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Type 1 Diabetes Quiz

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Type 1 Diabetes

font size A A A 1 2 3 4 5 Next What is Type 1 Diabetes? Type 1 diabetes, formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or "juvenile" diabetes, is an autoimmune disorder. The body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas. As a result, the body does not produce insulin, cells don't get the glucose they need, causing a build-up of glucose in the blood (high blood sugar). A complication of this is diabetic ketoacidosis, a condition in which the glucose level is very high and acid builds up in the body. Type 1 diabetes affects about 5% of people with diabetes. Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers which is why it used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, though adults can also be diagnosed. What Causes Type 1 Diabetes? Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body's immune system attacking and destroying certain cells in the pancreas that produce insulin (beta cells) which means people with type 1 diabetes cannot make their own insulin. Genetics are a major cause for developing type 1 diabetes. In most cases, both parents need to pass on certain genes in order for a child to develop type 1 diabetes. A ty Continue reading >>

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  1. Liang-Hai Sie

    Personally, I've haven't taken any breakfast (other than when vacationing) since I started med school. Am now 4 years into retirement.
    Knowing what we now know it might not have been the most healthy choice, at that time in the sixties we didn't know better.
    These effects have now been described:
    In children it induces insulin resistance, which is one of the hallmarks of future type 2 diabetes see Regular Breakfast Consumption and Type 2 Diabetes Risk Markers in 9- to 10-Year-Old Children in the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE): A Cross-Sectional Analysis and a discussion on this paper on the NHS pages Missing breakfast linked to type 2 diabetes
    In adult type 2 diabetics it correlates with higher blood sugar levels after lunch and dinner and an impaired insulin response to food Fasting Until Noon Triggers Increased Postprandial Hyperglycemia and Impaired Insulin Response After Lunch and Dinner in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial a discussion on which you can read on Skipping breakfast with type 2 diabetes could cause dangerous spikes in blood glucose levels

    According to Prospective Study of Breakfast Eating and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in a Cohort of Male US Health Professionals skipping breakfast is correlated with a 27% higher risk of coronary heart disease, for a discussion on the matter see Page on www.nhs.uk

    So maybe you should have a little something in the morning.

  2. James Bennett

    Originally Answered: From a medical perspective, is skipping breakfast really that unhealthy?

    "First of all, we have the large scale epidemiological studies showing an association with breakfast skipping and higher body weights in the population. One researcher from that study, commenting on the association with breakfast skipping or food choices for breakfast, said:
    "These groups appear to represent people 'on the run,' eating only candy or soda, or grabbing a glass of milk or a piece of cheese. Their higher BMI would appear to
    support the notion that 'dysregulated' eating patterns are associated with obesity, instead of or in addition to total energy intake per se."
    Kellogg's and clueless RDs love to cite them over and over again, so people are lead to believe that breakfast has unique metabolic and health-related benefits. In reality, these studies just show breakfast eaters maintain better dietary habits overall.
    Other studies frequently cited claiming that breakfast is beneficial for insulin sensitivity are all marred with methodological flaws and largely uncontrolled in design.
    In one widely cited study, subjects were entrusted to eat most meals in free-living conditions. The breakfast skipping group ate more and gained weight, which affected health parameters negatively.
    From the abstract: "Reported energy intake was significantly lower in the EB period (P=0.001), and resting energy expenditure did not differ significantly between the 2 periods." EB = eating breakfast. In essence, people who ate breakfast could control their energy intake better for the rest of the day. They didn't gain any weight but the breakfast skipping group did. Fat gain always affects insulin sensitivity and other health parameters negatively. Thus what people took this to mean is that breakfast is healthy and improves insulin sensitivity. Which isn't at all what the study showed."
    Source:
    http://www.leangains.com/2010/10...

    2.7k Views · 13 Upvotes

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