When Diabetes Is Uncontrolled

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12 Signs Of Uncontrolled Diabetes

12 Signs of Uncontrolled Diabetes Blood tests tell you and your doctor when your glucose levels are too high. But signs of uncontrolled diabetes can appear all over your body. High blood glucose can damage nerves, blood vessels, and organs, resulting in a wide array of symptoms. Talk with your doctor if you spot any of them, so you can stay in control of your diabetes and improve your quality of life. © 2016 Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. All rights reserved. May not be reproduced or reprinted without permission from Healthgrades Operating Company, Inc. Use of this information is governed by the Healthgrades User Agreement. You Might Also Like Continue reading >>

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  1. Bruce McFarland

    Some symptoms that are only present when undiagnosed diabetes causes blood glucose levels to be so high, resolve quite easily as blood glucose levels normalize. Contrast the complications of long-term poor control when you have serious damage to body parts without the same ease of reversability.
    Examples: high blood sugar makes one thirsty and urinate a lot. But this is caused by the biochemical principle of osmosis. Fluid passes with a gradient of high concentration solution to low concentration through a semi-permeable membrane. Thus, the body loses fluid via the kidneys as a result of excessively high sugar in the blood. This triggers the thirst as the body’s homeostatic mechanisms recognise dehydration and diminished intravascular volume. As soon as sugars are treated, (generally under 200 mg/dl), the extreme thirst and frequency of urination decrease. So does the inadvertent weight loss of all that fluid leaving, and this disappoints the new diabetic who thought, “How wonderful, I'm finally losing weight.”
    The swelling of fluid into the lens of the eye, from osmotic effects, cause it to lag behind in the usually brisk function of our eyes called, “accommodation”. The eye’s lens is a semi-transparent tissue with a muscle controlling its shape. Distant objects can be focused on when the shape elongated the lens into a more elliptical phase, thereby causing the focal point of light for a far away object (a bird in the sky) to land on the retina. As we try to change our focus to a page in a book, or something close, the lens is squashed into a rounder oval that changed the focal point of light so that objects in a different distance are seen on the retina surface. Anyway, this ability to change between the two is accommodation. When fluid from high blood sugars make the lens too swollen, it is harder to change shape and the general effect is of blurred vision. Good news is, this is readily reversed when sugars go down and swelling eases.
    Fungal infections are ubiquitous with uncontrolled diabetic. The skin, especially dark and moist areas, (crotch, armpits, beneath skin folds, like under the breasts) are breeding grounds for many fungal strains. Obviously, a certain type of yeast infection is fairly familliar to women, even without diabetes. But these vaginal discharges of a thick white cottage cheese type substances occur in diabetes more frequently. Another fungal skin rash is common jock itch and ring worm. The skin is reddened, and thickened and itches, thus an excoriated appearance. The edges of the rash are irregular but well demarcated. Usually satellite lesions, or little separate patches are often found just outside the edge of the main rash. This is because yeast and other fungi reproduce asexually by budding off the main colony. But fungal skin infections can be treated, and with diabetes managed, the skin will completely clear up.
    Burning feet? Headaches? Yes, I've heard both those seem to clear up, by my patient’s account, after they got their blood glucose levels controlled.
    The vascular damage when diabetes is left mismanaged, for 5, 10 or 20 years is blood vessels losing their full caliber from plaque deposits. In the eye, on the finger tips and feet, and in the kidneys, the small blood vessels called “microvasculature” is very sensitive to poor oxygen delivery and will lead to damage that is of serious consequences. Blindness, loss of feeling in hands and feet and renal failure are all common complications. The wounds of poorly controlled diabetics won't heal easily. Ulcers of the feet will lead to progressive efforts at wound care as less and less viable tissue is salvageable.
    Macrovascular complication are the strokes, heart attacks and lower extremity amputations. The disease process is running rampant and harms the system severely.

    Diabetes is a constant and daily reason for patients coming to a primary care clinic. General practice is the front line for treating diabetics and helping them to manage life with their glucose under control. Referrals to specialists are utilized and the team approach as expected, works well . Hearing the dreaded news that “You're diabetic” is mitigated by the active participants in best therapeutic practices reward of the alleviation of the initial symptoms. Complacency or simply, disease progression will be heralded by the excessive thirst, frequent urination, blurry vision and yeast infections returning. It should be a wake up alarm to restore sugars to their normal range.

  2. Bo Thompson

    Im convinced what is happening in diabetes is excessive osmotic pressure. Certain substances actually put pressure on your cell walls, and when its high enough it crushes them. This is why glycated A1c is a good measure of diabetes, you are looking at glucose hammered onto red blood cells. The same thing can happen to a fish just changing the water in his tank, water that is too pure tends to explode the cells, and water that is too salty will crush them- you can kill a fish just by changing his water too fast. Specifically Sodium Glucose and acid all work together to crush cells-interestingly fat goes directly into cells no pressure created while, glucose has to be pumped in. Also you spend an incredible amount of your total energy just swapping potassium in and sodium out of cells. One of the most interesting studies I’ve seen was one out of Japan, the researcher was looking for the what parameter seemed to predict kidney failure in diabetics..the answer? Low Urinary PH. This shouldnt be surprising, athletes can damage their kidney exercising too hard, its called rhabdomyolosis. When urinary PH gets below 5.5, iron from damaged muscles disassociates and causes radical damage to the kidneys(its treated by giving certain alkaline substances to raise urinary PH). It appears the same is happening on a slow time frame to diabetics. Your kidneys and lungs are the primary organs that remove acid from your body, so losing the function of one or the other can cause respiratory or metabolic acidosis..very serious conditions. The more acid, salt and sugar in your blood, the more crushing pressure on your cells. Too much acid, and new cells dont mature properly. It also appears that the PH of urine affects the excretion of certain toxins-this fact is sometimes used by hospitals to speed the elimination of drugs in overdose patients.

  3. Nathaniel Hummel

    When you say, uncontrolled Type II, are you sure that is your Dx? I know the foot pain from Pedal Nephropathy (neuropathy?) can certainly be a condition caused by Type II, but I’m not so sure about headache or thirst. Thrush, if I best recall, is a type of fungus. Candidiasis can often occur in women without diabetes, but it is probably more common if accompanied by diabetes.
    If you have type II diabetes, also referred to as NIDD (non insulin dependent diabetes) as compared with IDD (insulin dependent diabetes), it is not uncommon for the NIDD population to be susceptible to skin yeast infestations.
    Regarding both types of diabetes, it is very important to get the best control you can. With NIDD often taking the right oral meds (though there are some newer injectable meds for this type), combined with a “sensible” diet, may control skin yeast infections to a reasonable occurrence and severity.
    Although many people think that a glucose meter is something that IDD patients only use… IMO a glucose meter can also give you a better idea/feedback of how well your NIDD diabetes is being managed. Most meters come with a small amount of test strips, and your local pharmacy will have them in larger quantities, but they tend to be expensive. Online stores (like Amazon) often have suppliers that will provide you with these test strips at a substantial discount. I mention this, as if you first test your morning NPO (before eating anything), you will get a general idea of your “fasting blood sugar level.) Then, test it every hour for about 4–6 hours, after eating breakfast and see how much it rises and falls. Then, do this for, say, every day for about 5 or more days, and also keep track of what you ate for breakfast (like sausage and eggs, i.e. low carbohydrates). Then do it with pancakes or waffles with a lot of syrup (high carbo load) and see how well you tolerate high carbos. This may help you control your daily carbo load and in turn keep your blood sugar levels lower.
    For a better, or more accurate test, you can ask your physician to order different types of diabetes-blood sugar level screening tests.
    Again, I’m not admitting to be a physician or a skilled health worker… just a know-it-all with, self admittedly, some medical knowledge.

    Best of luck to you in controlling your diabetes. :)

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