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Long Acting And Short Acting Insulin

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5 Types Of Insulin And How They Work

What you need to know If you have to take insulin to treat diabetes, there’s good news: You have choices. There are five types of insulin. They vary by onset (how soon they start to work), peak (how long they take to kick into full effect) and duration (how long they stay in your body). You may have to take more than one type of insulin, and these needs may change over time (and can vary depending on your type of diabetes). Find out more about the insulin types best for you. Rapid-acting insulin What it’s called: Humalog (lispro), NovoLog (aspart), Apidra (glulisine) Rapid-acting insulin is taken just before or after meals, to control spikes in blood sugar. This type is typically used in addition to a longer-acting insulin. It often works in 15 minutes, peaks between 30 and 90 minutes, and lasts 3 to 5 hours. “You can take it a few minutes before eating or as you sit down to eat, and it starts to work very quickly,” says Manisha Chandalia, MD, director of the Stark Diabetes Center at the University of Texas Medical Branch, in Galveston. Short-acting insulin What it’s called: Humulin R, Novolin R Short-acting insulin covers your insulin needs during meals. It is taken abou Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Rachel_81

    Hi!
    I am new here. I am hypothyroid and have been consulting an endocrinologist where I live (Portugal).
    I am so far very happy with my doctor, I feel that my thyroid issues are well taken care of and feel healthy for the first time in, well ever.
    My blood sugars have been creeping up over the last year and are now at 105 mg/dl after a 12 hour fast and 145 mg/dl after a 1 hour glucose test.
    I am now 9 weeks pregnant and my endo prescribed me Metformin 750 at dinner and 750 at breakfast. I have been on it for 2 weeks with hardly any side effect. My doctor said she believes I will just keep increasing and may end up with gestational diabetes so the Metformin is to help prevent this. I eat healthily and have a BMI of 22.
    Yesterday I had an Obstetrician appointment and she told me to stop the Metformin, that policy in Portugal is to not prevent gestational diabetes but to treat it if it occurs and that they dont give pregnant women Metformin so I'd have to use insulin.
    I am unsure who to listen to.
    Does anyone have an opinion/advice?

    Thank you in advance!

  2. Gambit62

    personally I'm not a great fan of metformin because of the potential impact on absorption of B12.
    However from a quick search of sites tat I'd trust to have some scientific rigour it would appear that there aren't any specific problems with metformin during pregnancy (aside from a high incidence of some unpleasant side-effects. In fact it seems to reduce the risk of preterm delivery in treating PCOS patients. eg
    diabetes.co.uk/diabetes-med...
    ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articl...
    royalberkshire.nhs.uk/patie...
    It is a drug used to treat type 2 diabetes. if you are aware of a history of gestational diabetes in the family then that could be an indicator of a MODY variant of diabetes - which is closer to type 1
    diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-di...

  3. Rachel_81

    Thank you Gambit 62,
    I am still nervous about taking it but have tried exercise (gym, 3 times a week) and practically eliminating carbs with no success.
    I will ask my doctor if I can come off it and just wait and see what my sugar levels do, and only go back on if they continue to rise.
    Thank!!!

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