How Does The Liver Lower Blood Sugar

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How Does The Liver Control Glucose In The Blood?

Your body needs a constant supply of glucose, or sugar, for cells to have energy, so it requires a readily available reservoir to keep blood glucose in balance. One of the liver’s main roles in the body is controlling the amount of glucose circulating in the blood. By storing excess glucose as glycogen and creating new glucose from proteins and fat byproducts, the liver is able to maintain balanced glucose levels in your body at all times. Video of the Day When you eat carbohydrates, the body releases glucose into the bloodstream immediately, triggering the production of insulin. The body cannot be in a state of constant consumption, so when insulin levels are high enough, the body links long chains of glucose together into a compound called glycogen, which is then stored in the liver and the muscles. The liver uses this stored glucose energy as its main reservoir for releasing glucose into the bloodstream when levels drop. Breakdown of Glycogen Blood glucose levels drop when you're not eating, such as during sleep or between meals. This low blood sugar signals the liver to produce glucose and release it back into the bloodstream. The liver favors glycogen as its primary source s Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. elwojcik65

    What is "liver dump"

    I keep reading about people experiencing a liver dump. What is that? How would I recognize if I am having that happen?

  2. Nick1962

    Lizzy’s response below is dead on. It’s more commonly known as “Dawn Phenomenon” because it usually occurs right before you wake up after going overnight without food.
    A lot of times it can be overcome with a good understanding of what to eat and when.
    You'd recognize it by unusually high numbers when you haven't eaten anything, or so little to warrant numbers that high.

  3. KimberlyLC62

    Here's what Internet says: When you eat your body converts the food into glucose basically.
    The glucose is then used by the body and any extra is stored in your liver or
    converted to fat.
    The liver is like your own personal EMT, when it senses that your blood sugar is
    too low it "dumps" some glucose into your system to raise the numbers.
    If this didn't happen your body would shut down and you could go into a
    coma at some point.
    So in many ways this is a good thing, and your liver is your friend. This happens to
    everyone to some extent, even people who aren't diabetic if they go too long
    without food.
    The problem with many people with diabetes is that their liver is waaaay to helpful.
    It's as though it's over-active and doesn't wait until your blood sugar gets to 50 or
    below. Research has found that a certain hormone that non-diabetics have that
    regulates their liver isn't always working with T2.
    That's one reason why we tell people to eat frequently, every 3-4 hours. It keeps
    the liver calmed down.
    Another way that a "liver dump" can happen is if you take insulin or an insulin
    stimulating drug. If you don't eat enough carbs to keep your BS at a good level you
    go low. Then your liver takes over for you. That's why it's so important to balance
    medication with carbs, and it usually requires a period of testing and adjusting to get
    it right.
    Finally, this can also happen with exercise unless you eat enough carbs to cover it.
    Exercise lowers BS numbers, but you also have to constantly fuel the muscles and
    organs with glucose, because that's their fuel. True, the body can convert protein
    and fat into glucose, but it's a much slower process and not the body's favorite way
    to do it. And if you're very active it's just too slow, and you end up with constant
    liver dumps.
    Carbs aren't your enemy, you just have to learn when and how to use them for the
    best results. And you have to also be aware of the affect of any medications you
    might take and activity levels on the carb levels you consume.
    It sounds really complicated, but in short time you learn to balance it. It just takes
    practice and quite a bit of testing at first.

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