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Ketoacidosis Definition

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Definition Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute metabolic complication of diabetes that is potentially fatal and requires prompt medical attention for successful treatment. It is characterized by absolute insulin deficiency and is the most common acute hyperglycemic complication of type 1 diabetes mellitus. [1] Triad of DKA Classification Diagnostic criteria and classification: Mild DKA Plasma glucose: >250 mg/dL Arterial pH: 7.25 to 7.30 Serum bicarbonate: 15 to 18 mEq/L Urine ketone: positive Serum ketone: positive Effective serum osmolality: variable Anion gap: >10 Mental status: alert. Moderate DKA Plasma glucose: >250 mg/dL Arterial pH: 7.00 to <7.24 Serum bicarbonate: 10 to <15 mEq/L Urine ketone: positive Serum ketone: positive Effective serum osmolality: variable Anion gap: >12 Mental status: alert and/or drowsy. Severe DKA Plasma glucose: >250 mg/dL Arterial pH: <7.00 Serum bicarbonate: <10 mEq/L Urine ketone: positive Serum ketone: positive Effective serum osmolality: variable Anion gap: >12 Mental status: stupor and/or coma. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. ErdemS

    Should I take 1.6g of protein per bodyweight or per (bodyweight minus body fat).

    Hi,
    Stat:6"/107kgs/19y
    I have been on Keto for 3 months, and lost 26kgs over 5 months. I want to lose about another 20kgs of fat but also build muscle. The research I have done says that protein intake should be 1.6-2.3g per bodyweight, but too much protein will cause the body to use protein as glucose. So my question is; Should I take 1.6g of protein per bodyweight or per (bodyweight minus body fat).

  2. Mrpb

    Around a gram per pound of LEAN body mass works well for most. In your case something like 150-160 gram per day will be fine.

  3. ErdemS

    Originally Posted by Mrpb
    Around a gram per pound of LEAN body mass works well for most. In your case something like 150-160 gram per day will be fine.

    Thanks

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