How Are Ketones Formed Quizlet

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Sort Ketoacidosis w/ Type 1 concentration of glucose in blood exceeds 180-200 (renal threshold). Glucose remains in blood kidneys can't reabsorb filtered glucose, appears in urine - excess loss of fluids & electrolytes. Osmotic diuresis - increased ketone bodies: formed when liver breaks down free fatty acids in absence of insulin DKA: Type 1, acidic ketone bodies formed, metabolic acidosis. Polyuria, nausea, vomiting, fatigue Type 2 insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion. Insulin is less effective at stimulating glucose uptake by tissues - if beta cells can't keep up with increased demand for insulin, glucose level rises and type 2 develops—metabolic syndrome HHS occurs. - fatigue, irritability, polyuria, polydipsia, poorly healing skin wounds, vaginal infections, blurred vision - Oral hypoglycemic agents initially may need to convert to insulin or use both - HDL want above 35 or 40 - Triglyc 250, want above 100 Nutrition - control glucose levels, lipid/lipoprotein profile (prevents vascular disease), blood pressure Overweight: 25-29 Obesity: 30 + up to 10% of total calories be high carbs Fats: calories from fat sources to less than 30% of total calories, 10% for saturat Continue reading >>

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  1. Sahil

    Ketones are organic compound containing carbonyl group as functional group.

  2. Lori Windham

    There are also exogenous ketones now available to help with the process of ketosis.


    Ketones are carbonyl compound that contain a carbonyl group.

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