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Obesity And Diabetes Statistics

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Epidemiology Of Obesity And Diabetes And Their Cardiovascular Complications

Abstract Obesity and diabetes mellitus have reached epidemic proportions in the past few years. During 2011 to 2012, more than one-third of the US population was obese. Although recent trend data indicate that the epidemic has leveled off, prevalence of abdominal obesity continues to rise, especially among adults. As seen for obesity, the past few decades have seen a doubling of the diabetes mellitus incidence with an increasing number of type 2 diabetes mellitus cases being diagnosed in children. Significant racial and ethnic disparities exist in the prevalence and trends of obesity and diabetes mellitus. In general, in both adults and children, non-Hispanic blacks and Mexican Americans seem to be at a high risk than their non-Hispanic white counterparts. Secular changes in agricultural policies, diet, food environment, physical activity, and sleep have all contributed to the upward trends in the diabesity epidemic. Despite marginal improvements in physical activity and the US diet, the food environment has changed drastically to an obesogenic one with increased portion sizes and limited access to healthy food choices especially for disadvantaged populations. Interventions that im Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Richard157

    Why Does The ADA Say An A1c Of 7.0 Or Less Is Good?

    My doctor wants my A1c below 6.0 since that is a nondiabetic level. Other sources recommend 6.5 or less. The ADA says 7.0 or less, but WHY???
    Here is a response to this question from someone on another site.
    "(1)The ADA isn't focused on lifelong Type 1s, they try to serve the interests of all diabetics at the same time. The vast, vast majority of diabetics are midlife and senior T2s.
    Among that population, many aren't being treated at all (they haven't even been diagnosed). So, merely getting fasting bG tests done at all, and interpreted correctly, is a big focus.
    (2)Among those Type 2s who HAVE been diagnosed, many will still have a short life expectancy no matter how aggressively their diabetes is treated. (Old age, Alzheimers, etc.)
    And many of these people are so set in their ways that's it's really hard to get them to do even moderate lifestyle changes.
    (3) But by far the most important reason is this: A vast majority of T2 people have A1c values far, far above 7.0, and ADA has decided not to set the bar so high that nearly everybody fails to reach it.
    ADA has documented the discussion and reasoning behind this goal of 7.0 and I've read that documention on the web, although I didn't keep the URL.
    - - - -
    On the other hand, DCCT really did, if I recall correctly, demonstrate a high statistical confidence that 6.5, and even 6.0, are significantly better than 7.0 for life expectancy— when you specifically exclude causes of death directly related to Hypos. So, for attentive and dedicated diabetics, 6.5 or even 6.0 is VERY clearly a more appropriate goal— if you can reach it without causing numerous hypos as a side-effect."
    The discussion above is another person's opinion but I feel that much of it is correct in my own mind.
    What do YOU think?

  2. firefightermom

    hey,I saw this poster at the doctors office that was about AIC numbers this isnt exact but it said something to the effect of if your AIC is between 6-7 youre blood sugars were running around 70-150 on average for 3 months if it was 8-9 B.S running 180-200 on average and so on you know 10-11 would be 200-300 B.S on average of three months,that is what the AIC test does it tells the average of what you blood sugar has been over a three month period thats why it is important to have that test done especially if someone doesnt check blood sugar levels on a regular basis every day same time of day.Hope that helps,it helped me when i saw the poster.good to meet you.

  3. Gabby

    The reason that these numbers are set where they are is that they are still giving you a lot of slack just for being diabetic. If you read your lab reports, you will see that a non-diabetic patient A1c is 4.8-5.9. So if you want a "normal" reading, that should be our goal.
    So I don't really see that below 7 is such a high bar...just a high number.

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