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Alcoholic Ketosis Symptoms

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Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

Background In 1940, Dillon and colleagues first described alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA) as a distinct syndrome. AKA is characterized by metabolic acidosis with an elevated anion gap, elevated serum ketone levels, and a normal or low glucose concentration. [1, 2] Although AKA most commonly occurs in adults with alcoholism, it has been reported in less-experienced drinkers of all ages. Patients typically have a recent history of binge drinking, little or no food intake, and persistent vomiting. [3, 4, 5] A concomitant metabolic alkalosis is common, secondary to vomiting and volume depletion (see Workup). [6] Treatment of AKA is directed toward reversing the 3 major pathophysiologic causes of the syndrome, which are: This goal can usually be achieved through the administration of dextrose and saline solutions (see Treatment). Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. lauraj

    Hiya, my son Ryan has had d since 6/08 but today is the first time i have had positive test for large ketones. He has had a bit of a fever for a couple of days and has had mainly high sugars.
    I am really worried tonight as i have never had a positive result like this. He is on Twice daily injections but i have given him a bit of extra Novorapid before bed and just wondered if anybody could help give me a clearer idea of what may happen? Thanks

  2. Lee

    I do not really understand the two shots a day theory, so I cannot helpout much with that - but I urge you to be in contact with your endo team!!!!
    Other then that, push non-carbed liquids - lots of them, and he will need extra insulin to clear up the ketones!

  3. lauraj

    Thanks, i rang them and they said to see how he goes through the night but i am still worried sick. I have been trying to get him to drink loads but he is tired so asleep now. I just hope the rest helps his blood sugar come down

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