Relationship Between Obesity And Type 2 Diabetes

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The Relationship Between Obesity And Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease that makes it difficult for the body to manage its blood-glucose levels. Diabetes is broken down into two types: type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the pancreas cannot adequately produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar; and type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body either resists the effects of insulin or does not produce enough to maintain a normal blood sugar level. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports type 2 diabetes has been occurring with increasing frequency among American children and adolescents over the past 20 years. The Mayo Clinic says 90 percent of diabetes cases are type 2, and 80 percent of these people are overweight. Being overweight or obese is a significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes, but many people do not know why. There is some evidence that fat cells are more resistant to insulin than muscle cells. In addition, being overweight taxes the body in other ways and can put more pressure on the body’s ability to properly control blood sugar and use insulin. Carbohydrate-rich diets full of simple sugars and refined foods can cause unhealthy spikes in blood-glucose readings. Individuals who overeat and lead sede Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Phoebe623

    I am going to start following the GD diet since I am high risk of GD, and I googled and found quite a few different amounts for carbs.
    How many are you allowed to have each meal, and do you subtract the fiber to solve for net carbs or just use the straight carb number?
    Thanks for your help in advance!

  2. memali26

    I was told to use straight carb counts and not to subtract the fiber, but to look for things that are high in fiber as it will help your blood sugar raise more slowly.
    Number of carbs allowed depends on your tolerance level/activity level/size/how much weight you need to or should gain. Dietitians generally have a system to figure out a meal plan for each specific patient. My guidelines are:
    Breakfast - 23 grams carbs (I usually only do 10-15 because my numbers spike early in the day, my dietitian is okay with that)
    AM/Afternoon snack - 15 grams carbs
    Lunch/Dinner - 30 grams carbs plus 8 oz milk (which is an additional 15 grams carbs)
    PM snack - 30-45 grams of carbs. That's higher than most, but we're having trouble with me spilling ketones so I eat a more carb heavy snack and compensate with insulin to control the ketones.

  3. memali26

    Also, remember that the diet won't prevent GD. Following it before you're diagnosed (not everyone who is high risk for GD ends up with it) isn't a bad idea, though, as it will mean you're already in the habit of counting your carbs and that may be helpful in getting things under control faster.

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