Variations In The Antagonistic Effects Of Insulin And Glucagon On Glycogen Metabolism In Cultured Foetal Hepatocytes.
The antagonistic effects of insulin and glucagon on glycogen formation and mobilization were studied in cultured 18-day foetal rat hepatocytes with regard to different modes of exposure. Hormone combinations were achieved with a constant dose of 10 nM-insulin (maximal for the glycogenic effect of this hormone) and increasing doses of glucagon [from 0.03 to 10 nM: concn. causing half-maximal response (ED50) = 0.3 nM)]. When insulin and glucagon were added simultaneously, increasing glucagon concentrations progressively depressed the glycogenic effect of insulin and 0.3 nM-glucagon antagonized the insulin effect completely. The maximal glycogenolytic effect of glucagon was observed at concentrations greater than 1 nM. When the two hormones were introduced successively, with an interval of 4 h between additions, the effect of the second hormone was always fully expressed between 4 and 8 h. at which time the effect of the first hormone had ceased; the dominance of glucagon over insulin was also lost, due to cell desensitization to glucagon. Both continuous or intermittent (10 min on/10 min off periods) exposure to insulin and/or glucagon gave similar antagonistic effects, while in cell Continue reading >>