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Diabetes In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment

Diabetes is a chronic disease that can affect dogs and cats and other animals (including apes, pigs, and horses) as well as humans. Although diabetes can’t be cured, it can be managed very successfully. Diabetes mellitus, or “sugar diabetes,” is the type of diabetes seen most often in dogs. It is a metabolism disorder. Metabolism refers to how the body converts food to energy. To understand what diabetes is, it helps to understand some of this process. The conversion of food nutrients into energy to power the body’s cells involves an ongoing interplay of two things: • Glucose: essential fuel for the body’s cells. When food is digested, the body breaks down some of the nutrients into glucose, a type of sugar that is a vital source of energy for certain body cells and organs. The glucose is absorbed from the intestines into the blood, which then transports the glucose throughout the body. • Insulin: in charge of fuel delivery. Meanwhile, an important organ next to the stomach called the pancreas releases the hormone insulin into the body. Insulin acts as a “gatekeeper” that tells cells to grab glucose and other nutrients out of the bloodstream and use them as fuel. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. FireflyFlanatic

    When they say test 2 hours after a meal...

    Do they mean two hours from when you start your meal or two hours after you finish? I've been doing two hours after I start, I set the timer right before I take my first bite but I don't know if I should be waiting until after I'm done to test instead.

  2. MarkM

    After the first bite. The general consensus is that that the start of a meal should be "time zero" because it is when a whole chain of metabolic events starts.

  3. KTCwyo

    I have sacrificed my fingers a few times to map it out and Mark is right. It is almost freakish, but I max out at 2 hours everytime. Maybe fat or whatever should change it, but for me -- 2 hours is the peak of my BG level after I START a meal. The whole incretin chain may play a big role in the timing; more than the composition of what you eat.

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