diabetestalk.net

What Is Respiratory Acidosis

Share on facebook

Respiratory Acidosis

LABORATORY TESTS The following lab tests can be used to interpret and explain acidosis and alkalosis conditions. All are measured on blood samples. 1. pH: This measures hydrogen ions - Normal pH = 7.35-7.45 2. pCO2= Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide: Although this is a pressure measurement, it relates to the concentration of GASEOUS CO2 in the blood. A high pCO2 may indicate acidosis. A low pCO2 may indicate alkalosis. 3. HCO3- = Bicarbonate: This measures the concentration of HCO3- ion only. High values may indicate alkalosis since bicarbonate is a base. Low values may indicate acidosis. 4. CO2 = Carbon Dioxide Content: This is a measure of ALL CO2 liberated on adding acid to blood plasma. This measure both carbon dioxide dissolved and bicarbonate ions and is an older test. Do not confuse with pCO2 Typically, dissolved carbon dioxide = l.2-2.0 mmoles/L and HCO3- = 22-28 mmoles/L Therefore, although it is listed as CO2 content, the lab test really reflects HCO3- concentration. Respiratory Acidosis .ABNORMAL pH IN THE BODY: ACIDOSIS AND ALKALOSIS: INTRODUCTION: Normal blood pH is maintained between 7.35 and 7.45 by the regulatory systems. The lungs regulate the amount of carbon dio Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. celiacgirls

    This past weekend, my 8 year old daughter was complaining that she was always thirsty. Then on Tuesday, my husband noticed she had acetone breath. She has had it before, last January, and they did the blood sugar test in the pediatrician's office and it was fine. They said her bad breath could be from not brushing her teeth properly. I don't really buy that but it did go away until now. She had just brushed her teeth when my husband noticed it. Because of the increased thirst and the acetone breath, I have her scheduled for the blood test again on Monday, when her doctor gets back from vacation.
    Are there any other causes of acetone breath that aren't related to diabetes? Even if her blood sugar is ok, could this be a sign she is at risk of diabetes?
    I'm already expecting the doctor to think I'm just an overzealous mom. I did tell her the girls are on a gluten-free/CF diet due to Enterolab and she didn't seem overly interested one way or the other, so maybe there is hope she will be ok with this.

  2. CarlaB

    I don't know about acetone breath, but I notice my kids get very bad breath even right after they've brushed if they have loose teeth, even slightly loose, it's like you can smell the root rotting away.
    I'd still have her checked out to be sure, but it's not unusual for a kid to have bad breath.

  3. 2kids4me

    This is an excellent link that discusses why a non-diabetic child may have acetone breath.
    http://www.childrenwithdiabetes.com/dteam/...10/d_0d_bc8.htm
    a bit from that link:
    Quote

    My six year old adopted son has had acetone breath consistently for several weeks. I've tested his urine with the strips for glucose and ketones twice, and they are both negative. He has had this previously only when he was slightly dehydrated from bouts of nausea and vomiting. He is otherwise perfectly healthy and active and has no symptoms of diabetes. We have a dog with diabetes which is why I am familiar with the signs and the breath odor and have the urine strips. Are there other causes of acetone breath in an otherwise normal six year old? In view of the negative strips should I still have his blood glucose tested?
    Answer:
    Not everyone can smell acetone, but if you can, the most sensitive vehicle is the breath which may explain why urine testing has been negative. Ketosis in children can occur when the body is unable to get sufficient basal energy needs from the metabolism of carbohydrate and resorts to the breakdown of fat stores with the production of ketones. This can occur because of diabetes, but, as you have noticed, this is most likely to occur when appetite is diminished by intercurrent illness. The same can happen if energy consumption is increased and a child is too busy to eat sufficiently.

    I think it very unlikely that what you describe has anything to do with diabetes, but if you have a diabetic dog and the means of measuring blood sugars you might test your son after a period of energetic activity to see if it is low because the phenomenon I have described is called ketotic hypoglycemia.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more close

Related Articles

  • How Do You Know If Its Respiratory Or Metabolic Acidosis?

    Metabolic/ respiratory acidosis and alkalosis Call me stupid--but I'm having such a time with determining whether a person is in respiratory or metabolic acidosis/alkalosis based on the ABG levels. I know how to determine the acidosis/ alkalosis part---its the difference between metabolic and respiratory that screws me up. If anyone has any suggestions on how to tell the two apart--please share!!!! Ummm, I can't help you without "refreshing." Th ...

    ketosis Mar 27, 2018
  • What Is Respiratory Acidosis

    Respiratory Acidosis Definition Respiratory acidosis is a condition in which a build-up of carbon dioxide in the blood produces a shift in the body's pH balance and causes the body's system to become more acidic. This condition is brought about by a problem either involving the lungs and respiratory system or signals from the brain that control breathing. Description Respiratory acidosis is an acid imbalance in the body caused by a problem relate ...

    ketosis Mar 29, 2018
  • What Is The Cause Of Respiratory Acidosis?

    The different types of acid-base disturbances are differentiated based on: Origin: Respiratory or metabolic Primary or secondary (compensatory) Uncomplicated or mixed: A simple or uncomplicated disturbance is a single or primary acid-base disturbance with or without compensation. A mixed disturbance is more than one primary disturbance (not a primary with an expected compensatory response). Acid-base disturbances have profound effects on the body ...

    ketosis Feb 26, 2018
  • Describe How The Kidneys Respond To Respiratory Acidosis

    what is the state called in which arterial blood is more acidic than normal? aka increased concentration of hydrogen ions. Flashcards Matching Hangman Crossword Type In Quiz Test StudyStack Study Table Bug Match Hungry Bug Unscramble Chopped Targets Acid-Base Balance Question Answer what is the state called in which arterial blood is more acidic than normal? aka increased concentration of hydrogen ions. acidemia what is the difference called betw ...

    ketosis Jan 20, 2018
  • How Do The Kidneys Compensate Respiratory Acidosis Quizlet

    (See related pages) 1 In which of these compartments is Na+ concentration the lowest? 2 Which statement concerning body fluid composition is correct? A) Intracellular fluid contains a lower concentration of proteins than interstitial fluid. C) Extracellular fluid contains a higher concentration of potassium than intracellular fluid. D) Extracellular fluid contains a higher concentration of sodium than intracellular fluid. 3 Which fluid compartmen ...

    ketosis Feb 24, 2018
  • Respiratory Acidosis Icd 10

    Respiratory failure continues to be a challenging condition for physicians. Some issues include: Distinction between, and clinical diagnostic criteria for, acute and chronic respiratory failure Recognition of an acute exacerbation of chronic respiratory failure Classification of acute respiratory failure as hypoxemic or hypercapnic Identification of respiratory failure as a post-procedural complication Necessity of precise diagnostic terminology ...

    ketosis Mar 29, 2018

Popular Articles

More in ketosis