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Define Ketoacidosis Medical Terminology

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis - Symptoms

A A A Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) results from dehydration during a state of relative insulin deficiency, associated with high blood levels of sugar level and organic acids called ketones. Diabetic ketoacidosis is associated with significant disturbances of the body's chemistry, which resolve with proper therapy. Diabetic ketoacidosis usually occurs in people with type 1 (juvenile) diabetes mellitus (T1DM), but diabetic ketoacidosis can develop in any person with diabetes. Since type 1 diabetes typically starts before age 25 years, diabetic ketoacidosis is most common in this age group, but it may occur at any age. Males and females are equally affected. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when a person with diabetes becomes dehydrated. As the body produces a stress response, hormones (unopposed by insulin due to the insulin deficiency) begin to break down muscle, fat, and liver cells into glucose (sugar) and fatty acids for use as fuel. These hormones include glucagon, growth hormone, and adrenaline. These fatty acids are converted to ketones by a process called oxidation. The body consumes its own muscle, fat, and liver cells for fuel. In diabetic ketoacidosis, the Continue reading >>

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  1. Tirth Patel

    Blood Sugar Control and Stabilization

    Infectious Diseases

    Health


    Medicine and Healthcare



    How does an infection affect blood sugar? I understand the disease process, however what is the true science behind it?




    1 Answer







    Any type of Infection causes a stress response in the body by increasing the amount of certain hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. These hormones work against the action of insulin so production of glucose increases, which results in high blood sugar levels.
    In a person who does not have diabetes, extra insulin is produced to counter these effects, but this is not possible for someone with diabetes.
    When your blood sugar is high, the white blood cells in your body are unable to “mop up” bacteria because they cannot move around at their normal speed and do not reach the infection site quickly enough to engulf and kill the bacteria.

    So in a diabetic person, hyperglycemia persists and it can lead to ketoacidosis during infection or any other type of stress.

    221 Views · 2 Upvotes · Answer requested by Amy Boumaig








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