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Ketoacidosis Definition

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Definition Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute metabolic complication of diabetes that is potentially fatal and requires prompt medical attention for successful treatment. It is characterized by absolute insulin deficiency and is the most common acute hyperglycemic complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus. [1] Triad of DKA Classification Diagnostic criteria and classification: Mild DKA Plasma glucose: >250 mg/dL Arterial pH: 7.25 to 7.30 Serum bicarbonate: 15 to 18 mEq/L Urine ketone: positive Serum ketone: positive Effective serum osmolality: variable Anion gap: >10 Mental status: alert. Moderate DKA Plasma glucose: >250 mg/dL Arterial pH: 7.00 to <7.24 Serum bicarbonate: 10 to <15 mEq/L Urine ketone: positive Serum ketone: positive Effective serum osmolality: variable Anion gap: >12 Mental status: alert and/or drowsy. Severe DKA Plasma glucose: >250 mg/dL Arterial pH: <7.00 Serum bicarbonate: <10 mEq/L Urine ketone: positive Serum ketone: positive Effective serum osmolality: variable Anion gap: >12 Mental status: stupor and/or coma. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. MariaMia816

    Can anyone tell me what an average weight loss per week or month is for 20 carbs a day? Im loosing soooooo slow.

  2. GSD_Mama

    I guess it will be different for everyone. My first two weeks I've lost about 10, of which water was probably 5-7lb. I'm going on my third month now and losing slow, sometimes I gain sometimes I lose, no rhyme or reason.

  3. stevieedge2015

    10lbs in a month. I'm trying to keep my calories to under 1500. I smoke like a chimney though so...aiming to get to 130 so I can quit and not worry about gaining 10lbs

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