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How Are Diabetes And Periodontal Disease Related

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Periodontitis As A Possible Early Sign Of Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract Objective The early diagnosis of (pre)diabetes mellitus is essential for the prevention of diabetes complications. It has been suggested that gum disease (periodontitis) might be an early complication of diabetes and may be a useful risk indicator for diabetes screening. Therefore, a dental office could be a good location for screening for (pre)diabetes in patients with periodontitis using a validated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) dry spot analysis. Research design and methods A total of 313 individuals from a university dental clinic participated. From 126 patients with mild/moderate periodontitis, 78 patients with severe periodontitis and 109 subjects without periodontitis, HbA1c values were obtained by the analysis of dry blood spots. Differences in mean HbA1c values and the prevalence of (pre)diabetes between the groups were analyzed. Results The mild/moderate and severe periodontitis groups showed significantly higher HbA1c values (6.1%±1.4% (43 mmol/mol±15 mmol/mol) and 6.3%±1.3% (45 mmol/mol±15 mmol/mol), respectively) compared with the control group (5.7%±0.7% (39 mmol/mol±8 mmol/mol), p=0.003). In addition, according to the American Diabetes Association (ADA) Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. Endran Ratnasothy

    Periodontal disease can be a consequence of genetic factors and other medical conditions, that are not within our control.
    However good oral hygiene, regular dental check ups and avoiding bad habits like smoking/chewing betel nut will help a great deal in keeping periodontal disease at bay.
    Also a balanced diet, with all the macro and micro nutrients are helpful.
    To get down to details,
    Proper brushing technique, proper brush, and brushing twice a day.
    Flossing, at least once a day.
    Routine dental check ups, scaling twice a year or at least once a year

    Avoiding bad habits, like smoking.

    Hope this helps!

  2. Andrew Terry

    Floss, floss, floss.
    Really, flossing is the one thing I never took seriously, until my gums were receding and I had deep pockets between my gums and teeth. I had to have two root scrapings to clean up the deep pockets, and I now floss religiously.
    The reason I used to avoid flossing is because I hated sticking my fingers in my mouth. I now use the plastic floss picks instead. This may not be “as good” as string floss but it does the job.

    My understanding is the most important aspect of flossing is that it prevents the bacteria in the plaque on your teeth from establishing a blood supply with your gums which allows the bacteria to grow. When you run the floss between your teeth and gums it breaks any formation of blood supply, this is why your gums bleed if you don’t floss regularly, the bleeding is from breaking the blood supply to the bacteria. This bacteria left unchecked is what causes periodontal disease.

  3. Don Davis

    Here are the two remedies / preventatives that I know of:

  4. -> Continue reading
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