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Is Type 2 Diabetes Only Caused By Obesity?

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Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In Childhood: Obesity And Insulin Resistance

As rates of childhood obesity climb, type 2 diabetes mellitus has increasingly been diagnosed in children and adolescents, with the highest incidence occurring among youth from racial and ethnic minority backgrounds. The serious complications associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus make it essential for physicians to be aware of risk factors and screening guidelines, allowing for earlier patient diagnosis and treatment. It is also important for physicians to be aware of the treatment options available, including weight control through diet and exercise as well as common pharmacotherapeutic options. According to the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study Group,8 incidence rates among American Indians aged 15 to 19 years is 49.4%, compared to 5.6% in non-Hispanic whites of the same age group. Among youth in the United States, Pima Indian adolescents have the highest reported prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus. For Pima Indian children aged 5 to 9 years, the incidence rate is less than 0.5%; for children and adolescents aged 10 to 14 years, 1.5% to 3%; and for adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 19 years, 4% to 5%.7 Neel9 postulated that, when humans were hunter-gatherers and did Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. infinitepaths

    Also is it possible for people with low body fat to get type 2 diabetes?

  2. Iathoi

    There are many risk factors for type 2 diabetes such as age, race, pregnancy, stress, certain medications, genetics or family history, high cholesterol and obesity. However, the single best predictor of type 2 diabetes is overweight or obesity. Almost 90% of people living with type 2 diabetes are overweight or have obesity. People who are overweight or have obesity have added pressure on their body's ability to use insulin to properly control blood sugar levels, and are therefore more likely to develop diabetes.

  3. azirale

    Obesity doesn't cause diabetes. It is a risk factor because if you are obese (which is easy to find out) you are much more likely to have/get diabetes. Basically the kinds of things that cause obesity also tend to cause diabetes, so if you get one you are more likely to get the other.

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