Etiology Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis Causes

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication of diabetes mellitus brought about by a lack of insulin in the body causing an inadequate uptake of glucose from the blood. It is characterized by a severe rise in blood sugar or hyperglycemia along with dehydration that may lead to shock and even loss of consciousness. Insulin is an important hormone that helps the body uptake and utilize glucose present in blood, therefore reducing the blood sugar level. If there is a lack of insulin, the blood sugar is not used and instead body fats are broken down to provide an alternative energy source. This breakdown of fat however, causes the release of acidic by-products called ketones that build up in the blood and urine. High glucose levels cause increased amounts of glucose to move into the urine, a process termed osmotic diuresis. During osmotic diuresis, water and solutes such as potassium and sodium also move into the urine. This leads to frequent excretion of large volumes of urine or polyuria, dehydration and compensatory thirst or polydypsia. Who is affected? DKA is more common among people with type 1 diabetes or those with type 2 diabetes who take insulin to regulate their b Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. bundysn

    I have been doing the Keto diet for 2.5 weeks. The first week I lost 4 lbs in 6 days. Then gained a lb and lost .6 now I'm stalled out. Basically losing .2 every few days. I AM in ketosis. I know the metallic taste, the urine smell and I test my urine in the AM before I drink water and it is at the high end of the color spectrum. My macros are 75/20/5. My energy levels are through the roof!! So no complaints there. I feel amazing!! My skin, hair etc looks better but the weight isn't coming off, even though I'm in ketosis.... Can anyone help me with this? I drink massive amounts of water. It's my addiction. At least 200 oz a day.... Always have so that's nothing new. Thanks in advance!
    Female 33

  2. Kathy13118

    Is your doctor advising you about your diet? Being in ketosis, drinking so much water, not losing weight - and continuing with the diet - I would ask your doctor what he or she thinks is going on.

  3. TattooedRN

    Since you are already at a healthy weight for your height I suspect that's why you are not losing large amounts of weight. With that said, a couple of suggestions...
    Are you eating enough fat? It has been shown that higher fat in = higher fat out.
    Also remember you can lose inches without losing pounds, this is normal and happens to everyone. Stalls are normal, they are your body's way of shifting gears and figuring out what changes are happening.
    Again, 5'8 and 149 lbs is a perfectly healthy weight and I can't see it would be very healthy for you to lose much more. Just keep at it, and if you have weight to lose, it will come off, but the less weight you have to lose the slower it will be...if your in the last 5 lbs to lose, i reiterate, it can take some time for that since your body is more likely to hold onto it. Maybe try an Atkins fat fast if that's your goal?
    Good luck!

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