What Is Insulin Resistance?
If someone has insulin resistance, their body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. When we eat foods containing carbohydrate they are broken down to glucose (a term for sugar) in the blood. The normal function of the hormone insulin is to transfer glucose from the blood into the liver and muscle cells, to be used as energy, and managing our blood glucose levels. In people with insulin resistance, the muscles and the liver resist the action of insulin, so the body has to produce higher amounts to keep the blood glucose levels within a normal range. Insulin resistance is more common in: People with a family history of diabetes People who are overweight (particularly around the stomach area) People who are physically inactive Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) Ethnic groups (e.g. Indigenous Australians and Torres Strait Islanders). A person with insulin resistance has a greater risk of developing Type II diabetes and heart disease. Insulin resistance is detected by blood tests that your GP or specialist may order. If you have insulin resistance, following a healthy lifestyle can reduce your chances of developing Type II diab Continue reading >>