What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus?

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What Is The Difference Between Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus?

The two types of diabetes, diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus differ in many ways. Though they share common name, ‘diabetes’, the reasons behind them and most of the symptoms are different. Diabetes mellitus is the most common of the two, as it is a lifestyle disease that affects metabolism in our body. The increased incidence of sedentary life, tensions, and decrease in physical activity are mostly to be blamed, though some other reasons such as auto-immune disease also are causes. Some severe head injuries, tumours, or certain diseases can result in diabetes insipidus. Here is more about diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus and the differences between them. What is diabetes insipidus? Due to some injuries or viral diseases, the hypothalamus or pituitary gland get damaged and might be rendered unable to produce the hormone vasopressin. In some, the kidneys might have defect or be damaged due to certain reasons resulting in inability to respond to vasopressin. This lack of vasopressin or inability to respond to vasopressin causes the body to lose water through excessive urination. This is known as diabetes insipidus. What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus varies Continue reading >>

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  1. Aruna kavitha

    Differentiate between Diabetes mellitus and Diabetes insipidus.

    Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism during which glucose in the body is not oxidised to produce energy. there is an accumulation of glucose in the blood due to less insulin production by beta cells of pancreas. The condition is called as hyperglycemia.The patient becomes weak as there is no production of energy. this abnormal metabolic condition results in fatigue and weight loss by the patient.
    Diabetes insipidus is the disorder caused due to less secretion of ADH (Anti Diuretic Hormone) by posterior pituitary gland. there is continuous loss of fluids of the body from the urine.

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