What Is The Difference Between Type One Diabetes And Type Two Diabetes?

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Differences Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes

While type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes both are the result of elevated blood sugar levels, they are not the same disease and are treated differently. In type 1 diabetes, the problem is related to the amount of insulin in the body and, in type 2 diabetes, the problem is that, even though there is plenty of insulin around, the cells of the body are resistant to it so the glucose in the bloodstream is elevated. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics have elevated blood sugar levels and complications of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1 diabetes. While there are 26 million Americans with diabetes, only 5 percent of the time is the diabetes of type 1, while 95 percent of diabetics suffer from type 2 diabetes. Causes of Diabetes Type 1 diabetes mellitus is usually a disease that affects younger individuals. It is an autoimmune disease in which the antibodies produced by the diabetic patient are directed toward the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. This means the insulin levels are very low and blood sugar levels are very high. In type 2 diabetes, the insulin levels are normal or even higher than normal. The basic problem in type 2 diabetes is that the cells Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Fluffi_McPhee

    My nephew was just diagnosed with type 1, and my stepmother has had type 2 since her third pregnancy. She tells me they're completely different but I feel rather stupid, because the explanations I've found aren't helping. So a few questions: My nephew is 6, how big of an impact will this have? I read that type 2 diabetics don't inject, but that can't be true because my stepmum injects I think twice daily. Why do people think this? Thanks!

  2. [deleted]

    This is my favourite ELI5 of diabetes.

  3. grindbxp

    There are two major differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The first is who it affects - type 1 normally begins during childhood or adolescence while type 2 normally appears in adults or the elderly. The second difference is more important. Type 1 diabetics can't produce enough insulin, while type 2 diabetics do produce insulin but their bodies can't use it properly which is called "insulin resistance". It's a subtle but very important difference.
    Type 1 diabetes is a genetic disease and there is no cure. Type 1 diabetics are dependent on insulin injections because they can't make enough on their own. Type 2 diabetics sometimes receive insulin shots, but they aren't always necessary because having more insulin isn't much help if your body can't use it. The treatment for type 2 diabetes usually focuses on healthy diet and weight loss, combined with drugs that make your body more sensitive to insulin, and is something that many people can grow (or rather "shrink") out of with a healthy lifestyle.

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