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What Happens In Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Introduction Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication of diabetes caused by a lack of insulin in the body. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the body is unable to use blood sugar (glucose) because there isn't enough insulin. Instead, it breaks down fat as an alternative source of fuel. This causes a build-up of a by-product called ketones. Most cases of diabetic ketoacidosis occur in people with type 1 diabetes, although it can also be a complication of type 2 diabetes. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include: passing large amounts of urine feeling very thirsty vomiting abdominal pain Seek immediate medical assistance if you have any of these symptoms and your blood sugar levels are high. Read more about the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis. Who is affected by diabetic ketoacidosis? Diabetic ketoacidosis is a relatively common complication in people with diabetes, particularly children and younger adults who have type 1 diabetes. Younger children under four years of age are thought to be most at risk. In about 1 in 4 cases, diabetic ketoacidosis develops in people who were previously unaware they had type 1 diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis accounts for around half Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. road hog

    my dog of 7 has been unwell and has spent most of the weekend at the vets (£400 )a night stay.(not that i begrudge paying)
    what i am wondering is if any other dog folk have a diabetic dog and what to expect or any advice ,seems he is improving abit (flattened the pup of 1 year after his breckie)
    going to have to give him 2 insulin jabs a day . ?
    is this only available thru the vets ..?
    here he is with his older (bigger brother)
    [url]|http://thumbsnap.com/v/xrEUV3Xp.jpg[/u

  2. sonic_2k_uk

    He has type 1 diabetes which is insulin dependent. I'm pretty sure its treated the same in dogs as humans, so yes insulin injections will be required.
    Ketoacidosis happens with diabetes when there is not sufficient insulin to reduce the rate at which the liver breaks down fat.
    When the live burns fat it produces ketones. As the liver runs away burning fat without the insulin to control it, the body effectively poisons itself as your blood turns acidic.
    Having had ketoacidosis, i can say its seriously not nice! I'm pretty sure you'd die of dehydration before the ketones killed you though.
    Ketoacidosis is completely treatable is caught in time though, you need to control the level of insulin correctly, reducing the blood sugar level and controlling the liver, replace the lost fluids flushing the ketones out of the blood, basically

  3. road hog

    he seems to be drinking and urinating alot , will this be flushing the "ketones" out of his system,
    sleeping alot and getting spoilt (laid out on settee).
    just been doing some internet surfing and hadnt realized how serious it was .could have lost him on friday night.
    Edited by road hog on Sunday 7th March 13:47
    picture taken on thursday night....really ill but still wanted to kill the zebra.
    Edited by road hog on Sunday 7th March 13:49

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