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Hyperglycemic Crises: Diabetic Ketoacidosis (dka), And Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State (hhs)

Go to: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are acute metabolic complications of diabetes mellitus that can occur in patients with both type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. Timely diagnosis, comprehensive clinical and biochemical evaluation, and effective management is key to the successful resolution of DKA and HHS. Critical components of the hyperglycemic crises management include coordinating fluid resuscitation, insulin therapy, and electrolyte replacement along with the continuous patient monitoring using available laboratory tools to predict the resolution of the hyperglycemic crisis. Understanding and prompt awareness of potential of special situations such as DKA or HHS presentation in comatose state, possibility of mixed acid-base disorders obscuring the diagnosis of DKA, and risk of brain edema during the therapy are important to reduce the risks of complications without affecting recovery from hyperglycemic crisis. Identification of factors that precipitated DKA or HHS during the index hospitalization should help prevent subsequent episode of hyperglycemic crisis. For extensive review of all related areas of Endocrinology, visit WWW.ENDOTEXT. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Steven Gaudry

    Human Body

    Health

    Medicine and Healthcare



    What are the harmful effects of excess ketone bodies?




    1 Answer








    The presence of ketones are a positive indicator of the body switching to a survival mode of secondary metabolic processes. It means that the normal glucose mechanism has broken down and not working. It is not a life sustainable trend. Death will occur if not reversed by glucose metabolism. Before the advent of Insulin in 1927 and later oral diabetes medicines, death of uncorrected Diabetes Mellitus was the prompt results.

    184 Views · 3 Upvotes








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    What exactly are ketone bodies?


    Is paneer harmful if excessive?


    How do I reduce body fat properly?


    What harm can eating excessive eggs cause?


    Is an excess of squats harmful to our body?


    Is eating excess potatoes harmful?


    Is excess sugar harmful for the body’s metabolism?


    Will drinking an excess of water harm our body?


    How does excess consumption of sugar harm our body?


    What are the best ways to lose weight?
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