Diabetic Ketoacidosis Pathophysiology Diagram

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Diabetic Ketoacidosis - Symptoms

A A A Diabetic Ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) results from dehydration during a state of relative insulin deficiency, associated with high blood levels of sugar level and organic acids called ketones. Diabetic ketoacidosis is associated with significant disturbances of the body's chemistry, which resolve with proper therapy. Diabetic ketoacidosis usually occurs in people with type 1 (juvenile) diabetes mellitus (T1DM), but diabetic ketoacidosis can develop in any person with diabetes. Since type 1 diabetes typically starts before age 25 years, diabetic ketoacidosis is most common in this age group, but it may occur at any age. Males and females are equally affected. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when a person with diabetes becomes dehydrated. As the body produces a stress response, hormones (unopposed by insulin due to the insulin deficiency) begin to break down muscle, fat, and liver cells into glucose (sugar) and fatty acids for use as fuel. These hormones include glucagon, growth hormone, and adrenaline. These fatty acids are converted to ketones by a process called oxidation. The body consumes its own muscle, fat, and liver cells for fuel. In diabetic ketoacidosis, the Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. carmanwife

    can I stop the metformin

    I was diagnosed 8 mos ago..and have had a hard time believing that I really do have diabetes..but I am doing what I am suppose to.
    Went to my nutritionist..and learned how to count carbs a month ago..so my blood sugars have been really good..here is the question, since they are good, can I stop taking my metformin that I take 3 times a day. Or is this the denial still acting up…I am really not sure.
    My first A1C was 9 in July, and 7 3 months ago..Does the diabetes go away????

  2. JSJB

    From what I have read, diabetes does not go away or get cured. YOU are the one that has to take control of the condition to stay healthy. You might think that a low bg or a1c is good enough to do away with the meds but it is best to consult with your doctor. I am on met and glipizide. 2 month ago my doctor said with my numbers he is going to take me off glipizide. I am working hard to control the numbers and eventually will be off met. Good Luck Stay Healthy

  3. Kirla

    When diagnosed my A1C was 14.1 and fasting blood sugar was 366. I changed what and how I ate and was able to quit all meds. My A1C went to 5.9 in about 4 months. Only took meds for about 7 weeks. Have been able to control my blood sugar for the last 3 years without meds. All my A1C’s have remained at or less than 6 for 3 years now. My lowest was 5.2. It can be done. Have read about people doing it for over 10 years and doing great. Just have to cut the starchy carbs and eat right is all.

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