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Who Gets Ketoacidosis

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) happens when your blood sugar is high and your insulin level is low. This imbalance in the body causes a build-up of ketones. Ketones are toxic. If DKA isn’t treated, it can lead to diabetic coma and even death. DKA mainly affects people who have type 1 diabetes. But it can also happen with other types of diabetes, including type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes (during pregnancy). DKA is a very serious condition. If you have diabetes and think you may have DKA, contact your doctor or get to a hospital right away. The first symptoms to appear are usually: frequent urination. The next stage of DKA symptoms include: vomiting (usually more than once) confusion or trouble concentrating a fruity odor on the breath. The main cause of DKA is not enough insulin. A lack of insulin means sugar can’t get into your cells. Your cells need sugar for energy. This causes your body’s glucose levels to rise. To get energy, the body starts to burn fat. This process causes ketones to build up. Ketones can poison the body. High blood glucose levels can also cause you to urinate often. This leads to a lack of fluids in the body (dehydration). DKA can be caused by mis Continue reading >>

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  1. Renee McCrory

    Prolonged high blood sugar levels can cause swelling in the brain -- cerebral edema. Children are more susceptible, but adult cases have been documented, according to Elliot J. Crane, MD, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology, Stanford University Medical Center. Other complications include organ damage from low blood pressure, heart attack and kidney failure.

  2. Phyllis Stewart

    This happens to me frequently. 600 will not kill you. You can go the the ER, and they will push high volumes of IV fluids and give you IV insulin. Doesn’t take long. The sooner you go, the easier it will be on you. Twice in two weeks, my readings were more than 600. You note that 600 is the highest reading available on meters, which is silly. For three days each time, I bolused 25 units in my pump every four hours. The first time, it finally took. The second, I became symptomatic which involved dehydration, lots of urination, etc. I found out that there are certain very simple sugars that will drive my glucose up very rapidly and very high. Now, no more problems

  3. Ryan P. Long

    Coma and death. 600 mg/dL is nearing the threshold of diabetic coma. Anyone in that situation should seek emergency medical treatment at their nearest hospital.

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