Exercise And Insulin Requirements.
Abstract In order to facilitate the management of sports and work for insulin injecting diabetic patients we analyzed 6 different situations: 1) In the morning before injecting insulin stepwise increasing bicycle ergometry until exhaustion with a duration of less than one half hour may be performed without previous reduction of insulin or additional oral carbohydrates. Maximal work load can thus be determined with ECG monitoring. After insulin injection we advise our patients to estimate their reaction by calculating with exercise units. One exercise unit equals 20 minutes of half maximal exercise or one hour of 30% maximal exercise. 2) Performing one exercise unit the diabetic will have to anticipate a blood glucose reduction of -60 mg/dl. In order to maintain normal blood glucose levels he will have to reduce the regular insulin bolus 3) in the morning by -3,3 IU or 4) by -1.7 IU in the evening or he should 5) take +12 g of oral glucose (quickly absorbable carbohydrates). 6) A reduction of basal rate (CSII) or NPH insulin (ICT) is not advisable for exercise up to 3 hours. On the basis of these mean values every diabetic patient has to monitor blood glucose during exercise and ada Continue reading >>