Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology Ppt

Share on facebook

Review The Incidence And Pathophysiology Of Dka

Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Children Keystone, July, 2008 Arleta Rewers MD, PhD Robert Slover MD Define the role of patient self-monitoring including blood ketones testing and the healthcare professional advice in preventing DKA Describe current approaches to the clinical diagnosis of DKA, including the role of ketone body levels List treatment options for DKA Definition Hyperglycemia BG > 200 mg/dl (11 mmol/l) (young or partially treated children, pregnant adolescents may present with “euglycemic ketoacidosisâ€) Venous pH <7.3 and/or bicarbonate <15 mmol/L mild DKA pH <7.3 bicarbonate <15 moderate pH <7.2 bicarbonate <10 severe pH <7.1 bicarbonate < 5 Glucosuria and ketonuria/ketonemia (β-HOB) Diabetic Ketoacidosis at Diagnosis of DM in Youth: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Incidence of DKA at the time of diagnosis SEARCH is multicenter study In 2002 began population-based ascertainment of incident cases of DM in youth younger than 20 years Incidence: Overall - 25.5% (CI 23.9-27.1) Type 1 - 29.4 % ( CI 27.5-31.3%) Type 2 - 9.7% ( CI 7.1-12.2) Rewers A et al., Pediatrics, May 2008 DKA in children with established T1DM The risk of DKA varies from 1:10 to 1:100 /p-yr Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Angela09

    Hi, I have had T2 for 10 1/2 years and am on Metformin, Pioglitazone, and Glibenclamide plus a Statin and an aspirin. I posted a few months ago that my blood sugar has come down a fair amount according to the test which they do at the doctors.
    First of all it came down by .7 (from 7.5) and at my last test it had come down another .5. The only thing I am doing differently is I am eating red grapes at lunchtime. I know some diabetics are on tighter controls and will have to ask if it is ok for them to eat grapes but if you can I can certainly say it works.
    My blood sugar had never come down before. If it comes down any further I am going to ask if I can stop taking the Pioglitazone (this is the one med which makes me have hypos, the others don't. So if I can stop taking it it will mean I can reduce my food intake. I certainly need to!). I just wanted to share this with you. It has to be red grapes as the green ones do not contain the chemical which lowers blood sugar.

  2. Sid Bonkers

    Hi Angela09 I'd always though that grapes always raised bg levels regardless of colour, but having said that i have not eaten grapes since being diagnosed, mainly because I lack self control with grapes, if I eat one i will eat the whole bunch before i know it :lol:
    I may see if I can buy a very small bunch of red grapes and give them a try.

  3. IanS

    I get through 2 bunches of grapes a week without any impact on my BG. I believe that the sugar in grapes (fructose) doesn't cause a problem anyway.

  4. -> Continue reading
read more close

Related Articles

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology Ppt

    History Insidious increased thirst (ie, polydipsia) and urination (ie, polyuria) are the most common early symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Malaise, generalized weakness, and fatigability also can present as symptoms of DKA. Nausea and vomiting usually occur and may be associated with diffuse abdominal pain, decreased appetite, and anorexia. A history of rapid weight loss is a symptom in patients who are newly diagnosed with type 1 diabet ...

    diabetes Jan 24, 2018
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Ppt

    1. DIABETES KETOACIDOSIS BY DR. AKINBI OLUBAYODE.O 2. INTRODUCTION • Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life- threatening complication in people with diabetes mellitus. It happens predominantly in those with type 1 diabetes, but it can occur in those with type 2 diabetes under certain circumstances. • DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids and producing acidic ketone bodies that ...

    diabetes Dec 31, 2017
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious metabolic disorder that can occur in animals with diabetes mellitus (DM).1,2 Veterinary technicians play an integral role in managing and treating patients with this life-threatening condition. In addition to recognizing the clinical signs of this disorder and evaluating the patient's response to therapy, technicians should understand how this disorder occurs. DM is caused by a relative or absolute lack of ...

    diabetes Jan 13, 2018
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology Diagram

    To review the physiology of glucose and lipid metabolism, weight and energy regulation To appreciate the magnitude of the prevalence of diabetes and its effect on morbidity and mortality To understand the pathophysiology of type 1 and type 2 diabetes To be able to distinguish among diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance states and to become familiar with the Metabolic Syndrome 2. Learning Objectives Diabetes is ...

    diabetes Jan 18, 2018
  • Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.[1] Signs and symptoms may include vomiting, abdominal pain, deep gasping breathing, increased urination, weakness, confusion, and occasionally loss of consciousness.[1] A person's breath may develop a specific smell.[1] Onset of symptoms is usually rapid.[1] In some cases people may not realize they previously had diabetes.[1] DKA happens most often i ...

    ketosis Jan 11, 2018
  • Infant Of Diabetic Mother Ppt

    Introduction Frequency: 3-10% of pregnant women have diabetes 88% have gestational diabetes 12% have known diabetes 35% with Type I diabetes 65% with Type II diabetes Risk of Complications Depends on degree of glucose control White’s classification system helps predict perinatal mortality Higher risk for complications to the fetus in moms with pre-gestational diabetes than with gestational diabetes i.e. increased risk for congenital anomal ...

    diabetes Dec 30, 2017

Popular Articles

More in diabetes