoring certain existing and chronic health conditions. THE PRINCIPLE OF THE URINALYSIS TEST These urinalysis test strips, URS-K (Ketones) URS-3 (Glucose, Protein, pH) and URS-10 (Glucose, Protein pH, Leukocytes, Nitrites, Ketones, Bilirubin, Blood, Urobilinogen, and Specific Gravity) and URS-UTI (leukocytes and Nitrite) are simple, easy to use reagent strips for the detection of key diagnostic chemical markers in human urine. They are the same urinalysis test strips used routinely by doctors, laboratories and healthcare professionals in preliminary diagnosis of, and initial screening for potential health problems. URS-Strips are plastic strips to which chemically specific reagent pads are affixed. The reagent pads react with the sample urine to provide a standardized visible color reaction within 30 seconds to one minute depending on the specific panel screen. The color is then visually compared to the included color chart to determine the level of each chemical factor. Test Continue reading >>

Diabetes: Urine Test For Sugar

Diabetes: Urine Test For Sugar

Topic Overview Sugar (glucose) normally is not found in urine. But when blood sugar levels rise well above a target range-which can occur in type 1 and type 2 diabetes-the kidneys often release some of the excess sugar from the blood into the urine. In pregnant women, the kidneys sometimes release sugar into the urine even when blood sugar levels are within a safe range. You can test urine for sugar by using plastic strips you can buy at a pharmacy. You dip a strip into a urine sample. The strip changes colour to show how much sugar is in the sample. You compare the resulting colour to a chart of colours. Each colour indicates a level of glucose. Urine testing for sugar is not an accurate way to measure how much sugar is in your blood. So most doctors no longer recommend it for people who have diabetes. A sample of urine often is stored in your bladder for several hours before you test it. Also, because sugar does not show up in urine until it is much higher than normal in the bloodstream (10 mmol/L), urine cannot be used to check for slightly high or low blood sugar levels. Continue reading >>

Urine Testing For Diabetic Analysis

Urine Testing For Diabetic Analysis

Urine testing is relatively cheap and easy to do. Urine testing can be used to check for blood in the urine, to check for infection (by detecting the presence of white blood cells or protein) and can show up other systemic problems such as liver problems (by showing abnormal bilirubin levels). Urine testing can also detect ketones in the urine. Ketones are by-products of metabolism which form in the presence of severe high blood glucose. The presence of ketones in the urine therefore indicates that patients' blood glucose level is likely to be very high and that they may have ketoacidosis, which is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes and needs urgent treatment. Early signs of ketoacidosis include passing large amounts of urine, severe thirst, feeling nauseous, tiredness, abdominal pain and shortness of breath. Advanced signs include rapid breathing, rapid heartbeat, vomiting, dizziness, confusion and drowsiness; patients may even lose consciousness. Urgently refer patients with any of the above signs. Although not as accurate as a blood glucose test, urine testing can be used as a screening tool in patients known to have diabetes. Even in patients with no ketoacidosis, high glucose levels may be an indication that their diabetes is poorly controlled. These patients can be referred for counselling, patient education, and-as soon as possible -for an eye examination to look for signs of diabetic retinopathy. Urine testing can also be used to detect glucose in the urine in undiagnosed patients; they will need to be referred for further tests and perhaps a diagnosis of diabetes. All patients with diabetes should have an eye examination once a year. Go to: What you need Personal protective equipment: gloves, eyewear (plus apron if available) Reagent strips Continue reading >>

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