Ketosis In Cattle Merck Manual

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Metabolic disease refers to a group of conditions caused by deficiencies of certain essential nutrients resulting in disturbance of the animal’s normal metabolic processes. These conditions are multifactorial and commonly occur at times of high physiological stress or demand for these nutrients with late pregnancy and early lactation being key times. The signs of these conditions can overlap and look similar and it is not uncommon for more than one disease to occur at the same time further complicating the picture. For this reason it is important to understand the causes of these diseases because the prevention and treatment are different. Overview Also called hypocalcaemia, milk fever is due to low blood calcium. Calcium is important for many bodily processes including heart and muscle function and the animal’s body works very hard to maintain blood levels in the normal range. Late in pregnancy when the foetus is growing rapidly and early in lactation, the cow’s or ewe’s calcium requirement increases significantly and she needs to maintain blood levels by mobilising calcium from bone. Milk fever occurs if this mobilisation process is too slow to keep up with need. Older an Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. cjd12000

    Dexamethasone for ketosis

    Any one ever is Dex for treatment. Got fresh cow not responding to dextrose. Know you can treat them that way just wondering how effective

  2. Markwright

    RE: Dexamethasone for ketosis

    put it this way: dex won't hurt and has a good chance of helping her.
    when they don't respond to dextrose..that's not ussually good, btw.

  3. Jay NE Ohio

    Re: Dexamethasone for ketosis

    My vet has prescribed Dexamethazone at 10cc added to the dextrose for a maximum of two days in a row. He claims it helps increase their appetite. But if overused, it will decrease their immune system. I tried it, but did not feel that it helped much. Drench with propylene gycol in addition to the IV dextrose seems to work best for me. The Merck Vet manual mentions a therapy using a slow release insulin in addition to the above for severe cases: http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp?cfile=htm/bc/80900.htm
    I suspect that there is something else working on your cow and that is why she is not responding to the dextrose. Since she is fresh, I suspect mastitis or metritis. Could also be fatty liver, subclinical milk fever, hardware, LDA, ect. Have you tried some calcium (IV or bolus) to see if she responds?

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