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Dka Case Study Nursing

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48345115 Diabetic-ketoacidosis-case-study

48345115 diabetic-ketoacidosis-case-study 1. 1 QUEENY MARIE MARTINEZ BSN III – B NURSING CASE STUDY DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS (DKA) 1. Introduction/description of the disease DKA is caused by an absence or markedly inadequate amount of insulin. This deficit in available insulin results in disorder in the metabolism of carbohydrate, protein and fat. The three main clinical features/manifestations of Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) are based on the following concepts: 1) Hyperglycemia 2) dehydration and electrolyte loss 3) acidosis. Blood glucose levels range from 300 to 800 mg/dL. Low serum bicarbonate and a low pH are present. It is a life-threatening complication of DM type I. this is due to severe insulin deficiency. 2. Risk factors o Patient with Type I diabetes mellitus are at risk to develop DKA. o Persons who are frequently stressed out or due to stress-induced by surgery and o persons with frequent or severe illness/infection are also at risk of developing DKA. 3. Causes  Underdose or missed dose of insulin  Illness or infection  Overeating  Stress, surgery  Undiagnosed and untreated type I DM. 2. 2 4. Pathophysiology Without insulin, the amount of glucose entering Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. spacistacey

    I keep hearing the mention of the ketone strip, are they something I need to purchace? what exactly do they do? And where can I get them?

    Quote:

    You only have one life, live it well!!

  2. MsJulieRae

    Hi Stacey
    You purchase them over the counter at a drug store. They are a little expensive. It measures how many ketones are in your urine. There is a color chart on the side of the bottle and the darker the color (purple) means you are burning fat.
    Hope that helps...Enjoy your Sunday! Julie

  3. sweetthing

    Hey there...
    I get the strips and cut them in half.....saves money..

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