What Organs Are Affected By Ketoacidosis?

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.[1] Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness.[1] A person's breath may develop a specific smell.[1] Onset of symptoms is usually rapid.[1] In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes.[1] DKA happens most often in those with type 1 diabetes, but can also occur in those with other types of diabetes under certain circumstances.[1] Triggers may include infection, not taking insulin correctly, stroke, and certain medications such as steroids.[1] DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids which produces acidic ketone bodies.[3] DKA is typically diagnosed when testing finds high blood sugar, low blood pH, and ketoacids in either the blood or urine.[1] The primary treatment of DKA is with intravenous fluids and insulin.[1] Depending on the severity, insulin may be given intravenously or by injection under the skin.[3] Usually potassium is also needed to prevent the development of low blood potassium.[1] Th Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Cydonia

    I'm 32 weeks, had a check up with MW on Friday where everything was fine. Sat and Sun I had a little bit of brownish discharge, but only a little and there was normal discharge too. Being a worrier (!) I decided to test my pee while I was at work- I work in a vets and we use the same dipsticks as they do in the doctors.I was looking for blood, but It came up positive for ketones, but not glucose which I thought was a bit strange? I thought you'd see ketones in a more long term, undiagnosed diabetes and therefore there would always be glucose too? Does anyone know any other causes of ketonuria? Could acidic urine affect the test as pH was 6.5? Couldnt really find anything useful online, don't know if I should be worried and ring MW tomorrow.

  2. atalantis

    I had traces of ketones in my urine at one of my early-ish MW appointments (am 38 wks now and can't remember which appt it was; maybe at 16 wks?). The MW suggested it was probably just because I was hungry and my body was starting to use up its own resources. The appointment was just before lunchtime and I'd been running around all morning. Apparently, ketones (without glucose) are often found in the urine of women who are suffering from severe morning sickness, though this wasn't the case with me. My subsequent appointments were all fine. If you're worried, though, there's no harm in getting this checked out.

  3. MissTapestry

    Ketones can be found when someone has a very high fat, low carb/sugar diet (think extreme Atkins)

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