Dka In Type 1

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If A Diabetic Person In A Remote Area Entered Dka, And Had A Vial Of Insulin But No Needles, What Other Methods Could Be Used To Provide Insulin? (type 1 Diabetes)

For those that don’t recognise the abbreviation DKA - it means Diabetic Keto-Acidosis, a serious imbalance brought on by very high blood glucose levels due to insufficient insulin, which the body uses to break down glucose in the blood to usable energy. In the absence of insulin the body begins breaking down fat for energy and releasing acids called ketones (principally acetone, just like the solvent used for nail polish remover.) This keto acid buildup starts playing havoc with the body’s systems, including the liver, the brain and the kidneys among others. If the level continues to increase, the body starts “shutting down” and one goes comatose and can eventually die. To partially answer the question, it’s reported that certain insulins can be absorbed through mucus membranes like under the tongue, the sinus walls in the nose and the anal mucosa. Opening the vial of insulin might prove to be rather tricky without breaking it, but I suppose it’s possible. Nonetheless, if the person is conscious a small amount of relief may be possible. If unconscious it’s going to be really rough, if at all possible. That person is in dire need of medical attention - quickly. Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Santosh Anand

    Insulin plays a key role in helping sugar (glucose) enter your cells, thus providing them energy. When your cells don't get the glucose they need for energy, your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. Ketones are acidic and so when they build up in the blood, they make the blood more acidic, leading to the condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).
    Now, in type-1 diabetes, there is no insulin production whereas in type-2, there is impairment of insulin production. Thus why Type-2 diabetic people hardly get DKA.
    Note: Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious condition that might lead to diabetic coma or even death.

  2. Lucas Verhelst

    In order for the cells in your body to access the glucose in your bloodstream so they can use it as energy they need insulin. Insulin acts like a key, opennin the cell door to allow the entry of glucose. Type 1 diabetics produce no insulin and need to inject it, thus the amount of insulin they have is strictly limited. Once they run out of insulin the glucose remains in the blood stream. If this occurs over a long period of time their blood glucose levels will rise due to the release of glucose from the liver. High blood sugar levels causes ketoacidosis which leads to coma and death.

  3. Keith Phillips

    Although type 2 diabetics suffer from insulin resistance, the condition rarely has an absolute negative effect on the bodies ability to convert glucose to usable energy. Type 1 diabetics have little or no ability to produce insulin. With the exception of neural cells, the rest of the body which without insulin is experiencing starvation, will consume its own tissues. (this is how people have endured periods of famine). This process however produces by products that eventually overwhelm the body's ability to process toxins.

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