Dka Pathophysiology Diagram

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Sickly Sweet: Understanding Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life threatening condition that can occur to people with diabetes. It is observed primarily in people with type 1 diabetes (insulin dependent), but it can occur in type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent) under certain circumstances. The reason for why it is not often seen in people with type 2 diabetes is because their body is still able to produce insulin, so the pathophysiology explained in the flowchart below is not as dramatic as compared to people with type 1 diabetes who do not make any insulin at all. There are various symptoms associated with DKA including: Hyperglycaemia Polyphagia (increased appetite and hunger) Polydipsia (increased thirst) Polyuria (increased urination) Glycosuria (glucose in the urine) Ketonuria (ketones in urine) Ketones in blood Sweet, fruity breath Tachypnoea leading to Kussmaul breathing (deep and laboured breathing pattern) The body tries to compensate for the ketone bodies (acid) by eliminating carbon dioxide (also an acid) thereby attempting to make the body more alkalotic to normalise the pH The compensation between the metabolic and respiratory system can be read about in this article Decreased bica Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. micky03

    Hi everyone! Firstly - thanks so much for this amazing resource, I've just started out with Keto after being recommended by a few friends and this forum has been such a great source of info. I'm 26, female and my starting weight was 64kg (est. BF 30%).
    I've just finished my 2nd week of Keto, sticking pretty close to my macros with under 30g carbs daily, have always been in a calorie deficit (eating around 1100 daily, pretty clean), and have done 1hr of cardio every day. I had one small carb reload day last week where I had 175g of carbs, but still remained at a calorie deficit and walked up a mountain the same day.
    The first week I had a good loss of 1.4kg. I've just weighed myself this morning and I seem to have gone back up to 63.2kg... any idea what I am doing wrong? I've checked to see why people gain weight on Keto and I don't think I've made any of the usual mistakes, I'm not building any muscle currently, and it seems far too early for me to have plateaued. Just need a little reassurance that I'm not completely screwing up!

  2. Elliot

    1100 calories sounds like starvation

  3. micky03

    Originally posted by Elliot
    1100 calories sounds like starvation Really? I'm a pretty small woman who doesn't do any weight training. Everything tells me that 1000-1200 is the recommended for someone my size/gender/age?
    That's 3 full meals a day + snacks, and I'm always feeling full. I'm not restricting my calories in any way, that's just what it comes out as.

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