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Correction Of Metabolic Acidosis With Bicarbonate Formula

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Metabolic Acidosis And Alkalosis

Page Index Metabolic Acidosis. Metabolic Alkalosis Emergency Therapy Treating Metabolic Acidosis Calculating the Dose Use Half the Calculated Dose Reasons to Limit the Bicarbonate Dose: Injected into Plasma Volume Fizzes with Acid Causes Respiratory Acidosis Raises Intracellular PCO2 Subsequent Residual Changes Metabolic Acidosis. The following is a brief summary. For additional information visit: E-Medicine (Christie Thomas) or Wikepedia Etiology: There are many causes of primary metabolic acidosis and they are commonly classified by the anion gap: Metabolic Acidosis with a Normal Anion Gap: Longstanding diarrhea (bicarbonate loss) Uretero-sigmoidostomy Pancreatic fistula Renal Tubular Acidosis Intoxication, e.g., ammonium chloride, acetazolamide, bile acid sequestrants Renal failure Metabolic Acidosis with an Elevated Anion Gap: lactic acidosis ketoacidosis chronic renal failure (accumulation of sulfates, phosphates, uric acid) intoxication, e.g., salicylates, ethanol, methanol, formaldehyde, ethylene glycol, paraldehyde, INH, toluene, sulfates, metformin. rhabdomyolysis For further details visit: E-Medicine (Christie Thomas). Treating Severe Metabolic Acidosis. The ideal treatme Continue reading >>

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  1. Visakan Veerasamy

    Originally Answered: What's "white privilege"? Recently I've been seeing a spark about how white privilege affects so many people and how racism isn't applicable to whites. Why is this?

    White privilege is the ability to go through life without having to worry about your racial identity affecting your path in the world. You don't have to worry about how your actions are going to influence the way everybody else thinks about your community.
    White privilege is the advantage of not being structurally disadvantaged.
    As a white person, you probably wouldn't know anything about what its like to be harrassed and discriminated on the basis of your race, just as men tend not to know anything about what its like to be harrassed for being a woman.
    Are Emily and Greg More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination
    White privilege is being more employable solely on the virtue of the "whiteness" of your name.
    On a fun side note, I like to describe White Americans as that- "White-American".
    Think about it. Asians (in the US) are Asian-American, Black folk are Black-American or African-American. Native people are "Native American".
    White Privilege is when you get to move into a country, and then the indigenous people have to add a prefix when identifying themselves, because you are now the default setting.
    White privilege is the privilege of being the default setting.
    EDIT: I was asked to point out that I was writing with a very US-centric perspective. This is true! Perhaps you may also be interested to know that I've never actually been to the US- I'm a Singaporean, a Tamil born and raised in a Chinese-majority country. Over here, you could say that Chinese people experience "Chinese privilege"- government policies include the "Speak Mandarin Campaign", and now we have our train stations announced in English and Mandarin, and sometimes when you're looking for a job or a place to rent, you'll see "Chinese Only"- it used to be explicit, but now it's a little more subtle. I'm not really complaining- being a minority anywhere can't be easy, and I'm sure it's easier in Singapore than in most other places.
    ALSO, despite this, there is White Privilege in Singapore! Despite White people being the minority over here, there are still what some people describe as "colonial hangups", or "Pinkerton's Syndrome", where all else held constant, a white person is typically perceived to have more social value than others- you get better service in stores, you are generally pandered to and treated with more respect. I have a theory that it's partially to do with the fact that lots of White folk tend to be more outgoing and personable, but it's way more complex than it seems. In advertising, for instance, a white doctor or a professional in a suit just "seems more authoritative" than a non-White.
    Sorry I’m being so negative. I’m a bummer, I don’t know I shouldn’t be I’m a very lucky guy. I got a lot going from me. I’m a healthy, I’m relatively young. I’m white; which thank God for that sh** boy. That is a huge leg up, are you kidding me? I love being white I really do. Seriously, if you’re not white you’re missing out because this sh** is thoroughly good.
    Let me be clear by the way, I’m not saying that white people are better. I’m saying that being white is clearly better, who could even argue? If it was an option I would re-up ever year. Oh yeah I’ll take white again absolutely, I’ve been enjoying that, I’ll stick with white thank you.
    Here’s how great it is to be white, I could get in a time machine and go to any time and it would be f***** awesome when I get there. That is exclusively a white privilege. Black people can’t f*** with time machines. A black guy in a time machine is like hey anything before 1980 no thank you, I don’t want to go. But I can go to any time. The year 2, I don’t even know what was happening then but I know when I get there, welcome we have a table right here for you sir. ... thank you, it’s lovely here in the year 2.
    I can go to any time in the past, I don’t want to go to the future and find out what happens to white people because we’re going to pay hard for this sh**, you gotta know that ... we’re not just gonna fall from number 1 to 2. They’re going to hold us down and f*** us in the ass forever and we totally deserve it but for now wheeeee. If you’re white and you don’t admit that it’s great, you’re an asshole. It is great and I’m a man. How many advantages can one person have? I’m a white man, you can’t even hurt my feelings. What can you really call a white man that really digs deep? Hey cracker ... oh ruined my day. Boy shouldn’t have called me a cracker, bringing me back to owning land and people what a drag. - Louis CK
    EDIT: Recently, a 14 year old girl tweeted a fake bomb/hijack threat to American Airlines. When they told her that they take such threats seriously and were sending her details to the FBI, she freaked out and started apologizing profusely. One of the things she said? "Plus I'm a white girl."
    Can you imagine anybody else saying that? "Don't arrest me, I'm an Asian/Hispanic/Black/Indian girl?"
    That's white privilege.

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  2. Jon Painter

    When I was in college, I worked for 3 years as a resident assistant.
    One of my former residents is black.
    He graduated 9 or 10 years ago, and has done pretty well for himself. He has a great job, drives an Audi, and lives in a high rent district of one of the larger US cities. It's one of the more expensive areas in the US.
    He's done much better than I have by any economic measure.
    Last summer he got pulled over 8 times in 6 weeks driving in his area of town. 8 times he was pulled over and I think he got one ticket and one warning. In six weeks he got pulled over more times than I’ve been pulled over in my entire life, and I've gotten a ticket every time but once, because I get pulled over for moving violations. (5/6 I think.)
    He was getting pulled over because a black man driving a nice car in an expensive part of town leads police to suspect theft.
    He was posting on Facebook every time he got pulled over so people would know what had happened in case he got shot.
    This is not something I've ever had to deal with.
    When people talk about white privilege, they are talking about my resident. After doing everything he’s supposed to do to be “acceptable to society,” after getting an education, beating the employment odds, after doing really well for himself, he still has to worry about getting pulled over and shot… simply because he’s not white.
    I don't have to worry about that.

    That's white privilege.

  3. Franklin Veaux

    "White privilege" is just a shorthand way to say you have an easier time of it in the US if you are white than if you are black. And yes, that is absolutely true.
    It does not mean that white people have everything handed to them. It does not mean that white people don't have to work for what they have. It does not mean every single white person is better off than every single black person. It simply means that, all other things being equal, you will have an easier time of it if you're white than if you're in the same exact circumstance and you're black.
    This plays out in a thousand ways. Legally, if you're white and you're spotted committing a minor crime, you're less likely to be arrested than if you're black. If you're convicted, you're more likely to be given probation and avoid a prison term than if you're black.
    Financially, you'll find it easier to get a job if you're white. (A fascinating recent study[1] involved taking a bunch of word for word identical resumes and sending them to a large number of companies. They were all the same except that some had a "white sounding" name on top and some had a "black sounding" name. The ones with white-sounding names got more callbacks--by a large margin.)
    If you're white, you will probably get a lower interest rate in your mortgage than if you're black but have the exact same finances. Again, studies involving identical mortgage applications, some with white-sounding names and some with black-sounding names, bear this out.
    In a group of identically-dressed people of different races on a job site or in an office, people will tend to unconsciously assume that the white person is the one in charge.
    The list goes on. The experience of being white is quantifiably and persistently different than the experience of being black.

    [1] Employers' Replies to Racial Names

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