Dog Diabetes Symptoms

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Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs - Overview

This handout provides general information about diabetes mellitus in dogs. For information about its treatment, see the fact sheets "Diabetes Mellitus - Principles of Treatment" and "Diabetes Mellitus - Insulin Treatment". What is diabetes mellitus? Diabetes mellitus is a disease of the pancreas, a small but vital organ located near the stomach. The pancreas has two significant types of cells. One group of cells produces the enzymes necessary for proper digestion. The other group, called beta cells, produces the hormone insulin. Insulin regulates the level of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream and controls the delivery of glucose to the tissues of the body. In simple terms, diabetes mellitus is caused by the failure of the pancreas to regulate blood sugar. The clinical signs of diabetes mellitus are related to elevated concentrations of blood glucose and the inability of the body to use glucose as an energy source. What are the clinical signs of diabetes and why do they occur? The four main symptoms of uncomplicated diabetes mellitus are increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss, and increased appetite. Glucose is a vital substance that provides much of the energy needed b Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. powerwalker2

    Check with your doctor, but here are Joslin Diabetes Center's suggestions:

  2. alan_s

    When considering the goals from the major diabetes authorities I have always preferred the much tighter guidelines of the AACE:
    Table 1. AACE-Recommended Glycemic Targets for Nonpregnant Adults2

    Treatment Goal
    Hemoglobin A1C
    Individualize on the basis of age, comorbidities, and duration of disease

    ≤6.5 for most
    Closer to normal for healthy
    Less stringent for “less healthy”
    Fasting plasma glucose (FPG)
    <110 mg/dL

    2-hour postprandial glucose (PPG)
    <140 mg/dL
    They also note the looser ADA 2hr target of <180 on that page. I consider that dangerously lax. Personally I have followed tighter goals than either for the past fifteen years. These targets, which I first encountered in Jennifer's Test, Test, Test, have worked very well for me:
    Fasting............................Under 110
    One hour after meals.......under 140
    Two hours after meals.....under 120
    or for those in the mmol parts of the world:
    Fasting............................Under 6
    One hour after meals......Under 8
    Two hours after meals....Under 6.5

  3. maryd98


    Re: Blood Glucose Goal Ranges WITH and WITHOUT Diabetes

    Check with your doctor, but here are Joslin Diabetes Center's suggestions:
    What I really like about this chart^ is that it compares glucose numbers for people with and without diabetes.
    Not only is that something I find interesting, but it seems like a lot of newbies wonder about this. Great link to have in the "prediabetes forum" (and/or the newbies forum), Nancy!
    Till next time,
    aka maryd98
    Joined ADA forum August 2012
    Diagnosed T2 July 1998
    First A1C (July 1998): 13.6
    First BG (July 1998): 537
    Latest A1C (October 2017): 5.7
    A1c has been under 6 since I got my BG under control (early in 1999), except for once when it was 6.2
    On oral meds for about 9 months after diagnosis
    "Just" diet and exercise since quitting oral meds.
    "Just" really means "plus" keeping stress in check, getting enough sleep, changing my work schedule as needed, timing my meals and snacks, making time to take care of non-work and non-diabetes needs (as well as diabetes and work needs), and making time for just me, myself, and I. :-)

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