diabetestalk.net

Metabolic Acidosis Treatment

Share on facebook

4.2 Respiratory Acidosis - Causes

Acid-Base Physiology The arterial pCO2 is normally maintained at a level of about 40 mmHg by a balance between production of CO2 by the body and its removal by alveolar ventilation. If the inspired gas contains no CO2 then this relationship can be expressed by: paCO2 is proportional to VCO2 / VA where: VCO2 is CO2 production by the body VA is Alveolar ventilation An increase in arterial pCO2 can occur by one of three possible mechanisms: Presence of excess CO2 in the inspired gas Decreased alveolar ventilation Increased production of CO2 by the body CO2 gas can be added to the inspired gas or it may be present because of rebreathing : Anaesthetists are familiar with both these mechanisms. In these situations, hypercapnia can be induced even in the presence of normal alveolar ventilation and normal carbon dioxide production by the body. An adult at rest produces about 200mls of CO2 per minute: this is excreted via the lungs and the arterial pCO2 remains constant. An increased production of CO2 would lead to a respiratory acidosis if ventilation remained constant. The system controlling arterial pCO2 is very efficient (ie rapid and effective) and any increase in pCO2 very promptly re Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Scotty

    Can BG levels affect a pregnancy test???

    Hi Everyone
    Im doing ok. Period is late and I have done a couple of HPT's and all negative. Im feeling pretty rotten and my insulin resistance has rocketed the past few weeks. I was just wondering if different levels of BG might give a negative on a HPT in error????
    Thanks

  2. Stump86

    It's possible if your BG level is very high. HPTs are basically a simple ELISA test (boring chemistry stuff ). It works by binding hormones during pregnancy to antibody like structures on the HPT and they'll change colors or flash lights or whatever they do nowadays if you're pregnant, I wouldn't know
    Extra glucose in the urine acts as more "stuff" during the test and may prevent the substances the HPT is trying to bind from binding. I would think that modern HPTs are specific enough to ignore extra glucose. But if there's enough of it it will certainly have an effect, be it positive or negative. I'd imagine that the instructions would have a word or two about something like that in the instructions.

  3. Tiger Lily

    Scotty, they may have changed pregnancy tests since i was 'interested' in that sort of thing
    but IIRC, the tests aren't accurate until you are ?8 weeks pregnant?
    what did the test kit say?

  4. -> Continue reading
read more close

Related Articles

  • Which Metabolic Rate Resulted In Metabolic Acidosis?

    The content on the UpToDate website is not intended nor recommended as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your own physician or other qualified health care professional regarding any medical questions or conditions. The use of this website is governed by the UpToDate Terms of Use ©2018 UpToDate, Inc. All topics are updated as new evidence becomes available and our peer review process is complete. ...

    ketosis Jan 11, 2018
  • How Does Ketoacidosis Cause Metabolic Acidosis

    In Brief Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome (HHS) are two acute complications of diabetes that can result in increased morbidity and mortality if not efficiently and effectively treated. Mortality rates are 2–5% for DKA and 15% for HHS, and mortality is usually a consequence of the underlying precipitating cause(s) rather than a result of the metabolic changes of hyperglycemia. Effective standardized treatment p ...

    ketosis Jan 3, 2018
  • Why Is Dka Metabolic Acidosis

    Epidemiology, Etiology, And Pathophysiology Epidemiology and Etiology "Type 1" and "Type 2" Diabetes in Children Type 1 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes seen in children today. The primary metabolic derangement in type 1 diabetes is an absolute insulin deficiency. These patients will have a life-long dependence on insulin injections. The overall incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes is about 15 cases per 100,000 people per year (abo ...

    ketosis Jan 3, 2018
  • Is Ketoacidosis Metabolic Acidosis

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious metabolic disorder that can occur in animals with diabetes mellitus (DM).1,2 Veterinary technicians play an integral role in managing and treating patients with this life-threatening condition. In addition to recognizing the clinical signs of this disorder and evaluating the patient's response to therapy, technicians should understand how this disorder occurs. DM is caused by a relative or absolute lack of ...

    ketosis Jan 3, 2018
  • Is Metabolic Acidosis The Same As Diabetic Ketoacidosis?

    Metabolic acidosis happens when the chemical balance of acids and bases in your blood gets thrown off. Your body: Is making too much acid Isn't getting rid of enough acid Doesn't have enough base to offset a normal amount of acid When any of these happen, chemical reactions and processes in your body don't work right. Although severe episodes can be life-threatening, sometimes metabolic acidosis is a mild condition. You can treat it, but how depe ...

    diabetes Jan 4, 2018
  • What Medications Can Cause Metabolic Acidosis?

    Abstract Metabolic acidosis produced by drugs and/or chemicals can be conveniently divided into those with an increase in the anion gap (anion gap = Na- (Cl + HCO3)) and those with a normal anion gap. The increase in the anion gap is due to the accumulation of unmeasured organic anions, such as lactate or acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate, as occurs in ketoacidosis and lactic acidosis, or the accumulation of toxic anions such as formate or gl ...

    ketosis Jan 24, 2018

Popular Articles

More in ketosis