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What Part Of The Body Is Affected By Type 2 Diabetes?

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

What Is It? Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus and adult-onset diabetes. That's because it used to start almost always in middle- and late-adulthood. However, more and more children and teens are developing this condition. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes, and is really a different disease. But it shares with type 1 diabetes high blood sugar levels, and the complications of high blood sugar. During digestion, food is broken down into basic components. Carbohydrates are broken down into simple sugars, primarily glucose. Glucose is a critically important source of energy for the body's cells. To provide energy to the cells, glucose needs to leave the blood and get inside the cells. Insulin traveling in the blood signals the cells to take up glucose. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ in the abdomen. When levels of glucose in the blood rise (for example, after a meal), the pancreas produces more insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body's cells resist the normal effect of insulin, which is to drive glucos Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Mary2014

    Pre diabetic and my doctor wants me to cut back on carbs and salt. I can/did cut back on carbs, but, three weeks ago I was 5'6" and 114 lbs. My weight has dropped to 110 lbs.
    I need to consume about 2300 calories a day to gain a 1/2 lb a month! I am trying to figure out how to increase my calories while reducing carbs and salt in my meal planning. I had been using foods like bagels and crackers to keep my daily calorie intake up. (I don't consume obviously high sugar foods like soda, candy, donuts.) I need to replace with foods that are high calorie, but, low carb and low salt.
    To complicate things - I have allergies. I can't eat nuts, seeds, beans, hummus, Avocado, watermelon, celery and a few other things that are "good fats". Some of these foods I can't eat due to very bad tree pollen allergies. It seems that many high calorie plant based proteins mimic tree pollen and I get a cross reactive response. Tree nuts can cause anaphylactic response -so I need to avoid at all cost. One bright spot is that I can eat peanut butter and dry roasted unsalted peanuts as it seems that the processing of this one particular nut does something to change the makeup of the protein and it is safe for me to consume.
    I have started replacing simple carbs with some foods that are complex carbs to lower spikes in glucose - but, I need to get back up to 114 pounds minimum ASAP. I am having real difficulty finding foods I can eat to gain weight.
    It seems all of the meal planning for diabetics/pre diabetics is based upon losing weight and exercising. (I walk 5 miles a day - so I get plenty of exercise.) How do thin diabetics go about gaining weight on a low carb diet?
    Any suggestions?

  2. Hedgehog_Mom

    You need to see an endocrinologist. Us fat folks have it easier when it comes to diabetes...stop eating the bad stuff and our bodies start to go back to normal. The endocrinologist is the diabetes doctor and they'll be able to figure out what's going on with you.
    This might be relevant to you: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latent...etes_of_adults
    As far as foods to eat...Greek yogurt is a good one. I saw this recipe today: https://recipes.sparkpeople.com/reci...?recipe=662771 which might work for you. Also, cream or butter in your coffee, olive oil on your veggies...fats have a lot of calories in a fairly small amount.

  3. CSD610

    Make an appointment with a dietician and look for the book on amazon: Carb counting and meal planning
    I am curious why you specified "thin people" though, diabetes is a disease that can affect anyone, it is not discriminatory.

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