Is Regular Insulin Short Acting?

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Type 1 Diabetes: Types Of Insulin

Insulin therapy is essential for everyone who has type 1 diabetes and some people who have type 2 diabetes. Various types of insulin are available. They differ in terms of how quickly and how long they are effective, as well as in their chemical structure. Some types of insulin work quickly (short-acting insulin or rapid-acting insulin), while others only start to work after a certain amount of time, and then work over a longer time period (long-acting or basal insulin). Insulin can be extracted from the pancreas cells of pigs (porcine insulin) or cattle (bovine insulin) and prepared for use in humans. But nowadays most people use genetically engineered insulin for the treatment of diabetes. There are two types of genetically engineered insulin, known as human insulin and insulin analogues. Human insulin is similar to the insulin made in the human body. Insulin analogues have a different chemical structure, but they have a similar effect. What are the different types of insulin? The following types of insulin products differ in terms of how quickly and how long they are effective, as well as in terms of their chemical structure: This kind of insulin takes longer to start working. P Continue reading >>

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  1. NickC

    Insulin and a non-diabetic

    Probably not for this area of the forums but can't see a suitable category!
    My wife asked me last night, what does a hypo feel like? I explained, but she said that she would like to feel one so that she knows how I feel. That got me wondering (not that I would do it! ) how much insulin, say Novorapid, would it take to make a non-diabetic hypo? I assume a unit or two would do. Has anyone ever tried it?
    Please note, this is an academic question and there is no way I would do it, but just interested!

  2. Nia

    I've previously thought the same thing...........
    I was on a flight to New York, in 2002 and security was pretty tight at that time. Well I was sitting near the front of the plane, surrounded by kids climbing over the seats etc. So I asked the flight attendent if there was somewhere quiet I could go to inject.
    She took me to these little seats right outside the door of the flight deck. The door was locked from the inside and apparantly it is not meant to be opened as a security measure.
    However, the pilot came out and started chatting to me as I injected. The lapse in security got me thinking that if someone really wanted to, serious harm (death?) could be created by injecting a non-diabetic......... not that I have those thoughts, I was more concerned that the pilot didn't seem to be aware or concerned of this fact.
    I guess I must look trustworthy

  3. blondy2061h

    It would take far more than a unit or two.
    The normal-functioning body has a lost of defense mechanisms against hypoglycemia. The body will secrete adrenaline to raise the blood sugar, growth hormones, and glucagon will dump glycogen from the liver. Many people would never go hypo unless they took a ton or did it on a regular basis. In type 1 diabetes these all become impaired. I've heard of people taking whole bottles of insulins to attempt suicide and yes, going low, but living.
    My guess would be that for an average person it would take 10-20 units to produce a mild low.

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