Describe How The Kidneys Respond To Respiratory Acidosis

Share on facebook

9: Regulation Of Acid–base Balance

▸ State the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation for the carbon dioxide-bicarbonate buffer system. ▸ State the major sources for the input of fixed acids and bases into the body, including metabolic processes and activities of the gastrointestinal tract. ▸ Describe how the input of fixed acids and bases affects body levels of bicarbonate. ▸ Explain why body levels of carbon dioxide are usually not altered by the input of fixed acids and bases. ▸ Explain why some low-pH fluids alkalinize the blood after they are metabolized. ▸ Describe the reabsorption of filtered bicarbonate by the proximal tubule. ▸ Describe how bicarbonate is excreted in response to an alkaline load. ▸ Describe how excretion of acid and generation of new bicarbonate are linked. ▸ Describe how the titration of filtered bases is a means of excreting acid. ▸ Describe how the conversion of glutamine to ammonium and subsequent excretion of ammonium accomplishes the goal of excreting acid. ▸ Describe how the kidneys handle ammonium that has been secreted in the proximal tubule. ▸ State how total acid excretion is related to titratable acidity and ammonium excretion. ▸ Define the 4 categories of prim Continue reading >>

Share on facebook

Popular Questions

  1. Paraish Misra

    This side effect was very common with phenformin (metformin’s “parent drug”), and in fact led to its withdrawal from many markets. However, lactic acidosis appears to be very uncommon with metformin. In fact, whether or not lactic acidosis occurs at all with metformin is a matter of intense debate among some physicians. Nonetheless, out of safety, physicians will not prescribe metformin to patients at high risk of lactic acidosis (such as patients with advanced kidney disease).

  2. George Johnson

    This answer is not a substitute for professional medical advic...

  3. -> Continue reading
read more close

Related Articles

Popular Articles

More in ketosis