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What Is Starvation Ketoacidosis

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Ketoacidosis

GENERAL ketoacidosis is a high anion gap metabolic acidosis due to an excessive blood concentration of ketone bodies (keto-anions). ketone bodies (acetoacetate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, acetone) are released into the blood from the liver when hepatic lipid metabolism has changed to a state of increased ketogenesis. a relative or absolute insulin deficiency is present in all cases. CAUSES The three major types of ketosis are: (i) Starvation ketosis (ii) Alcoholic ketoacidosis (iii) Diabetic ketoacidosis STARVATION KETOSIS when hepatic glycogen stores are exhausted (eg after 12-24 hours of total fasting), the liver produces ketones to provide an energy substrate for peripheral tissues. ketoacidosis can appear after an overnight fast but it typically requires 3 to 14 days of starvation to reach maximal severity. typical keto-anion levels are only 1 to 2 mmol/l and this will usually not alter the anion gap. the acidosis even with quite prolonged fasting is only ever of mild to moderate severity with keto-anion levels up to a maximum of 3 to 5 mmol/l and plasma pH down to 7.3. ketone bodies also stimulate some insulin release from the islets. patients are usually not diabetic. ALCOHOLIC KE Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Mindset714

    Hey All!! Happy Fourth!
    I was wondering if anyone has any advice or insights on a keto carb up day? Been seeing it a lot on some pages I follow.

    Thanks!!!

  2. JorgePasada

    Mindset714:


    I was wondering if anyone has any advice or insights on a keto carb up day?

    I've never heard that phrase before, could you explain what it means?

  3. Fiorella

    Wait. What?

    Have no clue what that is. What is the purpose of a carb up on a low carb way of eating? I don't get it.

  4. -> Continue reading
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