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Diabetic Ketoacidosis (dka)

Diabetic ketoacidosis is an acute metabolic complication of diabetes characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperketonemia, and metabolic acidosis. Hyperglycemia causes an osmotic diuresis with significant fluid and electrolyte loss. DKA occurs mostly in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). It causes nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain and can progress to cerebral edema, coma, and death. DKA is diagnosed by detection of hyperketonemia and anion gap metabolic acidosis in the presence of hyperglycemia. Treatment involves volume expansion, insulin replacement, and prevention of hypokalemia. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is most common among patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and develops when insulin levels are insufficient to meet the body’s basic metabolic requirements. DKA is the first manifestation of type 1 DM in a minority of patients. Insulin deficiency can be absolute (eg, during lapses in the administration of exogenous insulin) or relative (eg, when usual insulin doses do not meet metabolic needs during physiologic stress). Common physiologic stresses that can trigger DKA include Some drugs implicated in causing DKA include DKA is less common in type 2 diabetes mellitus, but it may Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. PeeWeeMerman

    With the new year and new keto-ers, I'd like for you to learn from my mistake. I used to pay close attention to my macro ratios. DON'T. They don't matter.
    You're looking at GRAMS. The only way those ratios the keto calculator spits out are accurate are if you eat exactly at the number of recommended calories every day. If you eat more, you may go over the amount of protein you should be eating in a day when you keep the ratio. If you eat less, you won't get enough protein.
    1) Meet your protein goal. Don't exceed it or come in under it.
    2) Stay under your carb limit.
    3) Use fat for the rest. You could have lower fat or higher fat days, depending on how much of a deficit you're working with. There is no number to hit.
    Do not stick to the ratios. You don't need to "get in enough fat." Ever.
    *Edit: I'm not saying "don't follow your macros." Macros are critical! I'm saying don't measure your macros in percentages. The RATIO doesn't matter. The grams are what count. The ratio is variable and therefore unreliable to use as your guideline.

  2. ctuck239

    Carbs are a limit to stay below
    Protein is a goal to make you grow
    Fat is the fuel so you're not slow
    ...or something like that, credit /u/rickamore (I believe)

  3. rickamore

    You nailed it!

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