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Acidosis And Alkalosis Pdf

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Blood Gas Analysis--insight Into The Acid-base Status Of The Patient

Acid-Base Physiology Buffers H+ A- HCO3- CO2 Buffers H+ A- CO2 Cells Blood Kidney Lungs Fluids, Electrolytes, and Acid-Base Status in Critical Illness Blood Gas Analysis--Insight into the Acid-Base status of the Patient The blood gas consists of pH-negative log of the Hydrogen ion concentration: -log[H+]. (also, pH=pK+log [HCO3]/ 0.03 x pCO2). The pH is always a product of two components, respiratory and metabolic, and the metabolic component is judged, calculated, or computed by allowing for the effect of the pCO2, ie, any change in the pH unexplained by the pCO2 indicates a metabolic abnormality. CO +H 0ºº H CO ººHCO + H2 2 2 3 3 - + CO2 and water form carbonic acid or H2CO3, which is in equilibrium with bicarbonate (HCO3-)and hydrogen ions (H+). A change in the concentration of the reactants on either side of the equation affects the subsequent direction of the reaction. For example, an increase in CO2 will result in increased carbonic acid formation (H2CO3) which leads to an increase in both HCO3- and H+ (\pH). Normally, at pH 7.4, a ratio of one part carbonic acid to twenty parts bicarbonate is present in the extracellular fluid [HCO3-/H2CO3]=20. A change in the ra Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. trekkin1

    Seriously, these animals are extreme carnivores, yet the big chow companies make grain-based pet food that is very high (over 50%) in carbs. So pet obesity (insulin resistance) is a problem, as well as kidney diseases and cataracts (related to high blood sugar).
    I asked my LCHF doctor in Seattle about it and he agreed. He said "I feed my dog only meat". Tim Noakes says that cats are even more sensitive to carbs than dogs are.

    So how are your pets doing if you are feeding them grain-based dry foods vs meat?

  2. Pilotbob

    A boardgame youtuber that I follow swears by feeding his dogs raw chicken. Says it's the healthiest thing you can feed them. Here's an article about it.

    http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15230/1/Raw-Chicken-for-Dogs.html
    61

  3. Fiorella

    I heard that there is a feline WOE called "catkins", as a spin off of Atkins.

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