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Respiratory Acidosis Complications

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Acid-base Balance

Patient professional reference Professional Reference articles are written by UK doctors and are based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. They are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Arterial Blood Gases article more useful, or one of our other health articles. Disorders of acid-base balance can lead to severe complications in many disease states.[1]Arterial blood pH is normally closely regulated to between 7.35 and 7.45. Maintaining the pH within these limits is achieved by bicarbonate, other buffers, the lungs and the kidneys. Primary changes in bicarbonate are metabolic and primary changes in carbon dioxide are respiratory. In the absence of any significant respiratory disease or hyperventilation, the primary cause is much more likely to be metabolic. However, central hypoventilation (eg, caused by CNS disturbance such as stroke, head injury or brain tumour) causes respiratory acidosis. In general, the kidneys compensate for respiratory causes and the lungs compensate for metabolic causes. Therefore, hyperventilation may be a cause of respiratory alkalosis or a compensatory mechanism for metabolic acidosis. Deep sighing respiration (Kussmaul Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. sweetsarabear

    High blood sugar

    Does anybody eles out there in diabetes land feel this way when your blood sugar is high ?
    My joints get so painful and achy its an effort to move. I asked my doctor about this and he said its just one of those things that comes with high blood sugar.
    Thanks
    Joanna

  2. NottsLad

    mine feel exactly the same....
    worse in my legs though... when i know im going high and should take some insulin!

  3. Bellasgramma

    Wow, I did not know that. Have had about 200 or more for the last 3 or 4 days, every test, and also felt like the flu was coming on. I knew the shoulder pain was associated with diabetes but not the rest. That explains it.
    Fasting this morning was back to 90, and felt good, still do, so maybe...
    Anyway, time to talk to doc about meds adjustment Maybe that would help you as well??

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