How Do You Control Blood Sugar Levels?

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Homeostasis Of Glucose Levels: Hormonal Control And Diabetes

Homeostasis According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are almost 26 million people in the United States alone that have diabetes, which is 8.3% of the total U.S. population. With so many Americans suffering from diabetes, how do we treat all of them? Do all of these people now need insulin shots, or are there other ways to treat, or prevent, diabetes? In order to answer these questions, we must first understand the fundamentals of blood glucose regulation. As you may remember, homeostasis is the maintenance of a stable internal environment within an organism, and maintaining a stable internal environment in a human means having to carefully regulate many parameters, including glucose levels in the blood. There are two major ways that signals are sent throughout the body. The first is through nerves of the nervous system. Signals are sent as nerve impulses that travel through nerve cells, called neurons. These impulses are sent to other neurons, or specific target cells at a specific location of the body that the neuron extends to. Most of the signals that the human body uses to regulate body temperature are sent through the nervous system. The second way th Continue reading >>

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  1. Liang-Hai Sie

    Two main components:
    Lose lots of weight if you’re overweight/ obese, for which you need to be on a strict hypocaloric diet, e.g. only having 2lbs of non starchy veggies, stir fried or in a soup. This will fill your stomach so you won’t go hungry. No sugar, no snacks, no carbs, no fat, very little fish/meat, no soft drinks or fruit juices, just (carbonated) water, no alcohol. From the Newcastle MRI Center Reversing Type 2 Diabetes. Obese participants losing a mean of 15% = 15 kg of body weight reversed their diabetes if they hadn’t had their diabetes for too long a time, and had lost their belly fat from their pancreas and liver thus restoring their function Very Low-Calorie Diet and 6 Months of Weight Stability in Type 2 Diabetes: Pathophysiological Changes in Responders and Nonresponders. Of the participants after six months 40% were cured of their diabetes.

    Regularly exercise since this will lower your insulin resistance, at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate intensity exercise a week, divided over multiple days of the week or just in one session a percweek, or 75 minutes of intensive exercise a week. A bout of exercise will translocate (move) GLUT 4 glucose transporters to the cell membrane so it can bind more glucose and transport it into the cell thus lowering blood glucose levels Exercise, glucose transport, and insulin sensitivity. The effect lasts one to three days after the exercise The impact of brief high-intensity exercise on blood glucose levels
    Two meals breakfast and lunch instead of six smaller meals a day results in better weight loss see Eating two larger meals a day (breakfast and lunch) is more effective than six smaller meals in a reduced-energy regimen for patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomised crossover study

    If after seriously losing weight your blood sugars are still too high, then you belong to the 60% who didn’t do well on weight loss to reverse type II diabetes, and will need antidiabetic meds, preferably metformin which lowers mortality, also in non diabetics, a TAME trial exploring this very important issue is ongoing.

  2. Tarun Sharma

    Well, you have already received good answers to your question and as you probably have realised, it's all about controlling your carb and fat intake and having a balanced meals at frequent intervals. Like someone mentioned, taking three main meals and light snacks in between.
    However, the biggest challenge that I have seen is of knowing what to eat, when to eat and how much to eat. You need to keep track of your eating habits and ensure that you are having the right amount of carb, fat, protein and fibre. But measuring all of that on a regular basis is a challenge as there's no easy way that exists for you to keep track of your daily nutrient intake.
    We have developed a mobile app called diabeteazy specific for people with diabetes to address that very challenge. It allows you to keep track of all that you need to - your blood sugar, weight, food, activity andedication - all at one place. We have developed a unique food algorithm that allows you to see the impact of your eating habits in the way of meal scores and smilies and also tells you if you are having a balanced intake of carb, fat, protien and fibre by giving you red, amber, green indicators.
    You may download diabeteazy by following links given below - it also includes dietitian consults and app based assistance for modification of life style and diet management.
    Android: https://play.google.com/store/ap...
    iOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/...
    Happy to hear feedback!!!!

  3. Garima Gupta

    My father in law has diabetes for the past two decades. 2 years ago he was taking about 90 units of insulin every day. His fading sugar was still around 200 on most days. He was tired, irritable and hopeless.
    Then we came across Reversing Diabetes program of Dr Pramod Tripathi. By changing diet to Dr Pramod's recommendations my father in law is off insulin injection, maintains a fasting blood sugar around 110-120, is so energetic that he started zumba classes & he has never been happier.
    Basic tips are - stop processed foods. Take variety of grains, not just wheat & rice. Start the day with 1-2 glasses of green smoothie. And go vegan. No milk or milk product of any kind.
    Eat lots of vegetables and eat till you are full. A green smoothie is made by juicing together greens like spinach and mint, with peeled cucumber & tomato. Add 1-2 glasses of water and any spice you like. It tastes yum with lime, ginger, cinnamon powder, black salt and pepper.

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