Ketoacidosis Treatment

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis: Evaluation And Treatment

Diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by a serum glucose level greater than 250 mg per dL, a pH less than 7.3, a serum bicarbonate level less than 18 mEq per L, an elevated serum ketone level, and dehydration. Insulin deficiency is the main precipitating factor. Diabetic ketoacidosis can occur in persons of all ages, with 14 percent of cases occurring in persons older than 70 years, 23 percent in persons 51 to 70 years of age, 27 percent in persons 30 to 50 years of age, and 36 percent in persons younger than 30 years. The case fatality rate is 1 to 5 percent. About one-third of all cases are in persons without a history of diabetes mellitus. Common symptoms include polyuria with polydipsia (98 percent), weight loss (81 percent), fatigue (62 percent), dyspnea (57 percent), vomiting (46 percent), preceding febrile illness (40 percent), abdominal pain (32 percent), and polyphagia (23 percent). Measurement of A1C, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, serum glucose, electrolytes, pH, and serum ketones; complete blood count; urinalysis; electrocardiography; and calculation of anion gap and osmolar gap can differentiate diabetic ketoacidosis from hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, gastroente Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Manson

    Can too much intermittent fasting cause me to get kicked out of ketosis if for some reason my body is not ready for it?

  2. VLC.MD

    Can too much intermittent fasting cause me to get kicked out of ketosis if for some reason my body is not ready for it?

    Food ie Carbs kicks you out of ketosis

  3. Dan_Dan

    IF aids ketosis, so no. Too much carbs or protein as well as stress can spike insulin and can drop you out. .
    “May the Force (fat adaption) be with you”
    IF/EF Keto WOE is Self-Discovery

    Good luck and much success in your journey in IF/EF Keto WOE

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