Diabetes Mellitus Birth Defects

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Pregestational Diabetes Mellitus And Congenital Heart Defects

Editorial 2219 Congenital heart defects (CHDs) comprise a wide range of malformations of the heart (ie, atrial and ventricu- lar chambers and septa, and atrioventricular and semilunar valves) and great vessels (ie, the great arteries and systemic and pulmonary veins), reflecting the complexity of develop- mental processes and potential disturbances in morphogenesis of the cardiovascular system. The first published report on the spectrum of CHD phenotypes was an atlas of a system- atic classification of CHDs based on pathophysiologic con- siderations of 1000 cases by Maude Abbott in 1936.1 Since then, the nomenclature and classification of CHD phenotypes have evolved with the development of surgical repairs and conduct of population-based studies into possible causes by using methods that account for potential etiologic heterogene- ity among specific CHD phenotypes and groupings of pheno- types of similar developmental origin.2–7 More recently, the National Birth Defects Prevention Study further developed the classification of CHDs to account for variation of phenotypes based on the complexity of cardiac lesions present (ie, simple, associations, complex), and for the presenc Continue reading >>

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Popular Questions

  1. ravenmoon33

    At home A1C tests...Are they worth the cost?

    I have recently been considering purchasing an at home A1C test kit. My last (and only) A1C test was at the doctor's office the day I was diagnosed (April of 2011) and it was 10.6 (which is bad I know). I have since gotten my bg under control and would like to know what my new number is but my doctor is waiting until August to check again. Is the at home A1C test accurate? And if so is it worth the money to buy the test and take at home since it has been 3 months since my last test?

  2. MAYS

    The test are accurate but you should wait until you are tested by your doctor.
    The reason being that if you test your own A1C now and then again in August you may not see a marginal improvement due to the shortness of time between them.
    This discussion may interest you:

  3. Harlen

    Will your Doc take the test as is or will they order a A1c a0s well
    or do you just wish to know what youe A1c is ?
    If its just for you go for it
    If your 0Doc is going to 0o0rder one0 anyway then I would not
    Best wishes

  4. -> Continue reading
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